In Presbyterianism, a distinction is typically made between preachers who are "licensed" and those who are "ordained." One who is licensed has permission to preach regularly in a particular geographic area, but is not considered an officer of the church. One who is ordained has greater privileges, such as full membership, including voting rights, in a presbytery.
In the antebellum South, Presbyterians licensed several African American preachers, like John Chavis. He preached in a variety of congregations, but, apparently due to his race, was never ordained.
Today, of course, there are many ordained Black pastors in the various American Presbyterian denominations. So my question is, when was the first African American ordained by one of them?
I'm especially interested to know if the first such ordination took place prior to or during the war, perhaps by the anti-slavery New School Presbyterians in the North.