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Question for Calvinists/Reformed people!

There are some teachers in my Evangelical church who teach Salvation by works to the children in the church. Their Justification for this is make the children behave well. I have judged this as dishonouring to GOD and his Word - and have confronted them on several occasions on their doctrine.

Because I have done this several times, fellow church members have accused me of dividing the Church, disturbing the peace and being intolerant.

I am working with the challenge of both When to speak up and how to speak up.

When?

  • When should I correct faulty doctrine?

  • When should I refrain?

  • Does the Bible have a 'formula' for correcting doctrine (like Matt 18:15-17)?

How?

  • If you have ever confronted somebody on their doctrine, could you please recount how you did it?
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  • Interesting question. The answers will be somewhat different for Presbyterians compared to Congregationalists, but I suspect a single answer can cover both approaches. But if you'd like to specify your denomination, that'd allow answers to be more specific (some denominations may have actual guidelines for this scenarios very similar to this). – Nathaniel is protesting Sep 19 '16 at 22:15
  • According to my church's bylaws (EFCA), individuals who teach contrary to our doctrine are confronted according to Matt 18:15-17, warned and welcomed to repent by the elders, then if they continue are put out of the membership. – Andrew Sep 20 '16 at 0:25
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    Regarding you disturbing the peace, I can't think of any prophet or teacher in the Bible who didn't step on a lot of toes. Of prime example would be Christ Himself, who came to divide people against each other! He certainly was not tolerant of sin, and nor should we be. It would be a different matter if you were being ''unnecessarily'' divisive, but fighting against heretical doctrine is most definitely necessary division to be made! – Birdie Sep 20 '16 at 3:15
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    This is only tangentially relevant, but I recommend a great book for teaching the gospel to children called “Show Them Jesus” by Jack Klumpenhower. This book proves it’s possible to teach the gospel even to very small children (and old curmudgeons like me). Maybe give a copy to the folks teaching this bad doctrine as a form of constructive criticism, i.e. not just pointing out the problem but helping with the solution. Cheers! – Joey Day Sep 20 '16 at 13:41
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The typical Reformed perspective on this is that the teachers of the church should not be teaching doctrine which disagrees with the confessional position of the church (which in continental Reformed churches is typically the Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed, Athanasian Creed, and the Three Forms of Unity; in Presbyterian churches, it is typically the same creeds and the Westminster Confession of Faith as far as I know).

If an official church teacher is teaching doctrine contrary to the confessions the church upholds, then it is definitely your right (and duty!) bring the matter to the Consistory of your church (e.g. the minister/s and elders). Most Reformed churches have an article in their church order regarding this (in the case of continental Reformed churches, usually based on the old Netherlands Reformed Church Order:

Article 75

The reconciliation of all such sins as are of their nature of a public character, or have become public because the admonition of the Church was despised, shall take place, when definite signs of repentance are evident, publicly, by the judgment of the Consistory; and in rural districts or smaller towns having only one Minister, with the advice of two neighbouring Churches, in such a form and manner as shall be judged to be conducive to the edification of each Church.

Article 76

Such as obstinately reject the admonition of the Consistory, and likewise those who have committed a public or otherwise gross sin, shall be suspended from the Lord's Supper. And if he, having been suspended after repeated admonitions, shows no signs of repentance, the Consistory shall at last proceed to the extreme remedy, namely, excommunication, agreeably to the Form adopted for that purpose according to the Word of God. But no one shall be excommunicated except with previous advice of Classis.

And also later in Article 79, elders or ministers who preach false doctrine or heresy (which in the example you gave, would be the case) should be suspended and/or deposed, as well as disciplined as per the quoted articles.

The reason the complete Matthew 18 process is partially skipped is because publicly teaching confessionally false doctrine is a public sin, and as such should be publicly admonished, skipping private admonition.

If someone is not publicly teaching false doctrine, but does subscribe to it, and it is a confessional doctrine, then you should follow the Matthew 18 process to admonish them and restore them to the faith. This is also described in the linked church order.

Regarding when to NOT try to correct false doctrine, if the matter is not confessional then you don't typically need to follow the Matthew 18 process. This is because any non-confessional matter is not considered necessary for salvation (and typically there is debate on the matter, among orthodox scholars). For example, falsely taught soteriology is a confessional doctrine and thus MUST be confronted. But having a disagreement with someone about whether or not the burning bush was the first or the second person of the Trinity is non-confessional, and as such not something that should be disciplined by anyone but God.

The Presbyterian position may differ somewhat, and I would be interested in seeing an answer from that perspective.

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