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When does Christmas really end for Catholics? I know it starts different for most Eastern Orthodox, but for Latin Rite Catholics, like myself, I don't know when it actually is supposed to end. At the very least I know it's over by Ash Wednesday, but there there seem to be very real reasons to celebrate from

  1. December 25 - January 1st (the octave of Christmas, ending with the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God)
  2. December 25 - January 6th (the 12 days of Christmas, ending with the Epiphany)
  3. December 25 - February 2nd (40 day celebration, ending with the Presentation)

So, I guess the real question is who has the stamina to party Catholic style for 40 days, especially after the hubbub leading up to Christmas, but in a liturgical sense, when does the Christmas season end?

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A picture is worth 1000 words. Cf. USCCB > Prayer And Worship > Liturgical Year > Christmas:

enter image description here

The liturgical season of Christmas begins with the vigil Masses on Christmas Eve and concludes on the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord.


Note:

1) " - JANUARY 11" must be a typo (it appears a "2" was corrected to a "1". Clearly it ought have been JANUARY 10).

2) Feast of the Presentation of the Lord, Tuesday, February 2, 2016, is in Ordinary Time.

  • The Vatican says it ends on February 2 Feast of the Presentation of Our Lord (120). – Ken Graham Oct 15 '17 at 13:27
  • @KenGraham In your linked document Vatican clearly states, that "Christmastide closes with the Baptism of the Lord." (119) Only until 1969 Presentation of the lord ended Christmas time: "Until 1969, the ancient feast of the presentation of Our Lord(130), which is of Oriental origin, was known in the West as the feast of the Purification of Our Lady, and closed the Christmas season, forty days after the Lord's birth." (120) – K-HB Dec 12 '18 at 10:14
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From Wikipedia:

The Christmas season immediately follows Advent. The traditional Twelve Days of Christmas begin with Christmas Eve on the evening of December 24 and continue until the feast of Epiphany. The actual Christmas season continues until the Feast of the Baptism of Christ, which in the present form of the Roman Rite is celebrated on the Sunday after 6 January.

In the pre-1970 form, this feast is celebrated on 13 January, unless 13 January is a Sunday, in which case the feast of the Holy Family is celebrated instead. Until the suppression of the Octave of the Epiphany in the 1960 reforms, 13 January was the Octave day of the Epiphany, providing the date for the end of the season.

The period following Christmas is called Ordinary Time or Time after Epiphany.

  • OK, so the answer was none of the above. Figures. Anyway, I'm not going to accept an answer that doesn't take into account the feast of the presentation as it applies to modern celebrations of Christmas, but thank you for looking this up. – Peter Turner Dec 28 '11 at 14:10
  • But liturgically speaking the Presentation has very little to do with the Christmas season. There is a vestige or two of Christmas that lasts until the Presentation (e.g., singing Alma Redemptoris Mater after Compline, which is required in the Extraordinary Form), but in most respects, the Baptism of the Lord is the end of the season. Maybe you could clarify your question if you don't feel like this really answers it? – Ben Dunlap Dec 28 '11 at 23:15
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The Christmas Season starts with Midnight Mass or the Christmas vigil (according to the new rite) and continues with a holy joy until the 2nd Vespers of the feast of the presentation of the Lord (February 2nd).The celebration of a 40 day season for Christmas goes so far back into antiquity that it is impossible to know at what point in time it became a tradition. The Feast of the Presentation was established as a feast on this date at least by the 6th century. Mary was obliged by Jewish law to present Our Lord to the Lord 40 days after his birth, thus bringing the joys of Christmas to a natural conclusion.

Until 1969, the ancient Feast of the Presentation of Our Lord, which is of Oriental origin, was known in the West as the feast of the Purification of Our Lady, and closed the Christmas season, forty days after the Lord's birth.- Directory on Popular Piety and the Liturgy (120) of the Vatican Website.

Traditionally speaking, our Christmas trees should go up on Christmas Eve and brought down on the Feast of the Epiphany with the arrival of the Magi with their gifts of gold ,frankincense and myrrh. On this day the three wise men are added to our manger scenes! In Europe, the Christmas Creches are only taken down on February 2nd.

Here is what Dom Gueranger has to say on this subject:

We apply the name of Christmas to the forty days which begin with the Nativity of our Lord, December 25, and end with the Purification of the Blessed Virgin, February 2. It is a period which forms a distinct portion of the Liturgical Year, as distinct, by its own special spirit, from every other, as are Advent, Lent, Easter, or Pentecost. One same Mystery is celebrated and kept in view during the whole forty days. Neither the Feasts of the Saints, which so abound during this Season; nor the time of Septuagesima, with its mournful Purple, which often begins before Christmastide is over, seem able to distract our Holy Mother the Church from the immense joy of which she received the good tidings from the Angels [St Luke ii 10] on that glorious Night for which the world had been longing four thousand years. The Faithful will remember that the Liturgy commemorates this long expectation by the four penitential weeks of Advent.

The custom of celebrating the Solemnity of our Saviour’s Nativity by a feast or commemoration of forty days’ duration is founded on the holy Gospel itself; for it tells us that the Blessed Virgin Mary, after spending forty days in the contemplation of the Divine Fruit of her glorious Maternity, went to the Temple, there to fulfil, in most perfect humility, the ceremonies which the Law demanded of the daughters of Israel, when they became mothers.

Besides, who has ever known of a joyous liturgical season (Christmas) being shorter than the season of preparation and joyful penance. Please recall that in some regions, Advent is six weeks long, not four like ours.

Unlike the Roman Rite, the Ambrosian Rite celebrates six Sundays of Advent (beginning with the Sunday after St. Martin’s Day) with proper epistle and gospel readings. These six Sundays were marked by seven Prefaces altogether: one for each of the first five, with two assigned to the Sixth Sunday of Advent. - Ambrosian Preface Texts for Celebrating Advent

Although there are several differences between the current General Roman Calendar (also referred to as the Ordinary Form or OF) and the 1962 Extraordinary Form Calendar (EF), the structure of both of the liturgical seasons is still very similar. Below is a combined calendar of both the Ordinary Form and Extraordinary Form calendars.

Christmas to Candlemas: When is the Real End of the Christmas Season?

It seems inevitable every Christmas that there will be polite disagreement among Catholics as to when the Christmas season officially ends. Usually the discussion revolves around when to take down the Christmas decorations. Most of my friends will wait until after the Epiphany or after the Baptism of the Lord. But every year someone will say that that they are following the traditional and official end of the Christmas season, February 2nd, 40 days after Christmas, which is the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord or Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary (commonly called Candlemas, in Greek Hypapante). Christmas to Candlemas: When is the Real End of the Christmas Season?

  • 1
    Welcome to Christianity.SE. For a quick overview of what this site is about, please take the Site Tour. Thanks for offering an informative answer. Can you provide any links to Catholic materials that provide more information on this? If so, it would strengthen your answer. See: What makes a good supported answer? Meanwhile, I do hope you'll stick around! – Lee Woofenden Jan 17 '16 at 1:44
  • You correclty quote "closed the Christmas season". Your answer is wrong for the ordinary rite and I suppose the question is for the ordinary rite. – K-HB Dec 12 '18 at 10:16
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February 2nd (40 day celebration, ending with the Presentation) People confuse the Christmas Season with the Christmas Shopping Season

At Christmas we celebrate the Word become flesh, coming to dwell among us as the light of the human race, just after the darkest point of the solar year. Christmas, therefore, is a holy day second only to Easter in the Roman calendar. The Octave of Christmas (octave means eight; hence the octave of Christmas lasts for eight days) begins with Christmas day and ends after the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. The season of Christmas ends, and Ordinary Time begins, on the Monday after the Solemnity of the Baptism of the Lord, which signifies the purification of the world, through Christ Himself. - Liturgical Seasons

Tradition: decorating for Christmas begins on Christmas Eve... decorations are removed after Candlemas. (I am originally from Chicago & now in Phoenix... what I have seen these last several years & this sickens me... Christmas decorations are up even before advent begins & are taken down "...On the second day of Christmas My true love gave to me Two turtle doves and a partridge in a pear tree..." :)

Many Christians observe Candlemas but it is not a public holiday in countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States. - Candlemas

  • Hun? You say "February 2nd" in the first paragraph (Which no justification or explanation), "Monday after the Solemnity of the Baptism" of the Lord in the second, and Candlemas in the 3rd. Which is it? – ThaddeusB Jan 12 '16 at 17:37
  • In response to: Hun? You say "February 2nd" in the first paragraph (Which no justification or explanation), "Monday after the Solemnity of the Baptism" of the Lord in the second, and Candlemas in the 3rd. Which is it? – ThaddeusB Jan 12 '16 at 17:37 Which is it? It is, "Take your pick!" Are you a traditionalist? Then the Christmas Season ends on February 2, the (former?) "Feast of the presentation of the Lord in the Temple." Or, in other traditions, it ends on (the former?) Candelmas day, February 3. If you are a "contemporary" Catholic, the Church's official end of the Christmas Season is on – GeoBeck Feb 2 '17 at 16:44
  • In keeping with the constant tradition of the Church, the Feast of the Presentation is the end of the Christmas Season. In the seminary and during the Novus Ordo years we were still taught that the Christmas Season still ends on February 2. – Ken Graham Feb 2 '17 at 17:18

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