Zechariah 14:16 "Then all the survivors from the nations that came against Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD of Hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles."
A kingdom must have a king, rulers or governors, and subjects, otherwise, it is not a kingdom. Obviously, the subjects will not have the same Divine revelations as the rulers. The rulers will operate in the same capacity as in the nature, character and function of the Lord Jesus-Christ and bring the subjects up to scratch in the knowledge of the Lord.
The rulers of the kingdom will have an incorruptible flesh and bone body just like Jesus at his resurrection. They will have two garments or interchangeable bodies as described in Ezekiel 44: one fine white linen garment (glorified body) to minister to God, one woollen garment to minister to or to teach people.
"Survivors from the nations" speaks of unbelievers who will be alive in the Millennium. The rulers of the Kingdom will be kinsmen redeemers to the unsaved world. This means that they will sit under us to learn the ways of the Lord until they mature in the knowledge of the Lord.
In the Kingdom, there will also be new believers and believers who never matured in their spiritual walk who will learn from the High Priests (rulers).
"Came against Jerusalem", the Hebrew word for Jerusalem is Yerushalayim (plural): the heavenly Jerusalem and the earthly Jerusalem. Jerusalem also means the teachers of the rain of Divine revelatory understanding. The Bible says that Jesus will come like the rain.
Deuteronomy 32:2 "Let my teaching (doctrines and revelations) fall like rain and my speech settle like dew, like gentle rain on new grass, like showers on tender plants."
Hosea 6:3 "Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth."
Every priest had to be a Levite. The verses below make a clear shift among the priesthood.
Ezekiel 44:6-14 - These priests will serve in the Outer Court
“Now say to the rebellious, to the house of Israel, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “O house of Israel, let Us have no more of all your abominations. When you brought in foreigners, uncircumcised in heart and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in My sanctuary to defile it—My house—and when you offered My food, the fat and the blood, then they broke My covenant because of all your abominations. And you have not kept charge of My holy things, but you have set others to keep charge of My sanctuary for you.” Thus says the Lord God: “No foreigner, uncircumcised in heart or uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter My sanctuary, including any foreigner who is among the children of Israel.
“And the Levites who went far from Me, when Israel went astray, who strayed away from Me after their idols, they shall bear their iniquity. Yet they shall be ministers in My sanctuary, as gatekeepers of the house and ministers of the house; they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister to them. Because they ministered to them before their idols and caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity, therefore I have raised My hand in an oath against them,” says the Lord God, “that they shall bear their iniquity. And they shall not come near Me to minister to Me as priests, nor come near any of My holy things, nor into the Most Holy Place; but they shall bear their shame and their abominations which they have committed. Nevertheless, I will make them keep charge of the temple, for all its work, and for all that has to be done in it.
THE LEVITES WHO WERE THE SONS OF ZADOK
These priests will serve in the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies or the Mishkhan
Ezekiel 44:15-31 “But the priests, the Levites, the sons of Zadok, who kept charge of My sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from Me, they shall come near Me to minister to Me; and they shall stand before Me to offer to Me the fat and the blood,” says the Lord God. “They shall enter My sanctuary, and they shall come near My table to minister to Me, and they shall keep My charge. And it shall be, whenever they enter the gates of the inner court, that they shall put on linen garments; no wool shall come upon them while they minister within the gates of the inner court or within the house. They shall have linen turbans on their heads and linen trousers on their bodies; they shall not clothe themselves with anything that causes sweat. When they go out to the outer court, to the outer court to the people, they shall take off their garments in which they have ministered, leave them in the holy chambers, and put on other garments; and in their holy garments they shall not sanctify the people.
“They shall neither shave their heads nor let their hair grow long, but they shall keep their hair well trimmed. No priest shall drink wine when he enters the inner court. They shall not take as wife a widow or a divorced woman, but take virgins of the descendants of the house of Israel, or widows of priests.
“And they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the unholy, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean. In controversy, they shall stand as judges, and judge it according to My judgments. They shall keep My laws and My statutes in all My appointed meetings, and they shall hallow My Sabbaths.
“They shall not defile themselves by coming near a dead person. Only for father or mother, for son or daughter, for brother or unmarried sister may they defile themselves. After he is cleansed, they shall count seven days for him. And on the day that he goes to the sanctuary to minister in the sanctuary, he must offer his sin offering in the inner court,” says the Lord God.
“It shall be, in regard to their inheritance, that I am their inheritance. You shall give them no possession in Israel, for I am their possession. They shall eat the grain offering, the sin offering, and the trespass offering; every dedicated thing in Israel shall be theirs. The best of all firstfruits of any kind, and every sacrifice of any kind from all your sacrifices shall be the priest’s; also you shall give to the priest the first of your ground meal, to cause a blessing to rest on your house. The priests shall not eat anything, bird or beast, that died naturally or was torn by wild beasts.
Several other statements you made in your answer make claims that are seemingly potentially true but not necessarily true, at least in accordance with the (lack of) evidence provided for such claims.
Perhaps the saints will rule with Christ, but we will rule the world, not mortals within the kingdom, as Zechariah 14:16 could also suggest?
Yes, we will rule the world or nations. The mortals will not be part of the kingdom, they will learn the ways of the Lord from the priests.
We will be able to minister to God:
Ezekiel 44:17-18 And it shall be, whenever they enter the gates of the inner court, that they shall put on linen garments; no wool shall come upon them while they minister within the gates of the inner court or within the house. They shall have linen turbans on their heads and linen trousers on their bodies; they shall not clothe themselves with anything that causes sweat.
We will also be able to minister to people where we will spend most of the time teaching:
Ezekiel 44:19 When they go out to the outer court, to the outer court to the people, they shall take off their garments in which they have ministered, leave them in the holy chambers, and put on other garments; and in their holy garments they shall not sanctify the people.
Psalm 2:8 - Berean Study Bible
Ask Me, and I will make the nations Your inheritance, the ends of the earth Your possession.
And to the one who is victorious and continues in My work until the end, I will give authority over the nations.
Psalm 22:27 - Berean Study Bible
All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the LORD. All the families of the nations will bow down before Him.
The verse below will continue until the final creation Jubilee
Then I will teach transgressors Your ways, and sinners will return to You.
The fact that Satan, when he is loosed at the end of the Millennium, is able to corral an army of disgruntled rebels is evidence enough that unregenerate mankind will be a part of the Millennial Kingdom.
Where do you get this concept of "maturing from mortality to immortality", during the Millennium?
The Barley Harvest (the first-fruits or remnant)
The Wheat Harvest (the rest of the church)
The Grape Harvest (the nations or the world coming into the knowledge of Christ up to the final creation Jubilee)
Matthew 13, Luke 8, Mark 4
Different level of revelatory understanding
- 30-fold (Outer Court)
- 60-fold (Holy Place)
-100-fold (Holy of Holies)
There will be people who will survive the tribulation. We have now reached the 6,000-period transition or 120th Jubilee from Pentecost into Tabernacles, this means that the evangelisation of the nations will continue during the Millennium until death is destroyed.
Micah 4:3 (NKJV)
He shall judge between many peoples,
And rebuke strong nations afar off;
They shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into [a]pruning hooks;
Nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
Neither shall they learn war anymore.
On this account, too, did the Lord assert that the kingdom of heaven was the portion of “the violent;” and He says, “The violent take it by force;” (Mat 11:12) that is, those who by strength and earnest striving axe on the watch to snatch it away on the moment. On this account also Paul the Apostle says to the Corinthians, “Know ye not, that they who run in a racecourse, do all indeed run, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. Every one also who engages in the contest is temperate in all things: now these men [do it] that they may obtain a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible. But I so run, not as uncertainty; I fight, not as One beating the air; but I make my body livid, and bring it into subjection, lest by any means, when preaching to others, I may myself be rendered a castaway.” (1Co 9:24-27) This able wrestler, therefore, exhorts us to the struggle for immortality, that we may be crowned, and may deem the crown precious, namely, that which is acquired by our struggle, but which does not encircle us of its own accord (sed non ultro coalitam).
Still further did He also make it manifest, that we ought, after our calling, to be also adorned with works of righteousness, so that the Spirit of God may rest upon us; for this is the wedding garment, of which also the apostle speaks, “Not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up by immortality.” (2Co 5:4) -
And thus in all things God has the pre-eminence, who alone is uncreated, the first of all things, and the primary cause of the existence of all, while all other things remain under God’s subjection. But being in subjection to God is continuance in immortality, and immortality is the glory of the uncreated One.
For it was necessary, at first, that nature should be exhibited; then, after that, that what was mortal should be conquered and swallowed up by immortality, and the corruptible by incorruptibility, and that man should be made after the image and likeness of God, having received the knowledge of good and evil.
(Ante-Nicene Fathers - Iranaeus - Against Heresies - Book 4 Ch 35-38)
Lastly, In Revelation 21, the heavenly Jerusalem doesn't come down until after the new Heaven and Earth, which are clearly post-Millennium (Revelation 20).
I do not dispute this fact.
iv. Who will be on the earth in the Millennium? Even after the rapture and the vast judgments of the Great Tribulation, there will be many people left on earth. After Jesus returns in glory, He will judge those who survive the Great Tribulation in the judgment of the nations (Mat 25:31-46). This is not a judgment unto salvation, but a judgment of moral worthiness, and entrance into the Millennial Kingdom of Jesus. The unworthy will be sent into eternal damnation, and the worthy will be allowed in Jesus’ Millennial Kingdom.
ii. During the Millennium, the citizens of earth will acknowledge and submit to the Lordship of Jesus. It will be a time of perfectly administrated enforced righteousness on this earth. (Isa 2:1-5)
b. Gather them together to battle: Who will these rebels be? They will be those who survive the Great Tribulation, enter into the Millennial Kingdom, and their descendants. “Infants born during the millennium will live to its conclusion and will not be required to make a choice between the devil and Christ until the end.” (Walvoord)
ix. During the Millennium, saints in their resurrected state will be given responsibility in the Millennial Earth according to their faithful service (Luk 19:11-27, Rev 20:4-6, Rev 2:26-28; Rev 3:12; Rev 3:22, 1Co 6:2-3).
ii. There are degrees of punishment for unbelievers, according to their works (Mat 11:20-24). Here is where they are sentenced to their specific eternal punishment.
So, believing Gentiles, Israel, and resurrected/raptured believers (all of whom have glorified bodies) will occupy the Earth. It should be noted, however, that believers with glorified bodies will not be reproducing. There is no marriage after this life (Matthew 22:30).
Children born during the millennial kingdom will have the responsibility of faith in Christ as all people of past ages have (faith in Christ since His coming; faith in God before—Genesis 15:2-6; Habakkuk 2:4; Romans 3:20). Unfortunately, not all of the children that are born during the millennial kingdom will come to faith in Christ. Those that do not will be led away by Satan into rebellion against God at the end of the millennial kingdom when Satan is let loose for a short time (Revelation 20:7-10).