According to Thomas Aquinas, does "love" towards something always bring "desire" towards that something?

  • 1
    When you say "love," do you mean the Latin word amor or caritas (since Aquinas wrote [primarily] in Latin)?
    – user900
    Dec 31 '15 at 19:18

St. Thomas Aquinas defines love (amor) as something that "belongs to the appetitive [spec., concupiscible] power which is a passive faculty" (Summa Theologica I-II q. 27 a. 1 c.).

"Love (amor) is something pertaining to the appetite". (ibid. I-II q. 26 a. 1 c.)
"Passion is the effect of the agent on the patient." (ibid. I-II q. 26 a. 2 c.)

A sensitive appetite (i.e., an appetite pertaining to the senses) can be concupiscible or irascible. St. Thomas says (ibid. I q. 81 a. 2 c.) that the concupiscible appetitite is that

through which the soul is simply inclined to seek what is suitable, according to the senses, and to fly from what is hurtful

The irascible is that

whereby an animal resists these attacks that hinder what is suitable, and inflict harm

When you say "desire," it seems you mean what St. Thomas calls desire/cupidity or desiderium/cupiditas (cf. ibid. I-II q. 40 a. 1).

Hope might be the irascible analogue of "love" that you're looking for (cf. the aforementioned article).

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