The Bible often speaks of death as "sleep" and Ecclesiastes 9:5 says dead aren't aware of anything. Yet many Christians claim reward or punishment begins immediately when one dies.

If there is really no death, but just immediate transformation from physical to spiritual beings what is death? Why do these same Christians speak about the resurrection which means standing back up to life? I would like a Southern Baptist perspective.

  • Just quickly putting out some basic information. You quote in Ecclesiastes is referring to Sheol, which is a place for the dead. I believe there are some interpretations as to the true nature of Sheol and if or how it may relate to the afterlife Christians believe. I believe the NT references that at some point Jesus is the one to initiate judgement. In this case NT afterlife is a new reality that replaces Sheol in the OT, where presumably the dead were also awaiting the Christ.
    – Adam Heeg
    Oct 21, 2015 at 21:27
  • Conditional or unconditional immortality? Should specify unless maybe it's obvious top Southern Baptists? Can make quite the difference.
    – Joshua
    Dec 28, 2015 at 18:17
  • Missionaries are specifically allowed to speak in tongues, but it is not endorsed. christianitytoday.com/ct/2015/may-web-only/…
    – nickalh
    Aug 9, 2016 at 8:01
  • My church, Convergence is in the Southern Baptist Convention. "In the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit, by whose indwelling the Christian is enabled to live holy and minister super-naturally. The baptism of the Holy Spirit according to Acts 1:4-8 and 2:4 is poured out on believers that they might have power to be witnesses. We also believe that signs and wonders, as well as all the gifts of the Spirit described in the New Testament, are operative today and are designed to testify to the presence of the kingdom and to empower and edify the Church..." convergencechurch.com/what-we-believe/
    – nickalh
    Aug 9, 2016 at 8:03

3 Answers 3


The Southern Baptist position is that we will be resurrected with physical bodies, as they state in The Baptist Faith and Message:

X. Last Things

God, in His own time and in His own way, will bring the world to its appropriate end. According to His promise, Jesus Christ will return personally and visibly in glory to the earth; the dead will be raised; and Christ will judge all men in righteousness. The unrighteous will be consigned to Hell, the place of everlasting punishment. The righteous in their resurrected and glorified bodies will receive their reward and will dwell forever in Heaven with the Lord.

I would not phrase the destination of our resurrection "Heaven", because it does suggest a mode of living far different from what we know now, but they do at least give Revelation 20-21 in the references supporting this position, which teaches the "new heaven and a new earth". Perhaps the lack of clarity here represents a lack of consensus as to whether the new earth should be understood as a renewal, a transformation, a purging, a destruction and recreation, or somewhere else on that spectrum. (To be fair, I doubt that there are many other denominations of comparable size that also wouldn't have a lot of disagreement over the origin of the new earth.) But in any case, it is clear that, whatever a "glorified" body is, our destiny is not to change from a physical to a spiritual being, as the question suggests.

  • 1
    @Pam What? I don't understand what you're saying. Maybe it would help if you explained what you think "alive" vs "dead" mean.
    – curiousdannii
    Oct 29, 2015 at 14:30

As in much of Protestantism, there is much protesting and not much consensus. Because of their strong belief in congregational autonomy (mentioned in the SBC's positional statements while the resurrection is ignored), many Southern Baptists are left to decide for themselves what they think the resurrection will entail as it's not seen as critical a point as things like congregational autonomy, soul competency, and baptism by immersion.

The June 2014 issue of SBC Life affirms my evaluation:

Amillennialists and premillennialists of every variety coexist in all realms of Baptist life, with proponents of each position affirming the inerrancy of Scripture and hardly anyone regarding differing positions on the millennium as an obstacle to cooperation in missions, theological education, evangelism, or cultural engagement.

In my experience in the Southern Baptist church, the prevailing opinion is that the death which (nearly) everyone experiences involves the transition from a sinful, earth-bound being to a sinless, 'spiritual' being in the presence of God.

As mentioned previously, there is no consensus opinion on the second coming (including the resurrection) because it isn't central to Baptistism. Many Southern Baptists interpret St. John's Revelation to mean Christ will destroy all His creation in favor of sustaining them (Southern Baptists) as incorporeal beings. This belief enjoyed enough popularity to cause NT Wright to write a book against it.

According to my Southern Baptist, undergraduate education, they also have an opinion of the second death. It is not, they say, related to any manner of transition but rather a termination of all comfort and pleasantries as they are sustained by God to the ages while being tortured for rejecting Him. They believe the damned are eternally consigned to rebellion against God with no hope of escaping His unimaginable torture.

Unfortunately, I believe any answer on this front is of limited use as I am certain there are Southern Baptists who disagree. This is a reflection of my personal experience and opinion that Southern Baptists are less likely to be concerned with the resurrection than with doctrinal issues such as the perseverance of the Saints, Christian exclusivism, Biblical inerrancy, and predestination.

  • Two ways I think this post could be improved: ① Can you demonstrate that NT Wright wrote that book in response to Southern Baptists? Surely if it had any particular focus, it would be British Anglicans, the people who pay him the most attention? ② The evidence you have presented says only that they are officially flexible at the denominational level on the millennium. How is it then logical to conclude that that means they aren't concerned with the resurrection?!?
    – curiousdannii
    Jan 1, 2016 at 23:37

Well, my education is Free Will Baptist rather than Southern Baptist, but I can give you a straight answer to your question that my Southern Baptist preacher brother in law would sign off on. It is quite simple. When you read, "the wages of sin is death", that death is not referring to your heart stopping, it is indicates eternal damnation and separation from God. What we call death in today's terms is referred to as "sleep" in the scriptures. If we die (our heart stops beating) and we have entrusted our heart to Christ, we will never experience the death referred to in the scriptures but only eternal life.

  • The unrighteous are resurrected for one purpose only and that is judgement which will result in condemnation. This judgement could also be referred to as the judgement of the damned. It will not be attended by those who are under the blood of Christ as their sins have been paid for and are treated as if they never existed. Jan 2, 2016 at 5:09
  • The text in Revelation 20:11-15 is not specific enough to say definitively but does seem to indicate that physical resurrection may well be the case. Not planning on attending personally so I'm not too concerned. Jan 3, 2016 at 22:03

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