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In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly?

Diseases can be deadly and can spread by water, air, and/or bodily fluids. How would the last rites be modified to allow them to be performed while keeping the clerics safe from disease?

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In short, the answer is “yes,” if that is at all possible.

By “last rites” is usually meant the administration of the Sacraments to the dying: namely, the Sacrament of Reconciliation (Confession), the Annointing of the Sick, and the Eucharist, commonly called the Viaticum (the “food for the journey”). (Evidently, Reconciliation and the Eucharist are given only if the patient is conscious and still capable of receiving food or drink.) Have a look at http://www.ibreviary.com/m2/preghiere.php?tipo=Rito&id=229&b=1 for a short form of these rites.

In reality, none of these sacraments poses a significant risk to the priest who administers them, no more than it does for the doctors and nurses who take care of the patients.

In an extreme case, such as with Ebola, the priest would be expected to take the same precautions as the doctors and nurses (such as full body suits, disinfection, and so on).

Note that only the Annointing of the Sick actually involves bodily contact—it entails an annointing of the hands and forehead—and it could be done with appropriate protection, such as gloves, if that were necessary. (See the Code of Canon Law 1000§2. Confession involves no bodily contact at all, and the Eucharist could be given to the patient with gloves, using an instrument, or in a receptacle that could be purified and sterlized afterwards. Any gloves or other clothing that come in contact with the sacred oil or the Eucharist would have to be disposed of reverently, most likely by burning.)

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St. Damien ministered to leper colonies, himself becoming infected with leprosy:
St. Damien

One cannot modify the form or matter of a sacrament without invalidating it.

  • I was about to post an answer about St. Damien until I saw yours. St. Damien is a true example of what the OP's question is asking. Fr. Damien knowingly and willingly went into an infectious disease quarantine zone to work and minister the sacraments. Eventually, he caught the disease (Hansen's Disease) himself and died. – Columbia says Reinstate Monica Aug 18 '17 at 13:59

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