Throughout Luke 4, 'devil' is lowercase. For example:

And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, Being forty days tempted of the devil.

But in Revelation 12:9 it's a capital D:

And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

How did they decide whether or not to capitilise it?

  • There's no rules, it's just personal preference.
    – curiousdannii
    Aug 18, 2015 at 12:44
  • 1
    I've edited to make the question more concretely answerable. Aug 19, 2015 at 1:27
  • Are you a native English Speaker? Do you understand the difference between the definite article (the) and the indefinite article(a or an)? That distinction is related to the difference between a devil and the Devil, as is the usage of proper nouns. Jun 17, 2016 at 15:10
  • Yes, I am a native speaker and I am aware of the definite article, I was more interested in the theological implications of the use of it in a particular situation. May 26, 2017 at 7:40

1 Answer 1


This is more of an English question than a Christianity question, but the basic principles are:

  • Capitalize Satan, Lucifer, Devil, Evil One, Father of Lies, etc., when used as a name or title of a specific being.
  • Do not capitalize when used in a general sense, or when using it as an expletive.

It may be helpful to consider the example of the word "mother" in English: we'd say, "his mother is going to the store," but, on the other hand, "I'd like to go to the store, Mother." In the first case, it's not a name, but it is in the second. However, if the sentences were changed to "The girl Mary is going to the store" and "I'd like to go to the store, Mary," we capitalize both times, because "Mary" is always a name.

Now, to the examples. The KJV always capitalizes the word "Satan". Same thing for Lucifer. These the KJV considers to be clearly names. But, "devil" is different: most of the time, it is not capitalized. It's generally used like the word "mother," or "demon"—not a name, but a simple noun.

That's how it's used in Luke 4:2. If you click the link, you'll see that some translations take a different approach: it can be a judgment call.

In other cases, it's more clear: in Revelation 12:9 many translations capitalize "Devil" (note the phrase, "called the," indicating that it's a name):

And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world (KJV)

Similarly, in John 6:70, all translations use lower-case "devil" because it's very clear that the text is not referring to Satan himself:

Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? (KJV)


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