I'd like to know if there are any non-pacifist Christian traditions or denominations, either historical or contemporary, that object to individual participation in the military as a non-combat chaplain, or to military chaplaincy in general.
I see several possible reasons why Christians might not serve as chaplains:
- A view of pacifism that forbids any connection with the military
- A view of the state that forbids association with the military in this particular capacity (e.g., concerns over state establishment of religion)
- Moral opposition to a particular action that is required of chaplains (such as performing same-sex marriages)
I'm most interested in #2, but also #3. I imagine that there are multiple examples of #1, but that's another question.
Regarding #3, I'm aware that there is ongoing fighting in the U.S. between Christian groups and the Pentagon over what chaplains can and can't do. I'm not looking for an example of one that is fighting, but one that has rejected the idea entirely.