Scripture is explicitly clear that Passover is Nisan 14th. Nisan 15th is the High Sabbath of Feast of Unleavened Bread, and no work could be done, this includes cooking, buying and selling and burying a body. The question is a bit unclear, and has several assumptions built in. In the body of the original question, there are 2 assumptions, which create problems.
- The assumption of the year 33 AD, and
- the Assumption the crucifixion was a Friday.
The entire problem of the confusion about Christ's death, burial and resurrection comes from a lack of understanding of Jewish culture and holidays. First off - In Hebrew, all the 7 feasts are Shabbat - the root of our word Sabbath. So we have weekly Shabbat, and then the 7 feasts which are also Shabbat - Day of Atonement, Pentecost, Feast of Booths, etc.
All feasts are Shabbat, but not all are high sabbath, or more specifically - on some, no work was allowed all all, not even cooking.
Passover is a feast, but is there is a lot of work involved in making a fire and slaughtering a lamb, before the priests did this in the temple. Passover was the day of Preparation before the High Sabbath of Feast of Unleavened Bread in which no work could be done. The special commands of "no servile work" was not given for Passover.
https://www.blueletterbible.org/faq/crux.cfm "Please note, the Passover is not a High Sabbath day, this important fact is often overlooked. You can tell because the usual command for a sabbath of "an holy convocation and no servile work is to be done," is not given for Passover. So while Passover is a feast day, it is not a sabbath day."
It was however given for Feast of Unleavened Bread, Nisan 15th. This also included no buying or selling, nor burying a body. Dick H cites 2 passages that mention "the day before the Sabbath". He cited these passages as evidence that the crucifixion was Friday, but it's the same mistake the Church made. The church assumed this was the weekly Sabbath, but in the original Greek, Matthew 28:1 says Sabbaths plural.
"What the Bible says about After the Sabbaths (From Forerunner Commentary)
Matthew 28:1 provides additional proof of two Sabbaths occurring that week. However, the Bible's translators, confused by the Greek wording of this verse, have consistently mistranslated it. Matthew writes, "Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn . . . ." The wording of the original text, though, reads, "after the Sabbaths" - plural! Richard T. Ritenbaugh"
There are two nails in the coffin of the Friday Myth.
- First is the words of Christ himself - The only sign that Christ gave that He was the Messiah was the sign of the Prophet Jonah. What was the sign of Jonah?
Jonah 17:1 And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights." Christ quotes Jonah and repeats the exact words from the Prophet, in Matthew 12:40 "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)
"What about the sign of Jonah?
"Was the prophet in the great fish's belly for a complete 72 hours? The marginal note in Bullinger's Companion Bible for Jonah 1:17 reads: "Three days and three nights. The Hebrew idiom 'three days' can be used for parts of three days (and even of years): but not when the word 'nights' is added" (our emphasis). By the addition of "nights," the expression becomes more specific, precluding the idea of "parts" of days!"
https://www.bibletools.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/Library.sr/CT/CGGBOOKLETS/k/419/After-Three-Days.htm Multiple Jewish rabbis confirm that typical custom of "Jewish inclusive reckoning" - counting parts of a day as a whole day - does not apply in passages where the text explicitly says 3 days and 3 nights, or 40 days and 40 nights, etc.
- The second nail in the coffin of the Friday myth is the spices.
The text explicitly says the "women rested on the sabbath" and then "bought spices after the Sabbath". This is not possible at all with a Friday crucifixion - just before sundown.
In the first century, the only light besides the sun, moon and stars was candles/ torches. It was forbidden to buy and sell on the weekly Sabbath. Think about it.
Merchants would not have taken all their goods to the market, and set up shop in the dark after the sabbath ended on Saturday night. It was not only impractical, but a safety risk of being robbed.
This is also why a Thursday crucifixion doesn't work at all.
The women rested on the high sabbath of Unleavened bread, - Wed night & Thursday Day.
- Bought spices on Friday, "After the Sabbath" -being after the high Sabbath of Unleavened bread. Then they rested on the Weekly Sabbath of Friday evening, Saturday day.
Also, the points made by multiple people that there were at least 3 calendars in use at the time are correct. Besides the calendar used by the Romans - there was a calendar used by the Essenes, the Pharisees and the Sadducees.
This is also confirmed by the Jewish historian Josephus who wrote of the hundreds of thousands of people in Jerusalem for Passover. It would have been physically impossible for all the priests to sacrifice all the lambs on one day.
This also explains the issue of how Christ and his disciples ate the Passover meal, and yet he was crucified on Passover.
A 33 AD crucifixion also is a huge problem because it makes Christ too old. He was born about 3 or 4 BC, and scripture says that he was about 30 when we started his ministry and the Gospels record 3 Passovers in his ministry, so this fits with a 30 AD date and age of 33.
Furthermore, in Jewish burial customs, it is believed that the spirit lingers near the body for 3 days, and one could be in a coma. After 3 days - the spirit does not remain, and thus making resurrection impossible. This is why the "resurrection" cannot be explained by the "Coma theory" but most importantly, we see three examples in scripture of someone dying and being dead for at least 3 days and 3 nights.
- and the 2 witnesses in Revelation 11:3-12.