What are the differences between the Book of Mormon and the Bible? How are they similar? What do they have in common?
Please provide an overview of the major differences. I prefer a Mormon perspective.
The Book of Mormon has a much greater consistency of style than does the Bible, which is much more clearly the work of many authors over a period of centuries. In the Bible, only Mark's Gospel has sentences frequently begin with 'And', whereas sentences frequently begin with 'And' in any book within the Book of Mormon. This consistency seems somewhat unlikely to have resulted from translation, and suggests that the various authors of the Book of Mormon were influenced to adopt the same style as Mark.
In the Book of Mormon many sentences start with an extension through to 'And it came to pass ...': opening the pages at random, I see Jacob 5:25: "And it came to pass that when the Lord of the vineyard ..." and Alma 50:35: "And it came to pass that the army which was sent ..." The Mormon community maintained a surprisingly consistent literary style over many centuries.
The Old Testament never mentions Jesus by name, and passages often interpreted as referring to the Messiah are seen as having other possible interpretations. The Book of Mormon directly mentions Jesus Christ by name more than 500 years before his birth (2 Nephi 20: "... and as the Lord God liveth, there is none other name given under heaven save it be this Jesus Christ, of which I have spoken, whereby man can be saved."
The New Testament is somewhat ambiguous as to when Jesus was born. In the Book of Mormon, 3 Nephi 1:19 tells us that the date of Jesus' birth was unmistakable because there was no night that day, right across the world; a footnote tells us the exact year - 1 AD.
The Old Testament was written in Hebrew, with some Aramaic in places, then translated into Greek, while the New Testament was written wholly in Greek. They were translated into Latin and then various styles of English, including the somewhat archaic KJV English (and into other languages used around the world). The Book of Mormon was first translated in 1830 into the English of the KJV Bible and subsequently translated from English into other languages around the world.
The Bible and the Book of Mormon both have similar objectives: persuade people to believe in God and live peaceful/productive lives. In terms of theology and doctrine, most of what is in the Bible and the Book of Mormon is unproveable and must be taken on faith.
To understand the differences between the BOM and the Holy Bible, we first must look at these two volumes of scripture within the context of their similarities. So here is what they have in common:
Here are the significant points of difference between the Bible and the Book of Mormon:
And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd." Mormons believe that Jesus visited the people on the American continent shortly after His ascension spoken of in the Bible.
Most theology of Book of Mormon is similar to the Bible's.However, these five distinctive theological positions are Mormon's, I gather:
Though I am not a Mormon, I ( now this is a subjective statement, not part of the answer) find Mormon position on children and non-Christians is generous compared to orthodox Christianity's. It is more closer to people general perception of God's justice and mercy.