I get this from the book of Jude. I know the meaning of the chapter as a whole it's just that this verse stuck out. Does anyone have a clue on this event? Here is the verse for reference.

Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. [Jde 1:9 KJV]


It appears that the author of Jude was quoting from an apocryphal Jewish scroll known as the Assumption of Moses.

Origen stated in De principiis, III,2,1:

"We have now to notice, agreeably to the statements of Scripture, how the opposing powers, or the devil himself, contends with the human race, inciting and instigating men to sin. And in the first place, in the book of Genesis, the serpent is described as having seduced Eve; regarding whom, in the work entitled The Ascension of Moses (a little treatise, of which the Apostle Jude makes mention in his Epistle), the archangel Michael, when disputing with the devil regarding the body of Moses, says ..."

A fragment of the Assumption of Moses has been discovered, but it does not include the account of Michael and the devil disputing over the body of Moses, which means that we can not say how this account played out, or why the author of Jude chose to mention it, apart from its apparent support for Jude's theology.

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    How does this answer: Why was the Angel Michael fighting the Devil for Moses' body?
    – user13992
    Feb 11 '15 at 3:13
  • @FMS The only two places we can go in order to answer that are Jude itself, and Assumption of Moses. Jude does not tell us, and we do not know what the earlier text says, nor whether it could be regarded as a reliable account of any such dispute. "Does anyone have a clue on this event?" suggests that the questioner was interested in any properly argued answer that explained where the author of Jude obtained his reference, even if we can never say what the original story was. I think everything else is opinion. Feb 11 '15 at 3:39

My reading of the Navarre New Testament Compact Edition's note to Jude 8-13 (RSVCE) is that the devil wanted to use Moses' body to incite the children of Israel to sin [idolatry].

To Illustrate the sinfulness of these offences against the angels, the sacred writer uses a popular legend recorded in the apocryphal Assumption of Moses, according to which, when St. Michael was preparing to bury Moses' body, the devil tried to wrest it from him. St. Michael prevented him from doing so, but he did the devil no hurt; he simply appealed to the judgment of God.

The writer provides three further biblical examples to show the evildoing of the false teachers - Cain (Gen 4:3), Balaam (Num 31:16; Rev 2:14; cf. 2 Pet 2:15), and Korah and his followers who rebelled against Moses (Num 16).

The false teachers are quite happy to attend Christian assembles, but they lead an immoral life and cause scandal.

This is confrimed by

St. Michael concealed the tomb of Moses; Satan, however, by disclosing it, tried to seduce the Jewish people to the sin of hero-worship. St. Michael also guards the body of Eve, according to the "Revelation of Moses" ("Apocryphal Gospels", etc., ed. A. Walker, Edinburgh, p. 647). - Source: St. Michael the Archangel | New Advent.

  • Where do you see a reference to idolatry in that note? Feb 10 '15 at 19:55
  • It is now sin [idolatry] - that's the devil's end goal.
    – user13992
    Feb 10 '15 at 19:57
  • A pdf of the Assumption of Moses (what we have of it) is available here: thefishersofmenministries.com/THE%20ASSUMPTION%20OF%20MOSES.pdf. This makes no mention of Michael or a dispute over the body of Moses. Do you have a better copy? ( have seen reconstructions that are probably at least partly based on Jude, but any such reconstruction does not tell us what the document really said, and if it uses Jude, this is a circular proof to this question.) Feb 11 '15 at 3:56
  • The New Advent Article references this: ("Apocryphal Gospels", etc., ed. A. Walker, Edinburgh, p. 647). My take is to find out what I quoted in my answer and perhaps why it said what it said, this is the source that needs to be tracked down. But for the purpose of this site, I believe my post has answered the question.
    – user13992
    Feb 11 '15 at 5:49

In addition to Bye's good answer, I would like to add the following.

Uptill this point only one other person has ever ascended to heaven (from the written record) - that was Enoch. The major difference between Enoch and Moses was that Moses was resurrected from death while Enoch was translated alive.

Paul says in Romans,

Romans 5:14, 17: Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come... For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)

Death reigned from Adam to Moses - The power of death over the human race was hitherto unbroken. Death seemed to rule with an Iron Scepter. Satan who is the father of sin and thus the originator of death apparently had that unbroken power - Once you die, no matter how true you were to God, you belong to Satan (as everyone who sins are children of satan).

But now - Wow, death's power was broken! and a captive of Satan was being led away by Michael toward heaven. If this would happen to everyone who would obey God.... Satan could not permit it.

That's why he contends when Michael came to retrieve Moses.

  • 1
    Wow, thanks for quoting Romans 5:14... Death reigned from Adam to Moses, how profound. Always knew this was the case but couldn't pin point the exact verse from the Bible.
    – Beestocks
    Feb 14 '15 at 2:36
  • @Beestocks Glory be to God
    – One Face
    Feb 14 '15 at 14:40
  • According to 1 Corinthians 15:20–23, Christ was the first to be resurrected. I'm not sure about the distinction you're drawing when you say that Enoch was translated alive but Moses was resurrected. May 29 '16 at 22:09

Michael fought over Moses' body because Moses needed his body still to appear to Jesus in the future, when he appeared on Mount Hermon (Matthew 17:1–4). Enoch had his body too: he was taken alive with his fleshly body.

The spirit of Jesus did not appear to the Apostles alone: Jesus had his body too.(Luke 24:37–43)


This is generally thought to refer to:

Zechariah 3:1and 2 Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him. 2 And the LORD said to Satan, "The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?"

Where the body of Moses enters the picture is:

Deuteronomy 34:5 through 39 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD. 6 And He buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, opposite Beth Peor; but no one knows his grave to this day. 7 Moses was one hundred and twenty years old when he died. His eyes were not dim nor his natural vigor diminished. 8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days. So the days of weeping and mourning for Moses ended. 9 Now Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom, for Moses had laid his hands on him; so the children of Israel heeded him, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Moses is the acknowledged author of the Pentateuch, but he obviously was not the one who described his death. Deuteronomy 34:5 through 39 is attributed to Joshua by most Bible students. And if we go back to chapter 3 of Zechariah we find that it is about Joshua and God anointing him to carry on for Moses. I will not quote it here for the sake of brevity, but you can read it for yourself.

Hope this helps.

  • I never thought about who finished the book and it would make sense that Joshua would be the one. I'm still curious of the reason why the devil wanted Moses' body, but what you posted did give me a little bit more clarity.
    – Dvilla
    Feb 9 '15 at 1:26
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    +1 I like the verses you quoted. On a side note, Joshua the high priest is a different Joshua, Zachariah is written around the time of the rebuilding of the temple, see 1:1. Still it not merely a coincidence that there are more than one Joshua in the Bible, the root word for Joshua is the same as Jesus (God saves us), and sometimes serves as a foreshadowing of Jesus' ministry.
    – Beestocks
    Feb 9 '15 at 2:28

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