The passage of Exodus 3:14, where God presents Himself as «I am that I am», is it historically previous to Parmenides, the greek philosopher?
I'm reading a manual on metaphysics as the ontology, and since like the name states, we're studying what is meant by 'to be'. If I'm not mistaken, this study of being, and 'to be' was started with Parmenides. I would like to know which came first, Scripture or the philosopher, and was there some influence between the two? Is this an analogous case to St.Paul's, where 'his' writings showed influences of a specific philosophy?
Edit From some of the comments it seems that the passage of the Bible predates the philosopher by a millennium. If so, is there some evidence of a possible influence this seemingly seminal passage might have had on the origin of some greek philosophy?