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What is the value of the physical body in mainstream Christianity? Sometimes it seems to be very negative and to encourage one to concentrate primarily or even almost solely on the spiritual realm.

Other times looking after the body with Biblical references to it as a temple for the holy spirit and the like.

What is the mainstream Christian view of the physical body?

Specifically, I'd like to compare and contrast the understanding of the body as found in the Gospel of Thomas with Nicene Christianity. Are the two incompatible?

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    Your question can only be answered from a Denominational standpoint as different Denominations have differing values of the human body. – BYE Oct 10 '14 at 12:57
  • I'm trying to drive at the discussion found in the top comment here. christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/33570/… Advice on edits welcome. – Reluctant_Linux_User Oct 10 '14 at 13:05
  • @Bye The OP wants to understand the difference between Nicene and Gnostic interpretations of the body. – Affable Geek Oct 10 '14 at 14:50
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    This edit isn't quite what I was going for. I don't want to compare it with gnosticism, I wanted to compare Pauline Christianity and the views presented in the gospel of Thomas. I don't think gnostic is a useful term here: it is far too general and vague: comparing Valentinus to the author of the Gospel of Judas and calling them all the same doesn't make sense to me. – Reluctant_Linux_User Oct 10 '14 at 16:29
  • cf. This page in CCC and this one as well. – user13992 Oct 10 '14 at 20:33
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Mainstream Christianity views the body as the temple of Christ. The tool with which God uses to do good on the Earth He created.

1st Corinthians 6:18-20 my friend...

18 Flee immorality. Every other sin that a man commits is outside the body, but the immoral man sins against his own body. 19 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own? 20 For you have been bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body.

God told us that He lives within us, doing His works through the Holy Spirit which has come down upon us.


The Holy Spirit decending on His followers...

(Acts 2:2-4)

Jesus sends the Holy Spirit in the form of fiery tongues on His Apostles and disciples.

Holy Spirit decending


Catholic Church in Nicene Christianity...

The Roman Catholic Church (a main part of Nicene Christianity) does not regard the body as inherently evil, but rather, prone to distractions and temptations. It is with the Spirit that one must cleanse his mind and try to do what Jesus would have done. Since He was without sin, the ultimate goal in our faith is to be examples of Our Savior.

This is not only the belief of the Catholic Church, but of nearly all Nicene Christianity denominations. It happens to be very clear in one of the oldest Christian churches, and is acted upon regularly in the Catholic Faith.

With little faith, the body is extremely harmful to the soul. Therefore, we as Catholics do Penance and examine our conscience for faults.

http://www.ewtn.com/library/prayer/examconscience.htm


In contrast to Gnosticism...

Gnosticism believes that all matter itself is evil of its own nature.

This shows that there is a great dualism between Gnosticism and Nicene Christianity.

The principles of Gnosticism contradict what it means to be a Christian. Therefore, while some forms of Gnosticism may claim to be Christian, they are in fact decidedly non-Christian.

Read more: http://www.gotquestions.org/Christian-gnosticism.html#ixzz3FkyexRXP

Quote from http://www.religioustolerance.org/gnostic2.htm :

[Gnosticism believes] Duality of spirit and body: Spirit is of divine origin and good; the body is inherently earthly and evil. Gnostics were hostile to the physical world, to matter and the human body.

Here's an entry on the New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia discussing what Gnosticism is (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06592a.htm) One can see that the prevailing argument negatively labels it in relation to mainstream Christianity.


In contrast to the 'Gospel of Thomas'...

One person's interpretation of the 'Gospel of Thomas' from Misericordia University (http://users.misericordia.edu/davies/thomas/faq.htm):

Is the Gospel of Thomas Gnostic?

It all depends on what you mean by Gnostic. If you mean by Gnostic the belief that people have a divine capacity within themselves and that they can come to understand that the Kingdom of God is already upon the earth if they can come to perceive the world that way then Thomas is Gnostic. But if you mean by Gnostic the religion upon which the Nag Hammadi texts are based, a religion that differentiates the god of this world (who is the Jewish god) from a higher more abstract God, a religion that regards this world as the creation of a series of evil archons/powers who wish to keep the human soul trapped in an evil physical body then no, Thomas is not Gnostic. This differentiation is very important, because some scholars reason that if Thomas is Gnostic (in the first sense) then it is Gnostic (in the second sense) and, as they believe, Gnosticism (in the second sense) is a second or third century heresy, they conclude that the Gospel of Thomas is heretical, late in date, and without very much historical value in regard to Jesus of Nazareth.

While this quote may be heavily biased, it brings to light somewhat of a split within Gnosticism that is believed by many Gnostic people even though no documentation is given to support it. This separation of 'modern' Gnosticism is the distancing from heretical teachings that have been nearly universal in Gnostic beliefs (probably in order to gain acceptance).

To clear up the Catholic Church's perspective on the Gospel of Thomas, you might read these two questions 1 2 on http://www.catholic.com/

It can be seen that the Gospel of Thomas is not recognized as canonical scripture by Catholicism. Also, it is rather more apparent that the 'Gospel of Thomas' is a Gnostic book and that Gnostic books are heretical to mainstream Christianity.


To sum it up...

Nicene Christians believe that the body must be used in a way that is directed by, and pleasing to God Almighty. God sent His Son to redeem us from our faults, and sent His Holy Spirit to watch over us from within. Gnosticism is not Christianity and is entirely contrary to Nicene Christianity in this respect. We must only pray that He may give us the strength to ratify our actions.

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  • This is a good start, but it would be much better if you could talk about what Gnostics believe, specifically in regards to the body (namely that all matter is inherently evil)... – Affable Geek Oct 10 '14 at 15:47
  • @AffableGeek Thanks. I added another quote on Gnostic beliefs within the realm of the body. – HelpingHand Oct 10 '14 at 15:58

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