A related question asks about Catholic practice (of using a common cup).

In some Protestant Churches — I’ve experienced this myself in both Baptist and Free Churches — the wine at the Communion service is poured into small glasses and distributed amongst the congregation. Everyone drinks their glass at the same time.

The Biblical account tells us that Jesus used a single cup at the Last Supper. While it seems many Protestant Churches attach paramount importance to the Biblical account, why do they not follow suit in using a common cup?

  • Please explain why you call it the blood of Christ in the title but not in the question.
    – curiousdannii
    Jan 6, 2015 at 22:01
  • @curiousdannii The title mirrors the linked question. The body of the post is more sensitive to likely Protestant doctrine. [The capitals in the title betray my own viewpoint. Sorry about that.] Jan 6, 2015 at 22:21
  • 1
    Ahh. Well would you mind if we changed the title to just say communion wine? There certainly could be questions about how protestants think about the wine as the blood, but this one is more about their practices.
    – curiousdannii
    Jan 6, 2015 at 22:45
  • I don't see a problem with the title, it says "Blood of Christ", not "blood of Christ". The Blood of Christ is a title some may give to the communion wine, and in fact some protestants even use it when distributing the wine, saying "The Blood of Christ, shed for you." and "The Body of Christ, broken for you." May 27, 2015 at 8:20

3 Answers 3


Because they want to.

As stated already in other answers, they may use more than one cup for sanitary or efficiency purposes. But the real answer is that the issue of whether or not the communion liquid* is distributed in one vessel or several is a non-doctrinal, purely preferential issue with most Protestants. Jesus may have used one cup, but most Protestants don't believe this was meant to be a strict representation of how the Lord's Supper must be performed.

Personal Anecdote: I grew up in a church body that used little plastic cups. We probably did that because it would have taken forever to get everyone through a line to one liquid source. I'm in a church body now that does communion in smaller groups, so we each break off a piece of bread and dip it in one cup of wine. To Protestants it's just a matter of preference.

*Protestants don't believe it's literally Christ's blood. They believe it's just juice/wine that is meant to be symbolic.

  • 1
    "Protestants don't believe it's literally Christ's blood." — this is factually incorrect. The Lutheran view is... well, "nuanced", and according to Wikipedia, is also incorrect for at least Anglicans and Methodists, and possibly others. (It's less clear whether those non-Lutherans follow the Lutheran beliefs or are closer to the Catholic belief that the elements are "literally Christ's blood".) Good answer otherwise, though.
    – Matthew
    Aug 19, 2021 at 12:51
  • I have seen the setup done; whether by accident or design I don't know, but it is all passed through one container. Not all at once, for a container large enough would be unwieldy, but all through the same container all the same.
    – Joshua
    Feb 15, 2022 at 4:54

Further to the answers mentioning hygiene as a reason to use separate cups, This is only a partial reason as we need to explain why some Protestants should be more concerned about hygiene than others, or than Catholics. Are members of some denominations inherently less hygienic than others, or is there some other reason?

Many denominations, and congregations, use unfermented grape juice, rather than wine, as discussed in this question. Ordinary wine contains alcohol and this is widely believed to have disinfectant properties. The Church of England is one Protestant denomination which uses a shared chalice, and in this statement the Bishop of Gloucester cites the alcoholic content as killing germs and making it safe to share.

I suspect there is a very strong correlation between the use of non-alcoholic wine and the use of separate cups.


Luke 22;11,15,17,19,20

11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

17 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this and divide it among yourselves:

19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in rememberance of me.

20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

I believe verse 17 answers the question, apparently they were told to divide what they were given.

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    Hmm. That hinges on the translation of a single word διαμερισατε, which could easily be translated as share among rather than divide among; and I counter that passage with Mark 14:23, where they all drank of a single cup. Apr 13, 2014 at 9:32
  • As you wish, that seems to be the norm.
    – V. Rollins
    Apr 13, 2014 at 12:27
  • It's a perfectly legitimate interpretation of the text. How are they to share it among themselves, then eat of the bread, and then drink the distributed fruit of the vine, without some implement for each of them to hold their portion?
    – EvilSnack
    May 7, 2020 at 1:53

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