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Christians attend church on Sundays, they sing, listen to a pastor speak, etc. When did such a concept first appeared? Did the early Christians practice this? or is this 'attending church' a medieval tradition from the Roman Catholic church?

  • Good question. I'm not sure whether Christians made up this up all by themselves or got this idea from the Jews. – Double U Mar 19 '14 at 0:38
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    Have you read the New Testament? – The Preacher Mar 19 '14 at 2:28
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    See this question for a summary of where Christians met in the first 500 years of Christianity. – DJClayworth Feb 16 '16 at 18:25
  • The NT talks about homes being used for church buildings. It was natural for larger more God-glorifying buildings to be used when Christianity became legal in the fourth century. – Sola Gratia Aug 22 '18 at 21:33
  • @SolaGratia There's nothing inherently more God-glorifying in a large chapel compared to a small Christian's home, and considering that many cathedrals are really the evidence of the church's past greed and extravagance, I'd say it's more likely to be the reverse. – curiousdannii Aug 22 '18 at 23:45
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In the earliest days of the church Christians met in the Temple in Jerusalem and in each others homes. (Acts 2:26)

The Apostles would preach in the Jewish synagogues, often evangelistically, but sometimes even at the invitation of the other Jews. (See Acts 13 for example)

They would meet in lecture halls, such as the Hall of Tyrannus in Ephesus. (Acts 19:9)

The New Testament doesn't mention purpose built church buildings, and in the New Testament era the most common meeting place for Christians was in each others' homes.

The earliest known church building is the Dura-Europos church, which was converted from a regular house in around 233-256AD.

1

I presume you mean something separate from preaching in Jewish synagogues (which Acts describes) or gatherings in house-churches (which Acts also describes).

You can see from the list of oldest known churches that dedicated buildings for Christian gathering were quite old, preceding the Middle Ages. You will see that there are few churches (that we know of) that were built before the mid fourth century - this is largely because it would have been illegal before the Edict of Toleration (and unlikely before the Edict of Milan). The list includes one church from 52 AD, founded by St. Thomas (the Apostle) in India.

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This was a Comment but seems relevant to the question.

Saturday is actually the Sabbath day, the day in which God Rested.

Sunday is the first day of the week.

Sunday was the traditional day for Studying God's word.
They didn't attend church on Saturdays because they rested on that day and attended church on Sunday for study and fellowship (mostly fellowship) this is why they met in other people's homes.

Addition

Believers came together in homes and temples and fields on the day they would have normally been in Synagogues and other places of learning (places teaching about Jewish religion). They did this to learn about the things that Jesus was all about, that is the reason for "Church". this is one of the stepping stones into why we have "Church" and "Church buildings", and why we go to "Church"

the thing of it is that they really had this ritual of Studying on the first day of the week all along, the Christians just decided to do it where the teacher was, when Jesus went to prepare a place for us, the believers of that time decided they needed a more permanent place to fellowship. so really what happened was a change of Religion, not a change in the meeting habits.

even today when new church is formed it usually starts as a weekly meeting of a group of people that meet in each other's homes, and when there are too many people to meet inside of one person's home then they start thinking about buying a building and making a "Church Home" for their group to meet in.

The Meeting has always been the same, the Place is what changes between groups.

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    Not really an answer to the question. – DJClayworth Mar 19 '14 at 14:55
  • how is it not? believers came together in homes and temples and fields on the day they would have normally been in Synagogues and other places of learning religious beliefs. they did this to learn about the things that Jesus was all about, that is the reason for "Church" – Malachi Mar 19 '14 at 15:06
  • The question is about how and when the change came from meeting in houses to meeting in special buildings. You don't say anything about that. – DJClayworth Mar 19 '14 at 15:09
  • @DJClayworth, True.... is that a little better? that kind of answers the question, doesn't it? – Malachi Mar 19 '14 at 15:26
  • Genesis lists the sun's creation on day four, not day one. And that's tangential to the discussion anyway; it's not really necessary for the answer. – Ryan Frame Mar 19 '14 at 16:24

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