Has the matter of when the Hades and the lake of fire were created ever been considered in Christianity? Were they, for example, created before the fall of man or afterwards? Are there any well-known works devoted to this topic? Any major common thoughts?
The Bible gives us no information as to when Hell and the lake of fire were or possibly when the lake of fire will be created.
Hell is first mentioned in:
Deuteronomy 32:22 KJV
For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
and the lake of fire is first mentioned in:
Revelation 19:20 KJV
And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
From what I can determine from my study is that Hell existed prior to Deuteronomy 32:22, but as for the Lake of fire there is a possibility that it does not yet exist and may be created just prior to the great white throne judgment since:
Rev 20:10 and 11 KJV
10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
The lake of fire most probably does not now exist and will most likely be created as a permanent place for punishment of Satan and the fallen Angels:
Matthew 25:41 KJV
Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: