I read an article yesterday about Pope Francis announcing a day of fasting on Sept. 7th for the situation in Syria. According to Catholic/Orthodox/Anglican doctrine, exactly how does my fasting affect violent situations in the middle East?

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    Some demons can only be driven out by prayer and fasting!
    – Peter Turner
    Sep 4 '13 at 14:41

Our own wickedness is the cause of the wickedness around the world. Personal fasting is a sign of personal repentance that, it is hoped, will lead God to mitigate similar evils in the world.

Pope Francis said this:

“We will gather in prayer and in a spirit of penance, invoking God’s great gift of peace upon the beloved nation of Syria and upon each situation of conflict and violence around the world. Humanity needs to see these gestures of peace and to hear words of hope and peace.”

The full text of his September 1st Angelus Address can be found here.

In making this proclamataion, he joins thousands of others in explicitly seeing the fallen condition of the world not merely a result of some generic sin, but our sin. In calling us to fast, he is calling us to repent of our part in making this world a fallen place.

During the American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln called us to a similar fast. He asked the nation to "fast and humble" itself as an outward manifestation of our repentance. The full text can be seen here. Within that, he wrote a justification as follows:

And, insomuch as we know that, by His divine law, nations like individuals are subjected to punishments and chastisements in this world, may we not justly fear that the awful calamity of civil war, which now desolates the land, may be but a punishment, inflicted upon us, for our presumptuous sins, to the needful end of our national reformation as a whole People? We have been the recipients of the choicest bounties of Heaven. We have been preserved, these many years, in peace and prosperity. We have grown in numbers, wealth and power, as no other nation has ever grown. But we have forgotten God. We have forgotten the gracious hand which preserved us in peace, and multiplied and enriched and strengthened us; and we have vainly imagined, in the deceitfulness of our hearts, that all these blessings were produced by some superior wisdom and virtue of our own. Intoxicated with unbroken success, we have become too self-sufficient to feel the necessity of redeeming and preserving grace, too proud to pray to the God that made us!

It behooves us then, to humble ourselves before the offended Power, to confess our national sins, and to pray for clemency and forgiveness.

In a nutshell - God is punishing us by bringing these events to come to pass. Maybe if we show our contrition for what we have done, God will relent.

The idea is both simple and has a long basis in history.

Indeed, Paul, in Romans acknowledges the link, in Romans 1:

28 Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done. 29 They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice.

The people of Nineveh, when confronted by Jonah (in Chapter 3), made almost the exact same leap:

6 When Jonah’s warning reached the king of Nineveh, he rose from his throne, took off his royal robes, covered himself with sackcloth and sat down in the dust. 7 This is the proclamation he issued in Nineveh:

“By the decree of the king and his nobles:

Do not let people or animals, herds or flocks, taste anything; do not let them eat or drink. 8 But let people and animals be covered with sackcloth. Let everyone call urgently on God. Let them give up their evil ways and their violence. 9 Who knows? God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.”

10 When God saw what they did and how they turned from their evil ways, he relented and did not bring on them the destruction he had threatened.

The logic is simple:

  1. Violence is a result of our wickedness
  2. We are sorry for this
  3. Perhaps if God sees our sorrow, he will relent, and change the situation.
  • Lincoln truly was a moral hero of his day!
    – user5286
    Sep 4 '13 at 15:53
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    +1 But I am a little bit surprised that you did not include the classic verse 2 Chronicles 7:14 ("if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will I hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and will heal their land." [NIV]). Admittedly, explaining how that applies (and does not apply) would add significant length without adding much content. Sep 4 '13 at 21:15

It's not the fasting that affects violent situations in the Middle East, it's what God leads you to do next.

Fasting is a spiritual discipline that helps you focus on God. It's a sacrifice that underscores the seriousness of your prayers. Hunger reminds you to pray and meditate. God responds to prayer by guiding you to actions that you can take to help. You can also choose to donate the money you'd be spending on food to a relevant organization.

If you choose to fast on Sept. 7, you will be a part of a large group of people who are asking God for peace in Syria. God responds by guiding people to their part in the solution. Peace happens when we all do our part.

  • Partially true. It helps us in our response to God. But fasting and praying will not restore peace to Syria. Only people preaching and responding to the Gospel could do that. Why? because if they truly believed they would start loving. Begging God to bring peace to the world will not do anything.
    – hookenz
    Sep 5 '13 at 23:38
  • A call to prayer and fasting is an important beginning to a great many things. Some of those people "begging" God for peace might find that the answer is to get up and start preaching the gospel in places like Syria. Sep 11 '13 at 15:23

I would add by giving this premise

in Matt 18:18 - “Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

Our prayers affect the spiritual realm which in turn affect the physical realm. For example I imagine that SOME denomination's prayer on Sept 7 would go something along the lines of "We bind the works of the enemy and release the spirit of hope and love..."

In Daniel 10:12-14 - tells how an Angel was on his way to answer Daniel's prayer but was delayed the prince of persia (not a real prince but a spiritual power over persia) again the principle holds true.

We pray in the physical the words are reflected in the spiritual realm the spiritual realm resolves it (God does what he needs to do) it is manifested in the physical in the form of miracles and answered prayer

While this applies to prayer in general, keep in mind that fasting IS prayer + abstinence so this principle should also apply. The logical next question would be what would fasting do that regular prayer can't?

From what I've read of scripture, fasting is almost a forsaking of your personal well being for the supplication of another or situation or circumstance. If prayer is potent, fasting is even more so. It is clear with many examples in the Old testament and today (just ask for testimonies of many Christians who fast) that fasting is almost like a more potent version of prayer. (this is just by observation so I can't give you any imperical evidence im afraid).

The greater the need the greater the supplication just like in Mark 9. The disciples could not cast out the demon (even though they could in previous instances) what's different in Mark 9 was the boy was possessed over a long period of time. in verse 23 Jesus famously says "this kind can only be cast out by prayer and fasting".

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