Concerning baptism, you should baptize this way: After first explaining all things, baptize in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, in flowing water. But if you have no running water, baptize in other water; and if you cannot do so in cold water, then in warm. If you have very little, pour water three times on the head in the name of Father and Son and Holy Spirit. Before the baptism, both the baptizer and the candidate for baptism, plus any others who can, should fast. The candidate should fast for one or two days beforehand.
According to this old document(~70 AD), here are four possible ways of Baptism, in order of preference.
- Running water (Ocean, River etc.)
- Still and cold water (Lake, pool, tanks etc.)
- Still but warm water
- Pouring on the head 3 times (least and exceptional case)
This article on Immersion Baptism is also in favor of immersion. Catechism of the Catholic Church 1239 says
The essential rite of the sacrament follows: Baptism properly speaking. It signifies and actually brings about death to sin and entry into the life of the Most Holy Trinity through configuration to the Paschal mystery of Christ. Baptism is performed in the most expressive way by triple immersion in the baptismal water. However, from ancient times it has also been able to be conferred by pouring the water three times over the candidate's head.
As per the CCC, there are two types of Baptism, immersion and pouring. Which one is in common practice today? Which one is preferred today?
Is immersion still practiced in Catholic Parishes today?