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As with reference to the verse Matthew 5:13

13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.

Why did Jesus refer to people as salt? Why it is so important as many more valuables are available in this world?

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In early times, salt was substantially more significant than it is today. (E.g., see the etymology for salarium at Wikipedia.)

Salt has some association with holiness; it was part of the grain offerings (Leviticus 2:13 [NIV]):

Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings, add salt to all your offerings.

This contrasts with verse 11 (NIV) prohibiting the inclusion of yeast:

'Every grain offering you bring to the LORD must be made without yeast, for you are not to burn any yeast or honey in an offering made to the LORD by fire.

In 1 Corinthians 5:8, Paul associates yeast with "malice and wickedness" (NIV).

Salt is also important as a preservative and a seasoning. This points to the fact that Christians are supposed to be positively effective in the world.

Perhaps most significantly salt is similar to light (another image Jesus used) in being beneficial, distinctive (salty is a major aspect of the sense of taste, light defines the sense of sight), powerful (a little salt or light goes a long way), present in the world (salt was part of everyday life, a light is not hidden under a basket), and even a bit disruptive or annoying (e.g., early morning light can be annoying when one is tired, salt can be similarly unpleasant) while also being attractive (one tends to be drawn to eating salty foods not unlike how one tends to be drawn to a lighted area).

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    +1 Very interesting. The verse in 1 Corinthians you cited takes on deeper meaning when you consider that salt kills yeast. – Dave DeLong Apr 11 '14 at 15:00
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Salt fulfills a very specific purpose which other more valuable things do not. One significant thing salt is used for is as a preservative. In the age before refrigeration, this was very important.

To apply this symbolically to followers of Christ, it would seem that they serve to preserve the purity of the world. As it was in the days of Noah, there is a bent in mankind toward impurity. True followers of Christ, the Bible teaches, are called to be pure. Thus, the impact of Christians in the world is to hold the line, so to speak--to bring a standard of righteousness and purity into the world that is supposed to bring restraint to the progress of evil.

Also, salt was used metaphorically in rabbinic literature of the day to refer to wisdom. this would actually fit quite well with the Old Testament where it says "the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom." (Proverbs 8:13) So, calling followers of Jesus or fearers of God "the salt of the earth" is quite appropriate.

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  • +1. I like the succinctness of this answer, and the second paragraph does a good job directly addressing the OP's question. – Philip Schaff Jul 5 '13 at 19:36
  • To gain more depth related to the second paragraph, read Salt, Light, and Law at BSF – Warren Sep 20 '15 at 17:03
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He did not refer to "people" as in "all humans", but to those who do his will, ie, "good Christians"

And like other answers suggest, salt has a numbers of great properties:

  • preservative [something we could not live without pretty much]
  • taste enhancer [something that brings out the taste already in the food]

ie, so people of God are (or supposed to be :) those who preserve the good of this world, and give it its intended "taste" / happiness.

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I do not see the preservative characteristic of salt fitting very well. Do we preserve the "purity" and "good of this world" or is this world without purity and good? Are we able to preserve anything or is it only the blood of Christ that preserves by bringing mankind from death to life?

I hold that we, as followers of Christ, are flavor enhancers bringing out the "God flavors" of life. (Eugene Peterson) By our words and actions, our attitudes and perspective, our good deeds, we can bring out the evidence of God's hand in even difficult situations.

Salt brings out the best, light brings comfort, reveals faults and guides the way. Together, they point to God's glory and abundant life in Christ alone.

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Salt provides essence and taste to food; no one prefers having bland food, hence the saying "take it with a pinch of salt". In this sense Jesus says that people are the essence of the earth, the planet, it is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.

The planet's survival is based on the mere existence of humans. Humans are like salt they provide the flavour to the food, too much or too little can spoil the taste of the food (earth). They, humans, like salt have the power to turn earth into something better or worse depending upon their essence (flavour).

The essence of salt is its flavour, the essence of a human is his conscience, most commonly referred to as a person's soul. If salt (humans) loses i's flavour (essence), it's of no use to anyone or anything. And as a matter of common sense something that is not useful to anyone is disposed off without thought or second consideration, - I mean would you keep something that you find useless? Hence the words "It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot."

I hope this a good answer for the words that Jesus used-

As with reference to the verse Matthew 5:13:

13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.

Thank you for your patience

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    Welcome to the site! This next has nothing to do with the quality of your answer, it's just standard to help new visitors avoid misunderstanding the site (as I did at first.) As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following two posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": the help page and How we are different than other sites? – David Stratton Apr 14 '14 at 4:03
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Why did Jesus refer to humans as salt?

There may be possibly several reasons for this.

  • Salt helps preserve food. Blessed is he who preserves the faith until the end.
  • The faith in Christ is like a valuable pearl of great price. So too was salt in antiquity: it’s value was compared to gold.
  • Salt adds flavour to food. Men who believe in God’s word recognize that man can not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.

First of all, before going into the question at hand, I would like to recount a little story about a someone giving a homily on this topic in French and he majorly messed up to the congregation by saying you the dirt soil of the earth! Vous êtes la sale terre! in French that could be translated as: You are the dirty soil of the earth! He meant to say: Vous êtes le sel de la terre! You are the salt of the earth. That a huge difference.

Roman soldiers were paid in salt!

Near Lausanne, in the foothills of the Alps, there are several centuries-old salt mines which are still operational today. In Roman times, and throughout the Middle Ages, salt was a valuable commodity, also referred to as "white gold." This high demand for salt was due to its important use in preserving food, especially meat and fish.

Being so valuable, soldiers in the Roman army were sometimes paid with salt instead of money. Their monthly allowance was called "salarium" ("sal" being the Latin word for salt). This Latin root can be recognized in the French word "salaire" — and it eventually made it into the English language as the word "salary."

Language is something we take for granted; we use it every day and could not live without it in today's world. However, as the example with the word "salary" shows, languages are not static but, rather, evolve. While the differences between American and British English are manageable, for example, reading Shakespeare in its original form poses some challenges — and reading the original Beowulf is almost impossible. -[From Salt To Salary: Linguists Take A Page From Science

At this time in history, not only was salt used to preserve food, but it was so valuable that that Roman Army was even paid their wages in salt. That gives a whole new meaning that someone is worth his weight in salt (not gold).

Salt in food

Salt is present in most foods, but in naturally occurring foodstuffs such as meats, vegetables and fruit, it is present in very small quantities. It is often added to processed foods (such as canned foods and especially salted foods, pickled foods, and snack foods or other convenience foods), where it functions as both a preservative and a flavoring. Dairy salt is used in the preparation of butter and cheese products. As a flavoring, salt enhances the taste of other foods by suppressing the bitterness of those foods making them more palatable and relatively sweeter.

Before the advent of electrically powered refrigeration, salting was one of the main methods of food preservation. Thus, herring contains 67 mg sodium per 100 g, while kipper, its preserved form, contains 990 mg. Similarly, pork typically contains 63 mg while bacon contains 1,480 mg, and potatoes contain 7 mg but potato crisps 800 mg per 100 g. Salt is also used in cooking, such as with salt crusts. The main sources of salt in the Western diet, apart from direct use of sodium chloride, are bread and cereal products, meat products and milk and dairy products.

In many East Asian cultures, salt is not traditionally used as a condiment. In its place, condiments such as soy sauce, fish sauce and oyster sauce tend to have a high sodium content and fill a similar role to table salt in western cultures. They are most often used for cooking rather than as table condiments.

In religion

In the Hebrew Bible, there are thirty-five verses which mention salt. One of these mentions Lot's wife, who was turned into a pillar of salt when she looked back at the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:26) as they were destroyed. When the judge Abimelech destroyed the city of Shechem, he is said to have "sown salt on it," probably as a curse on anyone who would re-inhabit it (Judges 9:45). The Book of Job contains the first mention of salt as a condiment. "Can that which is unsavoury be eaten without salt? or is there any taste in the white of an egg?" (Job 6:6). In the New Testament, six verses mention salt. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus referred to his followers as the "salt of the earth". The apostle Paul also encouraged Christians to "let your conversation be always full of grace, seasoned with salt" (Colossians 4:6). Salt is mandatory in the rite of the Tridentine Mass. Salt is used in the third item (which includes an Exorcism) of the Celtic Consecration (cf. Gallican Rite) that is employed in the consecration of a church. Salt may be added to the water "where it is customary" in the Roman Catholic rite of Holy water.

In Judaism, it is recommended to have either a salty bread or to add salt to the bread if this bread is unsalted when doing Kiddush for Shabbat. It is customary to spread some salt over the bread or to dip the bread in a little salt when passing the bread around the table after the Kiddush. To preserve the covenant between their people and God, Jews dip the Sabbath bread in salt. - Salt

Now if salt goes bad, it is worthless, both financially, as a preservative and as a addictive to make food taste better.

Thus we can see why Our Lord spoke thus about salt in reference to the verse Matthew 5:13:

13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.

Jesus desires his disciples to be the real salt of the earth and worth their weight in salt, so to speak! They must preserve the faith and share the Good News with all of mankind.

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