Jesus says to Peter in Matthew 16:18,19:

And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

The Catholic believes the "keys to the Kingdom of Heaven" were first held by Peter and then every Pope thereafter through Apostolic Succession. It seems Protestants picked their own personal set of keys up and assumed personal responsibility for their administration when they departed the doors of the Catholic Church.

How does a Protestant Church justify the corporate administration that the keys afford without supplanting the Church "that the gates of Hell will not prevail against"?

  • The Protestant branch of Christianity specifically protested against certain teachings of the Catholic Church as well as the Papacy itself.
    – Narnian
    Commented Jun 20, 2013 at 18:35
  • Protestant is described in Wikipedia: protesting against the authority of the Pope (and, if only by implication, the Catholic Church in general). Commented Jun 20, 2013 at 18:35
  • Are you asking what teachings the Protestant branch specifically protested against? If so, that's a bit of a list question.
    – Narnian
    Commented Jun 20, 2013 at 18:35
  • No, it seems that we Protestants should personally know what we are in "protest" of since it appears we personally have responsibility for the administration of the "keys" to the Kingdom
    – Rick
    Commented Jun 20, 2013 at 18:38
  • Luther's 95 Theses are linked in the Wikipedia article. However the keys part of the question seems good to me: is there anyone on earth with the keys to bind and loose? Or is it everyone for himself? Commented Jun 20, 2013 at 18:38


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