The angels told the shepherds:

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. And this will be a sign for you:you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger. (Luke 2:11-12, ESV)

The question is how would this scene that they found serve to be a sign? Also a sign of what?

  • I'm not sure this is a doctrinal question. But, I'll give you my opinion anyway, since I'd expect it to fall in line with most other Christians' understandings.
    – svidgen
    Commented Dec 23, 2012 at 3:24
  • 3
    The first thing that comes to my mind is the angel is saying, "Hey! This is what you are looking for. Find a child tightly bundled in a manger... that's him."
    – Andrew
    Commented Dec 23, 2012 at 7:15

3 Answers 3


Signs in tradition and scripture, can have two basic senses. In the first sense, they are often miraculous indicators of the speaker's trustworthiness, which encourage the listener to believe. In the second sense, they embody or represent a larger or more transcendent truth. The general formula for signs in my first sense is that the speaker first delivers a message, then performs a sign to reassure the listeners of his authority. We can see this by considering a couple other signs in scripture that follow the format.

First, let's consider the interaction between Moses and God as God prepares Moses to speak with Pharaoh for the first time.

1 “But,” objected Moses, “suppose they do not believe me or listen to me? For they may say, ‘The LORD did not appear to you.’” 2 The LORD said to him: What is in your hand? “A staff,” he answered. 3 God said: Throw it on the ground. So he threw it on the ground and it became a snake,a and Moses backed away from it. 4 Then the LORD said to Moses: Now stretch out your hand and take hold of its tail. So he stretched out his hand and took hold of it, and it became a staff in his hand. 5 That is so they will believe that the LORD, the God of their ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, did appear to you. 6 Again the LORD said to him: Put your hand into the fold of your garment. So he put his hand into the fold of his garment, and when he drew it out, there was his hand covered with scales, like snowflakes. 7 Then God said: Put your hand back into the fold of your garment. So he put his hand back into the fold of his garment, and when he drew it out, there it was again like his own flesh. 8 If they do not believe you or pay attention to the message of the first sign, they should believe the message of the second sign. 9 And if they do not believe even these two signs and do not listen to you, take some water from the Nile and pour it on the dry land. The water you take from the Nile will become blood on the dry land. (Exodus 4:1-8)

Now, smarter or more patient men than me can likely read some meaning into both signs. But, on the surface of it, Moses is given several miracles he can perform in front of Pharaoh to attest to his authority, or to the fact that he has been sent by God with his message. And, unless my memory is foggy, Moses appears before Pharaoh, first with his message, and then displays the signs of his authority and mission.

Then, let's consider Jesus' first "sign" according to John.

1 On the third day there was a wedding in Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine ran short, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” 4 [And] Jesus said to her, “Woman, how does your concern affect me? My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servers, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6 Now there were six stone water jars there for Jewish ceremonial washings, each holding twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus told them, “Fill the jars with water.” So they filled them to the brim. 8 Then he told them, “Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter.” So they took it. 9 And when the headwaiter tasted the water that had become wine, without knowing where it came from (although the servers who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves good wine first, and then when people have drunk freely, an inferior one; but you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 Jesus did this as the beginning of his signs in Cana in Galilee and so revealed his glory, and his disciples began to believe in him. 12 After this, he and his mother, [his] brothers, and his disciples went down to Capernaum and stayed there only a few days. (John 2:1-12)

Admittedly, I feel like I'm contorting John's first sign a little to fit the format, but if notice the portions I've emphasized, the message is clear: do whatever he tells you. If His mother would not have given the message, "do whatever he tells you," the miracle would have been neat, but it would not have been a sign. It would have been a magic trick. And without the sign, the message lacks authority. The wedding guests would have no reason to heed Mary's command to submit fully to Jesus.

This particular sign is also packed full with pretty obvious symbolism, meaning, and power. And in those respects, the sign is a sign in other senses. The miracle extends a wedding celebration, likely indicating that Jesus' mission is about completing our joy (something He explicitly tells us later). It is significant that the jars used are ceremonial jars. Jesus commands that the ceremonial jars be filled with ordinary water, and by His miracle, he reveals them to be significant or holy -- he condones and makes holy the Jewish ceremony.

Now, I don't think the context of your initial quote needs to be broadened, but let's widen the context a little anyway:

8 Now there were shepherds in that region living in the fields and keeping the night watch over their flock. 9 The angel of the Lord appeared to them and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were struck with great fear. 10 The angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for behold, I proclaim to you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. 11 For today in the city of David a savior has been born for you who is Messiah and Lord. 12 And this will be a sign for you: you will find an infant wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger.” 13 And suddenly there was a multitude of the heavenly host with the angel, praising God and saying: 14 “Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests.” (Luke 2:1-14)

First, the angels deliver a message. (That is their purpose, after all!) The message is that the savior and Messiah has been born. And as I understand it, the message above suggests that this savior is both God and man, Messiah and Lord. And then, to lend credence to their message, they basically tell the shepherds, "Go and see for yourself! This is probably the first and last time you'll see a baby in a food trough!"

Admittedly, I don't know how often Jews laid their infants in food troughs. But, these angels make the pretty incredible claim that the Messiah has not only been born, but is God Himself. And as a sign that they're telling the truth, they tell the shepherds where to find Him.

Now, as a Catholic, there's a great deal of additional sign and symbolism here. God is born in Bethlehem (the house of bread), wrapped in swaddling clothes (He is fully human), and has been laid in a food trough, a sign that He has been offered up for consumption -- and not just any consumption, and not even implying reverent consumption, but animalistic, carnal, beastly consumption.

So, the sign of the infant, I think, hits on both senses of a sign. It testifies to the accuracy of the angel's message. And it signals Jesus whole mission: to "condescend" into humanity, thereby making humanity holy, and to submissively offer Himself as the fundamental food for our immortal bodies as regular bread would have been for our mortal bodies. I.e., Jesus' first "act" is to signal (be a sign of) the Eucharist. And we are meant to devour Him, as hungry beasts from a food trough.


Just a Christmas treat for those who enjoy this sort of thing.

Of course finding the infant, as lead by the star shining over the animal house, wrapped up and placed in a feeding-trough (φάτνη) is a striking thing to see. The contrast of this earthly, helpless child to the heralding angelic glory announcing his birth is breathtaking to say the least.

But a sign can't be a sign without pointing to something else. Its seems clear that the sign this scene points to was the suffering of Christ as the rejected and sin laden Christ. Yet as we see this sign repeated and fulfilled in the gospels God's favor and angelic support remains with him all along.

Throughout his ministry he stayed in a manger, open and exposed to danger with God alone protecting him:

58 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.” (Luke 9:58, ESV)

Many times he was in a feeding-trough with God's glory shining all around as well as the ministry of angels. The desert of his temptations was a feeding trough surrounding him. The accusations by the self righteous who despised his eating with sinners was a feeding trough of beasts. Of course when he was nailed to the cross and buried in a tomb, this was the most humble feeding toughs of all. The earth itself, filled with dirt yielding thorns was a feeding trough to which God humbled himself into taking the form of as a man and servant, who washed the feet of his own disciples. All of this and more was what the sign pointed at.

Although not directly implied, yet so poetically analogous and true, is that Martin Luther often referred to the swaddling clothes of Christ as the Old Testament, for in it we find Christ wrapped up as our great Christmas present in humble and plain guise, yet what a treasure does it hold!


I think the first point to recognize as human beings is Isaiah's writings foretelling us of His birth was explicit. Isaiah foretold us that The Christ Child would be born in this like manner and He would be found in a specific place, dressed in a like manner. I believe the concept behind the saying, "and, this will be a sign to you," is more explicit...it's personal and directed to the nature and character of man as a finite creature.

The fact that we are finite in nature is an indication that like sheep who have the tendency to roam and wander about straying from the fold interacting with people and not of the same fold entertaining things that will impact our true faith. So often we tend to stray from the fold and that will weaken our faith and we begin to doubt what we heard. God knows the heart and nature of man and so I think this is a reinforcement to us,a reminder and a witness of the prophecy of Isaiah.

When the OT foretells, and it is manifested in the NT if we are knowers and not doubters there should be no need for a sign but the Scriptures said, "and this shall be a sign unto you." Clearly, the sign is specific and directed to us...the believer. Why the sign? It points to Him...the Child that truly He is the Son of God, The Son of man the king of the Jews, the Savior of the world, born to die for the sins of fallen mankind in a lowly stable, bound tightly in clothing befitting a poor servant not the King that He is.

The sign... is a witness that "this is He," Whom the Scriptures foretold us would.."come to save," us from our sins.

  • 1
    Welcome! We're glad you are here, but this answer would be much stronger if you showed, with sources, that it doesn't merely reflect your opinion. For example, you could mention the specific verses from Isaiah, and indicate if any Christian traditions/theologians also hold your view with respect to this particular passage. I hope you'll take a minute to review how this site is different from others, and better understand how your answer can be supported. Commented Dec 30, 2016 at 12:34

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