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Theological opinions are the lowest grade of theological notes:

  1. Theological Note: Very common/commoner.
    Explanation: The most solidly founded or best attested t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ on a disputed subject.
    Example: Antichrist will be of the tribe of Dan.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: Very common or commoner o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s can be mistaken and there is no obligation to follow them though prudence inclines us to favour them as a general policy. It should be noted that an o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is "very common" is less well established than one which is "common" which implies moral unanimity of theological schools.
  2. Theological Note: Probable.
    Explanation: A t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is well founded either on the grounds of its intrinsic coherence or the extrinsic weight of authority favouring it.
    Example: Judas received Holy Communion at the Last Supper. Judas did not receive Holy Communion at the Last Supper.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: The better founded of two conflicting o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s is referred to as more probable; but Catholics are free to prefer some other o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ for any good reason.

source: this full list of theological notes, the first of which is dogma (de fide).


Limbo ranks higher than a mere theological opinion because a pope settled that theological debate (cf.that popes can do this, see: Humani Generis §20).

Pope Pius VI's “Auctorem fidei,” Aug. 28, 1794—reproduced in Denzinger-Schönmetzer, Enchiridion Symbolorum, definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum. Ed. 34. 1965, §2626—says:

  1. The doctrine which rejects as a Pelagian fable, that place of the lower regions (which the faithful generally designate by the name of the limbo of children) in which the souls of those departing with the sole guilt of original sin are punished with the punishment of the condemned, exclusive of the punishment of fire, just as it, by this very fact, that these who remove the punishment of fire introduced that middle place and state free of guilt and of punishment between the kingdom of God and eternal damnation, such as that about which the Pelagians idly talk,—false, rash, injurious to Catholic schools.

Theological opinions are the lowest grade of theological notes:

  1. Theological Note: Very common/commoner.
    Explanation: The most solidly founded or best attested t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ on a disputed subject.
    Example: Antichrist will be of the tribe of Dan.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: Very common or commoner o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s can be mistaken and there is no obligation to follow them though prudence inclines us to favour them as a general policy. It should be noted that an o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is "very common" is less well established than one which is "common" which implies moral unanimity of theological schools.
  2. Theological Note: Probable.
    Explanation: A t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is well founded either on the grounds of its intrinsic coherence or the extrinsic weight of authority favouring it.
    Example: Judas received Holy Communion at the Last Supper. Judas did not receive Holy Communion at the Last Supper.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: The better founded of two conflicting o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s is referred to as more probable; but Catholics are free to prefer some other o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ for any good reason.

source: this full list of theological notes, the first of which is dogma (de fide).


Limbo ranks higher than a mere theological opinion because a pope settled that theological debate (cf. Humani Generis §20).

Pope Pius VI's “Auctorem fidei,” Aug. 28, 1794—reproduced in Denzinger-Schönmetzer, Enchiridion Symbolorum, definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum. Ed. 34. 1965, §2626—says:

  1. The doctrine which rejects as a Pelagian fable, that place of the lower regions (which the faithful generally designate by the name of the limbo of children) in which the souls of those departing with the sole guilt of original sin are punished with the punishment of the condemned, exclusive of the punishment of fire, just as it, by this very fact, that these who remove the punishment of fire introduced that middle place and state free of guilt and of punishment between the kingdom of God and eternal damnation, such as that about which the Pelagians idly talk,—false, rash, injurious to Catholic schools.

Theological opinions are the lowest grade of theological notes:

  1. Theological Note: Very common/commoner.
    Explanation: The most solidly founded or best attested t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ on a disputed subject.
    Example: Antichrist will be of the tribe of Dan.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: Very common or commoner o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s can be mistaken and there is no obligation to follow them though prudence inclines us to favour them as a general policy. It should be noted that an o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is "very common" is less well established than one which is "common" which implies moral unanimity of theological schools.
  2. Theological Note: Probable.
    Explanation: A t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is well founded either on the grounds of its intrinsic coherence or the extrinsic weight of authority favouring it.
    Example: Judas received Holy Communion at the Last Supper. Judas did not receive Holy Communion at the Last Supper.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: The better founded of two conflicting o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s is referred to as more probable; but Catholics are free to prefer some other o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ for any good reason.

source: this full list of theological notes, the first of which is dogma (de fide).


Limbo ranks higher than a mere theological opinion because a pope settled that theological debate (that popes can do this, see: Humani Generis §20).

Pope Pius VI's “Auctorem fidei,” Aug. 28, 1794—reproduced in Denzinger-Schönmetzer, Enchiridion Symbolorum, definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum. Ed. 34. 1965, §2626—says:

  1. The doctrine which rejects as a Pelagian fable, that place of the lower regions (which the faithful generally designate by the name of the limbo of children) in which the souls of those departing with the sole guilt of original sin are punished with the punishment of the condemned, exclusive of the punishment of fire, just as it, by this very fact, that these who remove the punishment of fire introduced that middle place and state free of guilt and of punishment between the kingdom of God and eternal damnation, such as that about which the Pelagians idly talk,—false, rash, injurious to Catholic schools.
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Theological opinions are the lowest grade of theological notes:

  1. Theological Note: Very common/commoner.
    Explanation: The most solidly founded or best attested t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ on a disputed subject.
    Example: Antichrist will be of the tribe of Dan.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: Very common or commoner o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s can be mistaken and there is no obligation to follow them though prudence inclines us to favour them as a general policy. It should be noted that an o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is "very common" is less well established than one which is "common" which implies moral unanimity of theological schools.
  2. Theological Note: Probable.
    Explanation: A t͟h͟e͟o͟l͟o͟g͟i͟c͟a͟l͟ ͟o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ which is well founded either on the grounds of its intrinsic coherence or the extrinsic weight of authority favouring it.
    Example: Judas received Holy Communion at the Last Supper. Judas did not receive Holy Communion at the Last Supper.
    Censure attached to contradictory proposition: None.
    Effects of denial: None.
    Remarks: The better founded of two conflicting o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟s is referred to as more probable; but Catholics are free to prefer some other o͟p͟i͟n͟i͟o͟n͟ for any good reason.

source: this full list of theological notes, the first of which is dogma (de fide).


Limbo ranks higher than a mere theological opinion because a pope settled that theological debate (cf. Humani Generis §20).

Pope Pius VI's “Auctorem fidei,” Aug. 28, 1794—reproduced in Denzinger-Schönmetzer, Enchiridion Symbolorum, definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum. Ed. 34. 1965, §2626—says:

  1. The doctrine which rejects as a Pelagian fable, that place of the lower regions (which the faithful generally designate by the name of the limbo of children) in which the souls of those departing with the sole guilt of original sin are punished with the punishment of the condemned, exclusive of the punishment of fire, just as it, by this very fact, that these who remove the punishment of fire introduced that middle place and state free of guilt and of punishment between the kingdom of God and eternal damnation, such as that about which the Pelagians idly talk,—false, rash, injurious to Catholic schools.