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Christ-centered, Reformed, Presbyterian, Calvinist-but-not-too-Calvinist; frequently liberal. I like to think of myself as ecumenically minded but am secretly suspicious of my own bias. I enjoy libraries and the books inside them. Also medieval history (esp. medieval reception of Biblical, classical and patristic sources, and the ways that their interpretations have persisted or been rejected).

My profile image is a raven from the Aberdeen Bestiary. Corvus in divina pagina diversis modis accipitur, ut per corvum aliquando predicatorum, aliquando peccatorum, aliquando diabolus intelligitur. (The raven is understood in a variety of ways in the sacred scriptures: sometimes it means a preacher, sometimes a sinner, sometimes the devil.) It reminds me that I am simul justus et peccator.


1d
comment History of Christian Prayer
Hello Jengish and welcome to this site! If you haven't already checked out our site tour and help center, please do - as well as browsing our existing questions and answers. Thank you for asking this question and I hope you get a helpful answer. It is quite a broad question, so you may have to split it up in order to get the most out of this site (for example, the humanism question could be asked separately). Other users may have advice on that. Welcome once again!
Apr
10
comment Covering of the hair for women, and beards in 1st Century Palestine
Is this a Christianity question? There could be a Christian angle to it, but the question as written doesn't mention Christianity explicitly.
Apr
9
comment Keep the law OR nail to the cross?
I'm having trouble following the train of thought in your answer. Perhaps you could add some more linking material or explanation to make it clear how your assertions and quotations relate to one another, and to the original question.
Mar
30
comment Is/will there be time in heaven?
Welcome to this site, and please do check our help center and site tour when you have a moment. Your question is a perfectly good one, but it isn't an answer to the original question on this page - we follow a Q&A format, rather than one with extended back-and-forth discussion. If you do have a question which meets the site guidelines, and hasn't been asked already, then this should be posted as a new question instead of a reply to an existing question. Thanks for your understanding, and again, welcome!
Mar
25
comment What exactly did Pope Gregory the Great mean by “Universal Bishop?”
It seems that Gregory uses "sole bishop" as well as "universal bishop", perhaps meaning these to denote the same concept. I certainly don't know of a Pope who's claimed to be sole bishop.
Mar
6
comment How did early “street evangelization” differ from the modern practice?
There is probably some element of survivor bias - we have stories about John the Baptist, but not about his contemporary Reuven the Ineffective Preacher (who I just made up).
Feb
26
comment How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?
@rhetorician Yes, I think it is important that Jesus was quoting a known text and I wouldn't want to overinterpret his words as implying any weakening of the Trinity in that moment.
Feb
24
comment How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?
Welcome to this site and thank you for your answer! I hope you will stay to ask and answer more questions. If you haven't already seen it, you might like to check out our help center and site tour, as well as browsing existing questions and answers.
Feb
22
comment Are there female devils cited in scriptures?
I agree. Also, I have read much later writings on demons which said the same. Malleus Maleficarum asserts that Satan can take female form to seduce men, or male form to seduce women, but is not intrinsically gendered. Discoverie of Witchcraft has a snide remark about the lack of Biblical evidence for different kinds of demons, including male and female ones.
Feb
18
comment What is the biblical basis for Eternal salvation?
If you would like to rewrite the question, along the lines suggest by Steven Doggart or otherwise, then please feel free; or if the linked answers are already enough for you, then that's also fine (and do let us know).
Feb
18
comment What is the biblical basis for Eternal salvation?
As written, I think this is a duplicate of What is the Biblical basis for the doctrine of eternal security? combined with What is the Biblical basis for the doctrine of the loss of salvation?
Feb
18
comment Can Christians be judges
The discussion above about capital punishment would be better-placed elsewhere (like in chat) than in comments, since the conversation isn't addressing any issues in the question any more, but has digressed into more general territory.
Feb
10
comment Is “Worship Pastor” a new term?
Related, but I think not a duplicate: What is the earliest Christian use of a worship leader? That question is about the general role of a chief musician, whereas this is about a hybrid musical-pastoral role (as indicated in the wiki quote) and its nomenclature.
Feb
5
comment What is the source for Martin Luther's quote against the use of pipe organ music?
Thanks @waxeagle! The list is authentic, but it's just a list ("Die Stück, so in der gleißenden Kirchen in Uebung und Brauch sind geweßt") which as far as I can make out was part of a series of notes Luther made to the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. I see no mention of Baal in this series. The 1597 book has the similar phrase "der gliessenden Baalßkirchen", the gleaming churches of Baal, so maybe the whole Baal idea is in it alone, and not Luther. Also Feldzeichen = battle-standards is not in Luther as far as I can see.
Feb
5
comment What is the source for Martin Luther's quote against the use of pipe organ music?
Aha, just a bit further on are the words "des Römischen Abgott Baals feldzeichen", and a list attributed to Luther of superfluous things to be removed from churches.
Feb
5
comment What is the source for Martin Luther's quote against the use of pipe organ music?
I think I have "Anhaldini". It is a 1597 polemical text titled "Erinnerungsschrifft etlicher vom Adel und Städten..." addressed to Prince John-George of Anhalt. See here on p74ff, concerning the organ ("Von Orgeln"). In particular, near the p76 mark, the text "Ober wie kan es Christlich..." refers to "den Abgott Baal / unnd andern Abgöttern". There is a reference to "siebenden deutschen Thomo Lutheri / Anno 72. zu Wittenberg gedruckt / fol. 425" which may be our next clue.
Feb
5
comment What is the source for Martin Luther's quote against the use of pipe organ music?
Interesting! I found an antedating (see here) to Heinrich Eckhard in 1607, but the further reference to "Anhaldini p.74" remains obscure.
Feb
4
comment Why are Christians sure that prayers to Jesus are answered when “Jesus” wasn't the name he used?
@NickNo If Jesus is God then the commandment ought to encompass him; though "taking a name in vain" may be understood to cover all sorts of things, including disrespectful or careless speech, attributing malice or evil to God, swearing rash oaths, claiming divine endorsement for ones own selfish actions, etc. A broad interpretation is consistent with the Sermon on the Mount, as well as with Jewish law and practice which does not limit the "protection" of the commandment to the Divine Name alone, but to all kinds of names and descriptions of God.
Jan
28
comment How can Pharaoh and Abhimelech be attracted to Sarah?
Related question on longevity: Why did people live so long before the flood? Obviously Sarah is post-Noah, but the textual-historical issues for unusually long lives are surely quite similar - Genesis 11:10ff (lineage from Shem to Abram) is full of multicentenarians.
Jan
27
comment Can theology be defined “the science of faith” nowadays?
Per OED, "science" at the time of Hooker was more likely to mean knowledge in general, as opposed to opinion, and "science" for the scientific method and its results is 18th century.