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14

Calvin did not like appealing to any tradition or authority other than Scripture. He asserts that the Bible teaches that all have sinned and that all continue to sin, and on that basis each facet of Mariology falls down like dominoes (except perpetual virginity, which he neither defends nor denies based on what he perceives as Scriptural silence). In ...


10

There are two facets to the answer, one regarding the nature of the sin offering itself, and one regarding Mary’s motivations for making the offering. In summary, in Israel, so-called “sin” offerings were offered for transgressions agains the ritual law, not so much for offenses against the moral law. Moreover, just as Jesus submitted himself to the ...


8

It is a copy or replica of a painting by Roberto Ferruzzi called "Madonnina" (commonly known as the "Madonna of the Streets"). The original has slightly different colours, different facial features, and it is in more of an impressionistic style, with thick visible brush strokes. I think the painting in the question is probably this following one, because ...


7

The phrases you point out indicate to the Catholic Church that the Holy Spirit was responsible for Jesus' conception: The Annunciation to Mary inaugurates "the fullness of time," the time of the fulfillment of God’s promises and preparations. Mary was invited to conceive him in whom the "whole fullness of deity" would dwell "bodily." The divine response ...


7

The point of this passage is that the petitioner is asking for Mary, Theotokos, to pray to her Son, Jesus Christ, to assist them at that time, and at their death. It is hoped that her prayer and support will assist with the life of the petitioner, and assist them with grace to meet the Lord with final perseverance and strength. While the process of death ...


7

The Cherry Tree Carol is thought to date to the 16th or 17th century. The history of its development is murky, but it may be traced to a 15th century Coventry play1 and beyond that to the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, a 7th century apocryphal work describing the birth and childhood of Jesus. The Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, which titles itself The Birth of the ...


6

It simply means that Mary is blessed not only for bearing the flesh of Christ, but most of all because she heard the word of God and obeyed it. "Mary is more blessed in receiving the faith of Christ, than in conceiving the flesh of Christ. ... For his brothers, his relatives according to the flesh who did not believe in him, of what advantage is that ...


5

You answered your question that Mary gave birth to Christ, full stop. This same Christ who walked the earth and was the child of Mary is the God-man. Mary gave birth to the one cohesive person who is Jesus Christ. The second hypostasis of the Trinity entered her womb and took flesh of her and made it his own. This is called the hypostatic union. ...


5

The Catholic Church certainly teaches that Christ is the actual physical offspring of Mary; that is, that he is genetically descended from Mary: The Holy Spirit, “the Lord, the giver of Life,” is sent to sanctify the womb of the Virgin Mary and divinely fecundate it, causing her to conceive the eternal Son of the Father in a humanity drawn from her own. ...


5

If you look hard enough you can always find similarities. The correspondences between Mary and the Ark of the Covenant remind me a lot of Islamic arguments that Muhammad was the prophet Moses prophesied about in Deuteronomy 18:18-22 rather than Jesus. According to Muslim apologists, there are many similarities between Moses and Muhammad, many of which do ...


5

The Visitation commemorates the event described in Luke 1:35-56, in which Mary goes in haste to her relative Elizabeth: 39 In those days Mary arose and went with haste into the hill country, to a town in Judah, 40 and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. ...


4

One common source of knowledge about Joseph and Mary is the Protoevangelium of James. This non canonical gospel was actually composed some time in the 2nd century AD. It is very known in most churches, including oriental churches. Of course, it is of dubious source, but it has been well known and illustrated in whole Christianity. And Joseph, throwing ...


4

To add to the other answers given here, in the Catholic liturgy (Mass, Liturgy of the Hours), it is common to address the saints as “blessed.” It is not exactly a title, but a term of respect that recognizes their condition of beatitude in Heaven. For example, the Roman Canon (Eucharistic Prayer I) says two paragraphs before the epiclesis (the invocation of ...


4

A bit of background: traditions and Tradition Sacred Tradition When the Church refers to Sacred Tradition, she is referring, not to practices, but to a body of doctrines that are not explicitly found in the Sacred Scriptures. A few examples of such doctrines (some of which rise even to the level of dogma, or solemnly defined doctrines that are subject to ...


4

In case of Mary, the angel refers to her, as you have said, as one who has been filled with grace, and the church teaches that she received a special grace at her conception which allowed her to be born free of the effects of original sin. This grace did not preserve her from sin, per se, but this grace made it possible and so she continued in her ...


4

It's important to distinguish between three different, but related, beliefs: Belief in the sinlessness of Mary (that is, that she never actually committed a sin) Belief in the sanctification of Mary (that is, that she was through the intervention of God cleansed of original sin) Belief in the immaculate conception of Mary (that this sanctification occurred ...


3

The overwhelming majority of Christians believe that Jesus was the Son of God spiritually, bodily, and every other way. We believe that he was conceived miraculously within the virgin Mary by the power of the Spirit of God, and so God is his father not in only a figurative sense, but concretely. Most Christian groups consider this to be a fundamental ...


3

According to this syllogism, she is the Mother of God, not just the Mother of the Son of God: The Son of God is God. (1 Jn. 5:20) Mary is the mother of the Son of God. (Mat. 1:18) Ergo, Mary is the Mother of God. Mary does not precede God, since nothing precedes Him; He is the Alpha, the First. Christ's humanity was created in Mary's womb; God is ...


3

To supplement the answer above, I will provide more Catholic insight to the overshadowing and its significance to Catholic theology and especially the Annunciation. From the very beginning, the Lord has used Spirit and Water when starting a New Creation. From the very moment that our God created the universe you can see the overshadowing of the Holy ...


3

Speaking as a Protestant, I suggest that one of the main "sticking points"--if not the sticking point--between the Protestant and Catholic perspectives on the personhood of Mary can be traced to our differing perspectives on Holy Scripture. Generally speaking, Protestants (and particularly Evangelical Protestants, of whom I am one) consider the Holy Bible ...


3

One of the points of theology that has traditionally separated some Protestants from our Roman and Eastern brothers and sisters is the question of the perpetual virginity of the Blessed Mary. The argument is usually cast as a typical reformed – catholic debate with the issue of biblical authority vs. authority of tradition at the center of it. I however I ...


3

There is no obvious basis for the Assumption of Mary in the Bible. Mary is mentioned a few times outside the birth narratives of Luke and Matthew: Is he not the carpenter, the son of Mary... (Mark 6:3) Is he not the carpenter's son? Is not his mother named Mary ... (Matthew 13:55) Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother ... (John 19:25) ...


3

Both the Catholic and Orthodox Churches have many traditions and customs surrounding the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, body and soul into heaven. The domestic church, that is to say the family, like the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph practices its Christian faith in such ways as to continuously deepen their belief in their holy ...


3

I think it is an overstatement to say that the word is only used by Mary and the Ark in the entire Scripture. The same verb is used in the accounts of the transfiguration (Matt. 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:34). Kittel in, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, did mentioned: The literal meaning “to overshadow,” “to cast a shadow,” occurs in Act 5:15. ...


2

Luke 1:42 (here NIV): 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 In a loud voice she exclaimed: "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear! If the title 'blessed virgin' has its origin here, the word 'blessed' means 'favoured' rather than 'on its way ...


2

All of them. Jesus was 33 when he died. If she were 12 - 20 years old at his birth, then she would have been 45 - 53 years old at his death. Which is quite old for people at that time. The earliest known books of the New Testament were written around 45-55 CE. This would have her age between 57 - 75 year old - which would not be consistent with the ...


2

It is important to note that before the "Edict of Milan" the church was a persecuted Church and the Gospel as well as the traditions passed on by the apostles were spread orally and in many distant geographical areas. After the Edict, Christians under the protection and support of the Emperor Constantine where able to freely practice and articulate those ...


2

Yes; Catholicism teaches that Joseph and Mary had a true marriage. In the first place, consummation is not required for a marriage to be valid in the Catholic Church. What is necessary is (more or less) that the man and woman vow to be with each other, as one, forever; and that they intend to be together for the purpose of having and raising children. In ...


2

No, they do not. Jesus was born without sin by virtue of being God. Mary, who was conceived in the usual way, would have had to have some other approach to be sinless. After some thought about how that might have occurred, theologians concluded that the soul of the Blessed Virgin, in its creation and infusion into the body, was endowed with the grace of ...



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