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15

The heresy is known as Collyridianism, after the Greek for the "little cakes" which were offered. Collyridianism was an obscure Early Christian heretical movement whose adherents apparently worshipped the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, as a goddess. The main source of information about them comes from their strongest opponent, Epiphanius of Salamis, who ...


9

Calvin did not like appealing to any tradition or authority other than Scripture. He asserts that the Bible teaches that all have sinned and that all continue to sin, and on that basis each facet of Mariology falls down like dominoes (except perpetual virginity, which he neither defends nor denies based on what he perceives as Scriptural silence). He may ...


8

"Seed" is sometimes used as a euphemism for sperm (Ge 38:9). It is frequently used in a metaphorical sense to mean "descendant." (Ge 3:15, Ge 22:17). In this sense, as it was applied to Jesus, it is less an assertion about biology, but instead has to do with family lineage and the fulfillment of God's promises to Abraham (Ge 22:18) and David (2 Sa 7:12-16). ...


7

Mary is the Queen of Universe because Christ is the King of Universe. To understand her Queenship, one must understand how who the Queen of the Davidic Kingdom in the Old Testament Jewish monarchy was. It was the Queen Mother. The Kings had many wives, none of whom could be called Queen. That honor was reserved for the mother of the King. We see this in the ...


7

For most Protestants this is a matter of semantics. Protestants know full well that Catholics call Mary, the "Blessed Mother." They also know that if you ask a Catholic "Is Mary blessed?" They would surely answer "Yes, indeed she is." But the Catholic should understand that the Protestant, in general, would also answer the same. Mary is blessed. Mary ...


7

The point of this passage is that the petitioner is asking for Mary, Theotokos, to pray to her Son, Jesus Christ, to assist them at that time, and at their death. It is hoped that her prayer and support will assist with the life of the petitioner, and assist them with grace to meet the Lord with final perseverance and strength. While the process of death ...


7

It is a copy or replica of a painting by Roberto Ferruzzi called "Madonnina" (commonly known as the "Madonna of the Streets"). The original has slightly different colours, different facial features, and it is in more of an impressionistic style, with thick visible brush strokes. I think the painting in the question is probably this following one, because ...


6

The Wikipedia page about the church explains: The use of the title "Mary, Queen of the Universe" is drawn from section 59 of Lumen Gentium, the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church issued in 1964 by the Second Vatican Council, which stated: "Finally, the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all guilt of original sin, on the completion of her earthly ...


6

My first posting as an answer. (Pardon my english mistakes if any) The short answer is obviously 3 (except the Mary's part). Let's think about the Wine Miracle where water turns into wine to get some idea of characteristics of an miracle. The wine is obviously really wine although we don't know whether it is zinfandel or cabernet souvignon nor the age of ...


6

No. Mary's freedom from sin since the point of conception, which Catholics celebrate as The Immaculate Conception, was affirmed in a Papal Constitution by Pope Pius IX. In the Constitution Ineffabilis Deus of 8 December, 1854, Pius IX pronounced and defined that the Blessed Virgin Mary "in the first instance of her conception, by a singular ...


6

The Catholic Church is ambiguous about the very existence of Saints Anne and Joachim. In the apocryphal Infancy Gospel of James, believed to have been written around 150 CE, they are described as the parents of Mary, mother of Jesus and, although the Infancy Gospel of James is non-canonical, this became Christian tradition. However, since the genealogies of ...


6

Headscarves are not solely Muslim. The Bible talks about head coverings in a time when Islam did not exist. Our depictions of Mary and Jesus don't date from biblical times - the earliest date from medieval times. We don't know for a fact whether Jesus had a beard or Mary wore a head covering (though it is likely, since she lived in place where most people ...


6

It simply means that Mary is blessed not only for bearing the flesh of Christ, but most of all because she heard the word of God and obeyed it. "Mary is more blessed in receiving the faith of Christ, than in conceiving the flesh of Christ. ... For his brothers, his relatives according to the flesh who did not believe in him, of what advantage is that ...


5

The mother of Christ was specifically called "blessed" at least as far back as the end of the second century AD, and given the title "the Blessed Virgin" at least as far back as the early fifth century. CCEL.org, the Christian Classics Ethereal Library, lists several references for "blessed Mary" from the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew. For example: And when ...


5

Perhaps, it seems that you might think there were other options available to them. There simply were not. In those times, and until very recently actually, women birthed their children at home (or where ever they were comfortable (ie. by the river, a relative's home, etc.)). Also, the idea and treatment of pregnancy and birthing as a medical condition is ...


4

In Catholic teaching and theology, there is what is called a vocation1, i.e. a calling. From all eternity, God has called each one of us to be what he wanted each one of us to be. This calling is unique and unrepeatable precisely because each person is unique and unrepeatable2. 1. We define personal vocation as God's call and plan for one's entire life. cf. ...


4

People exclaim, "Mother of God!" when they see something astonishing, which would be a minced oath towards Mary.


3

No; it is not possible to hold such a belief without being considered either heretical, or at least withdrawn from full communion with the Catholic Church. On 29 June 1998, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a document which discussed what teachings of the Catholic Church must be held by all Catholics. Section 11 of this document provides ...


3

Introductory History of the Litany of Loreto The Litany of the Blessed Virgin--also called the Litany of Loreto--is one of the many Marian litanies, or praises of Mary, composed during the Middle Ages. The place of honor it now holds, in the life of the Church, is due its faithful use at the shrine of the Holy House at Loreto, which, according to ...


3

In Galatians 3:16: Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. The Greek word Paul used is: ...


3

If Mary withheld this mystery from Joseph her spouse, it is more than reasonable to believe that those who knew of it [Joseph, Elizabeth, Mary's parents] left it to God to reveal it at his appointed time. To the General Public, no! as the following passages reveal: Mt 13:55 (RSVCE) 55 Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? ...


3

Before the birth Mary was the first to know that God would be the Father of her Son; Luke 1:34-35: ‘How will this be,’ Mary asked the angel, ‘since I am a virgin?’ The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. And Joseph knew ...


3

Speaking as a Protestant, I suggest that one of the main "sticking points"--if not the sticking point--between the Protestant and Catholic perspectives on the personhood of Mary can be traced to our differing perspectives on Holy Scripture. Generally speaking, Protestants (and particularly Evangelical Protestants, of whom I am one) consider the Holy Bible ...


3

Why do Catholics put so much faith in the Virgin Mary? One word: Mother She is the Mother of the LORD, [Our Lady], and Our Mother too. giving Mary praise Mary goes to visit Elizabeth. She enters house of Zechari′ah and greets Elizabeth. As soon as Elizabeth hears the greeting of Mary, the babe in her womb leaps; and Elizabeth filled with the Holy ...


3

Finding the very first instance of this is difficult; there are (as a severe underestimate) thousands of works by hundreds of writers who may have mentioned Mary. I'm relying strongly in this answer on the article I linked for you above, "The Queenship of Mary during the Patristic Period", which in turn relies heavily on an article by an "H. Barré" in ...


3

Starting of with a definition In my answer to What is the difference between a dogma, a doctrine, an infallible statement, an ex cathedra statement, etc.?, Dogmas are revealed truths which have been formally defined or proposed by the Church. Answer Saints Anne & Joachim as parents of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose Memorial is on July 26 in the ...


3

There is no obvious basis for the Assumption of Mary in the Bible. Mary is mentioned a few times outside the birth narratives of Luke and Matthew: Is he not the carpenter, the son of Mary... (Mark 6:3) Is he not the carpenter's son? Is not his mother named Mary ... (Matthew 13:55) Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother ... (John 19:25) ...


2

It is in prophecy of Isiah regarding the birth of the Messiah. "Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child” (Isa 66:7)


2

I agree with the above answers, but one thing I might add is that many Catholics view the Virgin Mary as "The Ark of the New Covenant" As the ancient Israelites honored the Ark of the Covenant in the Old Testament, so do Catholics. Let me explain better if I can. The Ark of the Covenant in the Old Testament contained the Ten Commandments and holy relics and ...


2

Rev Dr Leslie Weatherhead (1893-1976) was a Methodist minister and a very popular preacher in London from the 1930's to the 1960's, in a liberal Protestant tradition. He was also a prolific and popular author. There is a new and helpful article on Wikipedia (posted in September 2014) about Leslie Weatherhead. It has a full bibliography. Weatherhead's ...



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