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15

The heresy is known as Collyridianism, after the Greek for the "little cakes" which were offered. Collyridianism was an obscure Early Christian heretical movement whose adherents apparently worshipped the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, as a goddess. The main source of information about them comes from their strongest opponent, Epiphanius of Salamis, who ...


10

Calvin did not like appealing to any tradition or authority other than Scripture. He asserts that the Bible teaches that all have sinned and that all continue to sin, and on that basis each facet of Mariology falls down like dominoes (except perpetual virginity, which he neither defends nor denies based on what he perceives as Scriptural silence). He may ...


8

It is a copy or replica of a painting by Roberto Ferruzzi called "Madonnina" (commonly known as the "Madonna of the Streets"). The original has slightly different colours, different facial features, and it is in more of an impressionistic style, with thick visible brush strokes. I think the painting in the question is probably this following one, because ...


7

For most Protestants this is a matter of semantics. Protestants know full well that Catholics call Mary, the "Blessed Mother." They also know that if you ask a Catholic "Is Mary blessed?" They would surely answer "Yes, indeed she is." But the Catholic should understand that the Protestant, in general, would also answer the same. Mary is blessed. Mary ...


7

The point of this passage is that the petitioner is asking for Mary, Theotokos, to pray to her Son, Jesus Christ, to assist them at that time, and at their death. It is hoped that her prayer and support will assist with the life of the petitioner, and assist them with grace to meet the Lord with final perseverance and strength. While the process of death ...


6

It simply means that Mary is blessed not only for bearing the flesh of Christ, but most of all because she heard the word of God and obeyed it. "Mary is more blessed in receiving the faith of Christ, than in conceiving the flesh of Christ. ... For his brothers, his relatives according to the flesh who did not believe in him, of what advantage is that ...


6

Headscarves are not solely Muslim. The Bible talks about head coverings in a time when Islam did not exist. Our depictions of Mary and Jesus don't date from biblical times - the earliest date from medieval times. We don't know for a fact whether Jesus had a beard or Mary wore a head covering (though it is likely, since she lived in place where most people ...


6

The Catholic Church is ambiguous about the very existence of Saints Anne and Joachim. In the apocryphal Infancy Gospel of James, believed to have been written around 150 CE, they are described as the parents of Mary, mother of Jesus and, although the Infancy Gospel of James is non-canonical, this became Christian tradition. However, since the genealogies of ...


5

Perhaps, it seems that you might think there were other options available to them. There simply were not. In those times, and until very recently actually, women birthed their children at home (or where ever they were comfortable (ie. by the river, a relative's home, etc.)). Also, the idea and treatment of pregnancy and birthing as a medical condition is ...


5

The mother of Christ was specifically called "blessed" at least as far back as the end of the second century AD, and given the title "the Blessed Virgin" at least as far back as the early fifth century. CCEL.org, the Christian Classics Ethereal Library, lists several references for "blessed Mary" from the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew. For example: And when ...


4

People exclaim, "Mother of God!" when they see something astonishing, which would be a minced oath towards Mary.


4

In Catholic teaching and theology, there is what is called a vocation1, i.e. a calling. From all eternity, God has called each one of us to be what he wanted each one of us to be. This calling is unique and unrepeatable precisely because each person is unique and unrepeatable2. 1. We define personal vocation as God's call and plan for one's entire life. cf. ...


4

To add to the other answers given here, in the Catholic liturgy (Mass, Liturgy of the Hours), it is common to address the saints as “blessed.” It is not exactly a title, but a term of respect that recognizes their condition of beatitude in Heaven. For example, the Roman Canon (Eucharistic Prayer I) says two paragraphs before the epiclesis (the invocation of ...


3

Finding the very first instance of this is difficult; there are (as a severe underestimate) thousands of works by hundreds of writers who may have mentioned Mary. I'm relying strongly in this answer on the article I linked for you above, "The Queenship of Mary during the Patristic Period", which in turn relies heavily on an article by an "H. Barré" in ...


3

There is no obvious basis for the Assumption of Mary in the Bible. Mary is mentioned a few times outside the birth narratives of Luke and Matthew: Is he not the carpenter, the son of Mary... (Mark 6:3) Is he not the carpenter's son? Is not his mother named Mary ... (Matthew 13:55) Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother ... (John 19:25) ...


3

Starting of with a definition In my answer to What is the difference between a dogma, a doctrine, an infallible statement, an ex cathedra statement, etc.?, Dogmas are revealed truths which have been formally defined or proposed by the Church. Answer Saints Anne & Joachim as parents of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose Memorial is on July 26 in the ...


3

Introductory History of the Litany of Loreto The Litany of the Blessed Virgin--also called the Litany of Loreto--is one of the many Marian litanies, or praises of Mary, composed during the Middle Ages. The place of honor it now holds, in the life of the Church, is due its faithful use at the shrine of the Holy House at Loreto, which, according to ...


3

Speaking as a Protestant, I suggest that one of the main "sticking points"--if not the sticking point--between the Protestant and Catholic perspectives on the personhood of Mary can be traced to our differing perspectives on Holy Scripture. Generally speaking, Protestants (and particularly Evangelical Protestants, of whom I am one) consider the Holy Bible ...


3

The overwhelming majority of Christians believe that Jesus was the Son of God spiritually, bodily, and every other way. We believe that he was conceived miraculously within the virgin Mary by the power of the Spirit of God, and so God is his father not in only a figurative sense, but concretely. Most Christian groups consider this to be a fundamental ...


2

It is in prophecy of Isiah regarding the birth of the Messiah. "Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child” (Isa 66:7)


2

Yes, some denominations think the Bible is a compilation of stories with moral content. They do not believe most of it is factual, including Jesus being born of the Virgin Mary. Some United Churches lean this way. (My comment is supported by speaking with United Church adherents personally (extended family members) and hearing them tell me they believe the ...


2

Rev Dr Leslie Weatherhead (1893-1976) was a Methodist minister and a very popular preacher in London from the 1930's to the 1960's, in a liberal Protestant tradition. He was also a prolific and popular author. There is a new and helpful article on Wikipedia (posted in September 2014) about Leslie Weatherhead. It has a full bibliography. Weatherhead's ...


2

From the Wikipedia entry on the Biblical Magi: There was a 15th-century golden case purportedly containing the Gift of the Magi housed in the Monastery of St. Paul of Mount Athos. It was donated to the monastery in the 15th century by Mara Branković, daughter of the King of Serbia Đurađ Branković, wife to the Ottoman Sultan Murat II and godmother to ...


2

All of them. Jesus was 33 when he died. If she were 12 - 20 years old at his birth, then she would have been 45 - 53 years old at his death. Which is quite old for people at that time. The earliest known books of the New Testament were written around 45-55 CE. This would have her age between 57 - 75 year old - which would not be consistent with the ...


2

Luke 1:42 (here NIV): 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 In a loud voice she exclaimed: "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear! If the title 'blessed virgin' has its origin here, the word 'blessed' means 'favoured' rather than 'on its way ...


1

The Greek goddess Demeter also wore a headscarf. And so did Hera. And so did Aveta (a gallic goddess) Were they muslims?


1

Patricia Sanchez from the National Catholic Reporter connects the Eucharist and being at one with God with the events that led up to the Crucifixion. Basically, Sanchez's logic goes something like this. We (Catholics) are in union with God by means of Holy Communion. This union is special, because it helps us become better people, and because it leads us ...


1

Since the Virgin Mary is such an important figure in Christianity, it's logical to think that some Christians will hold that blasphemy against Mary is a serious offence, even if not as serious as blasphemy against God. Please see the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2142 and 2146: CCC 2142 The second commandment prescribes respect for the Lord's ...


1

Fredsbend the definitions in my post below of "blessed" are clearly applicable to MARY, at least implicitly and intrinsically by the definitions and thus retroactively, since Gospel and early church times. Interestingly high Mariology is found in Methodist tradition also mutatis mutandis. "Some Methodists, including John Wesley, believe that the Virgin ...


1

I cannot answer for other than my Baptist faith, but since we all use a common form of canon and most usually a common Biblical translation, The Virgin birth throughout Protestantism would appear to be unchallenged. The Catholic and Orthodox churches most certainly appear to believe in the Virgin birth since they are proponents of her eternal virginity, and ...



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