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28

There are many separate views to the matter. I'll try to list the most common ones, along with sources (at the end of each section). I'll first just describe the views briefly; the sources are available for those more interested. Catholic The Catholic Church teaches that the Law of Moses (the Old Law) is a preparation for the Gospel, and as such no longer ...


17

This was actually addressed pretty explicitly early on, and doesn't require all that much interpretation. In Acts chapter 15, the apostles and elders of the church held a council to determine the answer to this exact question. When they reached an answer, they claimed it had the sanction of the Holy Ghost, so their answer is to be understood as divine ...


14

Moses wrote many things that foreshadowed the coming of the Messiah. Jesus is, indeed, the Passover Lamb, as those who put their faith in His death and the blood He shed are rescued from the judgment that is to come. (John 3:16-18) Like the manna in the desert, Jesus is the Bread from Heaven (John 6:51) that satisfies our spiritual hunger and gives us ...


9

The JEPD theory was developed in three stages, which I summarized in my answer to What was the reasons for documentary hypothesis?. It isn't complete nonsense; it's the culmination of several centuries of Bible scholarship. Whether it is a giant leap forward or a brilliant mistake, I'm not certain. On the one hand, it's rational, and it fits different ...


8

If anything, it says that God is both generous and accommodating. There are two scenarios that should be considered: God granted the same knowledge of what good governance should look like. This says that God's glory will in fact be shown in all nations, as he himself proclaimed. (Gen 12 and Psalm 2 come to mind, but there are others) If the other nations ...


8

As soon as I posted this question, my mind went to the famous story of Jacob's ladder, in Genesis 28:10-22. Two verses in particular stick out for me: He had a dream in which he saw a stairway resting on the earth, with its top reaching to heaven, and the angels of God were ascending and descending on it. Verse 12. This is because Jesus is our bridge ...


8

the Ketef Hinnom is typically dated to 600BC - prior even to the fall of Jerusalem. It only contains 3 verses, however. In 1979, Gabriel Barkay (or more properly his 13 year old assistant), unearthed the Ketef Hinnom, a small silver scroll containing the blessing in Numbers 6: 24 - 26. To wit, it is a traditional blessing still used today: “The Lord ...


7

Currently, the oldest known manuscript is the Nash Papyrus, dated at 150 BC. It contains the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) and Deuteronomy. If you're looking for more than just one book, the Codex Sinaiticus is considered the oldest Bible in the world. It was written by a number of hands around the time of Constantine the Great sometime between 325 and ...


7

The hypothesis was formed from several lines of evidence suggesting that more than one author had a hand in writing the Torah. Stage 1 The first stage was the recognition of certain passages that looked like additions from a later copyist: Deuteronomy 34, the account of Moses' death, including the phrase in verse 6, "no one knows his burial place to this ...


7

A Catholic-ish answer: We shouldn't be concerned with possible influence of X, Y, or Z on divine revelation, whether from the standpoint of scriptural infallibility or otherwise. Specifically in terms of the divine delivery of the Law [and it's state of perfection or immutability], it makes little different whether God said to Moses, "Don't kill, don't ...


6

tl;dr> This clip from the end Raiders of the Lost Ark probably captures the essence of what happened rather well - it's not that it was "lost" so much as ignored and forgotten. King Josiah ruled Judah over a period in which the re-discovery of YHWH overall was in vogue. For the past 77 years, two very wicked kings had ruled - Manesseh and his son Amon. ...


6

One example is: Deuteronomy 32:43 (NIV) 43 Rejoice, you nations, with his people,    for he will avenge the blood of his servants; he will take vengeance on his enemies    and make atonement for his land and people. Which we know from Hebrews 1:6 is referring to Christ. However, I suspect that Jesus was referring ...


6

There are three types of the law in the Bible: moral (part of which are also 10 commandments), ceremonial (for example Hebrew ceremonial holidays and activities), civil (Hebrew "country laws" and punishments) Most christians agree, that ceremonial and civil laws are not binding anymore (ceremonial laws pointed to Christ and ended with the cross). The ...


6

Most commentators follow a common Jewish understanding that the Jewish leaders immediately relayed his words to their clans or households. Unto all Israel. It cannot be supposed that Moses spoke to the whole multitude of the people so as to be heard by them. Hence the Jewish interpreters say that he spoke to the elders of the people, who carried his ...


5

There are two big things that come to the top of my head: Deuteronomy describes the death and burial of Moses (the book's supposed author). Moses could have finished the book before ascending the mountain, but that seems much less likely than a contribution from another author to complete it. Numbers 12:3 Now Moses was a humble man: the most humble man in ...


4

The Sun does not destroy the Moon but when it rises the Moon passes away.  I will answer this question from a Covenant Theology standpoint. The law is commonly divided into ceremonial, moral and civil. In Christianity it is agreed by most that Christ fulfilled the meaning of all that was ceremonial and that therefore when the curtain of the temple was ...


4

This is a difficult issue in many ways, although Mason makes a good point which is worth a lot of thought. Jesus told us he came not to abolish the law, but to fulfill it. Certainly, the Jewish sacrificial system sees it's entire fulfillment in the work of the cross and is entirely voided and unnecessary as a result. Paul explains that Christ came to set ...


4

I've found "Judaism 101" at jewfaq.org to be a reasonably sound site when looking for answers to questions about Judaism. Here's their basic definition of Torah: The word "Torah" is a tricky one, because it can mean different things in different contexts. In its most limited sense, "Torah" refers to the Five Books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, ...


3

Paul supports the Torah to the extent that he believes it was a valuable and God-given thing in its day. However he very clearly indicates that Christians are not bound by its requirements. Much of the Epistle to the Romans is devoted to this subject, and it gets extensive discussion in other places. I will do no more than quote a couple of important ...


3

The rabbis debate the meaning of the verse in Bava Batra 14b. מִצַּד is a rare combination, but it certainly means "beside" in Jos. 3:16, Jos. 12:9, Ruth 2:14, 1 Sam. 20:25. I see no instances where it can unequivocally be asserted to mean "in," "inside," or "within." Had Moshe intended to say that it was placed "inside" the Ark, why wouldn't he have written ...


3

The classic works on the Documentary Hypothesis (DH) are Julius Wellhausen's Die Composition des Hexateuch und der historischen Bücher des Alten Testaments and Prolegomena to the History of [Ancient] Israel (the latter of which, incidentally, is available in English for free via google books). The theory is generally attributed to Karl Graf, but it was ...


3

What it shows is there is a Natural Moral Law that does not require special revelation to discern. http://www.equip.org/articles/what-is-natural-moral-law/ Again, these basic principles of moral obligation are absolutes that are knowable (at least in principle) by all people everywhere without the aid of Scripture. What is meant by an absolute here? ...


3

At the time of Christ, the largest proponents of the Oral Law were the Pharisees. On multiple occasions, the Pharisees caught Jesus breaking some of the Oral Laws and confronted Him about it in order to discredit His ministry. Jesus responded by calling the Oral Law "traditions of men". He taught that they were not only unnecessary to follow, since they ...


2

You are referring to John 5:46-47 46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me. 47 But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?” There are several messianic prophecies that were known to the pharisees and specifically Isaiah 7:14, which states that the messiah will be called Immanuel or "God with us". ...


2

Jesus a perfect sacrifice (a fulfillment of the law of Moses) the Lamb in the first passover of Exodus 12 had to be kept for four days before the passover for inspection. Jesus fulfulled the law in that way because in the few days leading up to his death, on the passover, he was questioned the most severely by the Jews.(Luke 20:40 - And after that they ...


2

Depending on the translation, it could be rendered "in the side" or "by the side" or "beside". The tablets given to Moses were kept inside the Ark, as was the rod that budded, and manna (Heb 9:4).


2

Complete manuscripts of the scriptures are very rare, and the ones we do have are quite "late" in archeological terms. Generally speaking, manuscripts will occasionally comprise a complete "book" (or almost a complete book, as in the "Great Isaiah Scroll" from the cave at Qumran near the Dead Sea), but other than that, the oldest complete copy of the Old ...


2

Torah in it's simplest definition is the first five books of Hebrew Bible (Tanakh). In its broader sense, it could also mean the whole Jewish teachings and practices. List of books accepted by Jews and Christians are almost similar with some little differences. Canonization may be different but the individual books are same, only the list is different. In ...


2

I am not an expert, but the way I understand it, Hebrews were permitted to take slaves as prisoners of war, or as indentured servants, however they were required to take good care of them and free them in the seventh year, sending them off with gifts. Generally speaking, if the Hebrews were rich enough to own the land and the slaves to work it, he was ...


2

If you want to know what the passage "literally meant," we should start with a literal translation. After all "unaware of it" is a paraphrase. This is literal: Leviticus 5:4 KJV Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, ...



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