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15

We need to be careful thinking that our English (or other language) translations always reflect God's Words perfectly. The word 'Ark' when referring to Noah's ark or the ark of bullrushes that Moses was placed into is the hebrew word 'teebah'. The word used for the Ark of the Covenant is 'arown'. I believe that there are similarities between the two as ...


15

An ark isn't a boat - it is a place of refuge - a container that protects things. Jews place their Torahs in an "ark" - a special box made to preserve the contents. The ark of the covenant was a box that protected and preserved the 10 commandments, Aarons rod, and an omer of manna. More importantly, despite the fact that when you say "ark" most people ...


14

The term "Elder" actually has two (related) meanings among Latter-Day Saints: first, it's an office in the Priesthood, which all worthy male members can attain. It doesn't imply any leadership, just certain duties, responsibilities, and privileges associated with being an Elder in the Priesthood. All male missionaries must be found worthy to be ordained an ...


13

The most useful term is one of those you already mentioned: non-trinitarian. The technically correct—but practically speaking useless—term is unnitarian. As you already found out, the latter quickly becomes confusing due to its overlap with a specific denomination that has other theological (in)distinctives. There is one more related term, Arianism, which ...


12

Cult is not an easy word to define. In popular culture usage, it is often used to refer to any "group whose beliefs or practices are considered abnormal or bizarre"1. This easily explains the bulk of the general usage, particularly by media. It is an easy label to slap on any group small enough if their practices are abnormal or bizarre enough to attract ...


11

In the US, a Bible college is typically a 2 year or 4 year school that specializes in Christian undergraduate education. (typically with programs like Biblical Studies, youth ministry, things like that, rather than traditional math/science/teaching programs you'd find at say a Christian liberal arts school) A seminary is typically a graduate school that ...


10

There are two senses In the benign sense, a cult is any minority group with shared beliefs or practices that intentionally deviate from the majority. The connotation is one of foreignness and friction with a larger group. In the malignant sense, the psychological perspective is generally applied, and there actually is set of criteria (a "formula") for ...


8

There are Reformed Christians who are not Presbyterian (or at least wouldn't call themselves that), especially in the Dutch or Continental tradition such as the RCUS and URCNA. There are also Presbyterians that are not Reformed, such as many in the PCUSA, who would be better called "liberal". Further complicating the matter is that, as Brian Johnson pointed ...


7

Summary: As you noted, the concept of a "personal relationship with Jesus" could be argued from Scripture, but it is certainly not emphasized in any way. Relationship with God is almost exclusively described in Scripture as a communal experience. The emphasis on "personal relationship" is a modern emphasis, and is rooted more in Enlightenment thinking ...


7

"Veneration" and "worship" are imprecise terms. The precise terms are: Dulia: a theological term signifying the honor paid to the saints. Hyperdulia: a theological term signifying the honour paid to Mary the mother of Jesus. Latria: a theological term signifying the honour paid to God. "Veneration" is commonly associated with dulia and hyperdulia; ...


7

Perhaps the greatest difference between mainstream Christianity and LDS theology lies in this point: The mainline definition of "divinity" includes "Within Christianity it belongs to God alone". Since the "mainstream" understanding of who Christ is is that Jesus is God, not a physical/spiritual son of God, this bears on the doctrine of the Trinity. ...


7

Restorationist movements imagine themselves to be "restoring" a more pristine form of Christianity, while reformed movements have their roots in the Protestant Reformation. A good example of a restorationist church are the so-called Stone-Campbell churches that had their beginnings on the American frontier and now refer to themselves as the "Restoration ...


6

I think that's considered His passive will as opposed to His active will ...the will is the intellectual appetite. But in the intellect there are two powers--the active and the passive. Summa Theologica Question 83 article 4 objection 3


6

I would affirm and add that "holy" is also important for understanding the vocation of God's people, not simply individual moral virtue. To be holy, as mentioned, means "to be set apart." God's purpose for Israel was to be set apart for upholding God's covenant - to ultimately be the agents of peace and healing for the rest of the world (Is. 49:6 - a type ...


5

The progression in your list is actually somewhat (although not exactly) representative of the decreasing level of weight carried by the word. Let's start with this: Only God is holy. Holy means to be set apart, entirely-other. Untouched by any imperfection. Unmarred by any fault. God is the only one that matches these criteria. And boy is he Holy. The ...


5

There is no universally accepted terminology for this idea. While some circles have distinctions they make, the lines between them and the terminology are not ubiquitous. Whatever terms you use, you would do well to define what you mean by them as part of your own content. That being said, the most common terms I have heard are Will of Decree and Will of ...


5

The word professing means "to declare openly". So a "professing Christian" is one who declares their faith openly. This leads to the conclusion that the opposite of a professing Christian is one who does not announce his or her faith. They may believe and practice their Christianity in private. Christianity Today recently divided Christians into five ...


5

Like so many ordinary and common words, cult has a specific meaning in the Catholic Church which sounds weird from the outside. When a saint is declared a Servant of God by a Bishop, it gives the ok for a local cult to rise up around that holy person. This cult can extend to the entire world once the person is declared venerable. So, in this case, the ...


5

To bless is related to to consecrate. Both imply an act of recognizing and/or declaring and devoting something to have a particular purpose or holiness. If a father blesses his son's decision in a matter, we mean that the father supports and acknowledges the decision. If a priest blesses a marriage, he declares, with the approval of the whole Church in the ...


5

To reform is to change what already is there, and to restore is to return to its original state. It probably depends which congregation within Christianity you're asking. Some protestants may consider themselves restorationists, and others reformational. Other Christians use the term and eschew the "Protestant" label. For example, Latter-day Saints ...


4

There is no single definition of "cult". There are several definitions of which I am aware, and I can't say any of them are necessarily more right than any others. Words only have meanings insofar as people agree to give them the meanings that they do. So we can't say one of these definitions is right and the other is wrong. We can just say they are ...


4

Interesting question. From what I can tell 'brother' if the most common term, followed by saints and believers, far behind in second place. Christian is what outsiders called the believer so it is last. Here are the hits based on the greek words; Χριστιανός Christiania; Christian 3  πιστός pistos -believers,faithful 53 ἅγιος hagios - saints 61 ἀδελφός ...


4

Yes they do have different meanings, though not consistently. Joseph Fielding Smith declared about the fall: I never speak of the part Eve took in this fall as a sin, nor do I accuse Adam of a sin. … This was a transgression of the law, but not a sin … for it was something that Adam and Eve had to do! -Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, ...


4

TL; DR - essentially, it is a method of praising God and bringing him glory. This article addresses the very issue: There are two main things that we do when we bless the Lord. The first is synonymous with giving thanks and praise. Some translations actually say, “Give thanks to the Lord,” where others say, “Bless the Lord.” So, blessing the Lord is ...


4

Perhaps a bit of history concerning the label "Roman Catholic" will serve us well by shedding light upon (if not answering) this very good question. The term "Roman Catholic" appears to be directly connected to the Reformation in England, and was originally an imposed derogatory term of condescension. The Catholic Encyclopedia references the Oxford ...


4

The term Messianic Jew refers to Christians who identify as Jewish, as compared to those who identify as Russian, English, Thai etc. Most of them are of Jewish descent, though there are some who are not but have chosen to identify themselves as Jewish. Most Messianic Jews believe there is a very strong continuity between the Hebrew scriptures and ...


3

Early Christians were often exhorted to "test every Spirit" to see if it was of God. (1 John 4:1). When the Bible was first received, there was very little question of whether or not spirits were at work, but rather which ones. For this reason, the question "Is it God" isn't particularly within the domain of Scripture - or even doctrine. God is assumed ...


3

The two terms are often used interchangeably, in line with John's declaration that "sin is the transgression of the law." (1 John 3:4) However, there is at least one significant point in LDS doctrine where the two terms are treated as distinct. The second Article of Faith states: We believe that men will be punished for their own sins, and not for ...


3

I think the popularity of the phrase "personal relationship with Jesus", and "accepting Jesus into your heart" among evangelicals comes from the influence of a few evangelical figureheads in the past century such as Billy Graham, Bill Bright, and others. However, the concepts themselves - when understood correctly - can certainly be found in very explicit ...


3

The Roman Catholic definition of prayer just means to communicate to God or the saints. To "pray" to a deity is to ask the deity for something, which involves communication. This is different from worship, which means to honor or show respect. Because a prayer means communication and worship means respect, prayer may be an act of worship or reverence. When ...



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