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10

There seems to be two views on what the letters "RNIO" mean in the Carlos Crivelli painting. I only have one reference for the answer: Dr. Liliana Leopardi, an expert in Italian Renaissance art, Assistant Professor of Art and Art History at Chapman University, who was gracious enough to share her knowledge with me through personal correspondence. ...


3

The seventh candle seems to be the jurisdiction candle. The number of candles "at a pontifical high Mass, celebrated by the ordinary, seven candles are lighted. The seventh candle should be somewhat higher than the others, and should be placed at the middle of the altar in line with the other six. For this reason the altar crucifix is moved forward a ...


2

This might not really answer your question, but the first thing that popped up into my head was the Book of Revelations. John has a series of visions and one of the symbols used is the Seven Candlesticks. Revelations 1:12 :- "And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;" According to the Zondervan KJV ...


11

This connection was made by fathers as early as Irenaeus (d. 202). Here's a table showing the views of several fathers whose writings we have on this subject: Lion Ox Man Eagle Irenaeus (d. 202) John Luke Matthew Mark Victorinus (d. 303) Mark Luke Matthew John Jerome (d. ...



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