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9

The John Owen who translated many of John Calvin's works was the Vicar of Thrussington, Leicestershire. OWEN , JOHN ( 1788 - 1867 ), cleric and author ; son of Owen and Eleanor Owen , Cilirwysg , Llanfihangel Ystrad, Cards. The parents were Calvinistic Methodists but two of their sons took orders — John Owen and David Owen (for the latter see Yr Haul , ...


8

Lazarus and others died of the "first death" and were raised back to the same earthly body as before they died. Their ultimate fate was still to be determined, be it everlasting life or the "second death" on judgement day. Jesus died of the "second death" to pay the penalty of death for believers. He was raised up in full glory as a conquerer, and it is ...


5

In the first place: the pronoun "they" in Romans 1:27 does not refer to the Romans reading the letter, nor necessarily to anyone they knew. It refers back to the group described in Romans 1:18 as those who suppress the truth by their wickedness These may or may not have been actual specific persons; the New American Bible (the standard Bible to be used ...


5

In essence, the Catholic Church takes the position that Paul is not intending to attribute actual sin to every human being that has ever existed. For the benefit of readers not familiar with the Catholic doctrine on sin, the Church distinguishes between actual sin (sometimes also called personal sin), which consists in concrete actions in which a person ...


4

I think most commentators have understood "terror to good conduct" a little differently than you are understanding it. The phrase is φόβος τῷ ἀγαθῷ ἔργῳ (phobos tō agathō ergō) — literally, "fear [to] the good work". This is nonsensical English, so the ESV has used "terror", which works. I think the idea they intend convey, though, is made more ...


4

There are three principal interpretations of this passage among Protestants and Catholics. "All Israel" might refer to: A future large-scale conversion of Jewish people to Christianity All the Jewish people elected by God All the people of God, both Gentiles and Jews The first of these views is easily the most popular, and is widely held by ...


4

Christ was raised in a glorified, or spiritual body: So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. (1 Corinthians 15:42–44; NIV) ...


2

Many interpret it in light of the rest of the larger section, Romans 9-11, which indicates that Paul's language of election is about Jews and Gentiles. In fact, cutting off that section at verse 23 is quite artificial, and even the Reformed-leaning ESV translation groups 9:1-29 into a single pericope. On this interpretation, election is not a choice by God ...


2

What you see is narrowness and broadness, so you see the two passages as contradictory. But if we look at their details, we see that they have nothing to do with each other. Jesus is talking about destruction, roads, and gates while Paul is talking about days and food. Jesus is using roads and gates figuratively while Paul is talking about days and food ...


2

How is “every man be fully persuaded in his own mind” not contradictory to the “narrow is the way leading to life”? The Romans verse in context is referring to disputes between Christians. The "narrow way" refers to those from the population at large who have become Christian. Even the nation of Israel had the problem of the "broad way" that leads to ...


2

The unfaithfulness of the Jews in no way hinders or nullifies God's promises to Abraham and his seed. "What I am saying is this: the Law, which came four hundred and thirty years later, does not invalidate a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise." (Galatians 3:17 NASB) Despite their unfaithfulness, God has confirmed and ...


2

Yes, clearly and obviously, Luther added the word "alone" to his translation. But that's not the real question to ask. If you'll permit a small digression, the real question is why. It is clear that his reason is to make the meaning of the greek in the receptor language (german). In other words, the greek carries with it the nuance of 'alone' in the greek ...


2

Evangelical theologians teach that these two passages do not instruct us to "enjoy" trials in the sense of getting pleasure out of them. Rather, we are to have joy despite the trials, because we recognize them to be profitable. On James 1:2, Thomas Constable writes that the trials themselves are not the source of joy, but rather what they produce: ...


1

Romans 2:14-15, what is the state of these Gentiles, and to whom does this apply? I think you can make the case that this is describing unsaved gentiles. In context, the contrast is drawn upon those that have the law and those that do not. Romans 2:11-13 For there is no respect of persons with God. For as many as have sinned without law shall also ...


1

Does the Bible tell us what the phrase “times of the Gentiles” or "fullness of Gentiles" means? Often the Bible says something that offers a glimpse of something that raises many more questions than it answers. Luke 21:20-24 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. Then let them which ...


1

Paul is not making any sort of argument here. he is not asking us to "follow the logic" here. After all, what logical argument would you use in a discussion centered on people rising from the dead? Paul is teaching doctrine here. He is declaring that Jesus has conquered and is the master of death. If your understanding is that Paul is putting forward ...


1

In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards? The faithfulness of God is more about his constancy that his word is trustworthy and his promises absolute. Even Einstein caught a part of this when he said that he believed in the God of Spinoza that made himself manifest in the harmony of nature. Which words and which judging is referred to? ...


1

Paul refers to “the saints” many times in his writings. The clearest definition of a saint is found in his salutation at the beginning of 1 Corinthians: 1 Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother, 2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called ...


1

First off: knowing this first: that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation. (2 Peter 1:20) I would not hinge your belief on such a hotly debated topic based on the way prominent theologians interpret it. We can understand the Word ourselves: by which, when you read, you may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ ...


1

In Romans 7 is Paul talking about before or after he was saved? This question often arises as many Christians identify with the frustration and sense of defeat given in chapter seven. However, in context Paul is describing a contrast between trying to do good in the flesh (chapter seven) and by the Spirit (chapter eight). The mixing of past and present ...



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