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As Andrew points out in his answer, Benedict XVI (Cardinal Ratzinger) has effectively written a great deal in order to precisely clarify what the Church teaches concerning the necessity of purgatory. In his book Death and Eternal Life he writes: The transforming 'moment' of this encounter cannot be quantified by the measurements of earthly time. It ...


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Pope Benedict XVI addressed this in a General Audience on 15 February 2012: The second word spoken by Jesus on the Cross recorded by St Luke is a word of hope, it is his answer to the prayer of one of the two men crucified with him. The good thief comes to his senses before Jesus and repents, he realizes he is facing the Son of God who makes the very ...


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The geography of the afterlife is not a topic where the church had "doctrine" as such, though there have always been a variety of traditions and stories about this sort of thing. Dante's scheme does reflect an underlying theology, so I'll tackle this from a theological perspective. The layouts of Hell, Purgatory and Heaven are all in some sense "orthodox" in ...


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I believe there are many points on which Dante had disagreed with the Church teachings of his times. For example Divine Comedy was written around 1308 A.D. to 1321 A.D, in which he has depicted many Popes as suffering eternal damnation in hell namely Pope Anastasius II and Pope Nicholas III. Even though The doctrine of Papal infallibility was defined ...


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The way the Good Thief entered Heaven is an example of how God is not bound by His sacraments. 1257 The Lord himself affirms that Baptism is necessary for salvation. He also commands his disciples to proclaim the Gospel to all nations and to baptize them. Baptism is necessary for salvation for those to whom the Gospel has been proclaimed and who have ...


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Depends on where you put the comma. “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.” “Truly I tell you today, you will be with me in paradise.” Jesus told the Good Thief that the two of them would be together "this day" in "Paradise" (Luke 23:43; see also Matthew 27:38); but between on the Sunday of his resurrection he said that he had "not yet ...


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The Catechism says: "An indulgence is partial or plenary according as it removes either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin." The faithful can gain indulgences for themselves or apply them to the dead. CCC 1471 and I think that answers it. Every time you bless yourself with holy water, you have a partial indulgence. A plenary ...


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Reading the biblical narrative, we can conclude that the good thief's sins are forgiven by Christ on the cross. And that the thief would have followed Christ if he were to live (baptism of desire). A sinner who dies after receiving baptism without atoning for his sins he will not enter purgatory. With these two reasonable assumptions, we can say that the ...


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I would imagine that the Orthodox priest, his interlocutor, or both, misinterpreted what they were seeing. As you know, the Church has a concept of "partial indulgence", historically often associated with a specific amount of time. The intention, as I understand it, is that gaining the indulgence corresponds not to that amount of time off Purgatory, but to ...


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I think Dante "defined" the afterlife for many. I have read that the masterpiece was NOT the Inferno but rather the Purgatorio. Having read the entire Commedia many times, I tend to agree with that assessment. The mountain structure of the Purgatorio and the ending, where Dante parts company with Virgil and has his encounter with Beatrice, is profound and ...


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This doctrine of purgatory makes Jesus' sacrifice a failure. The scriptures say Jesus' atonement on the cross was complete for the atonement of sin. 1 John 1 says if we confess to Jesus we are forgiven and cleansed from all unrighteousness. Not some but all - we do not need to be purified in purgatory! It blasphemy... salvation is not completed of yourself, ...



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