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10

Some background: what Purgatory is, and what it is not Before answering the question, it is necessary to understand exactly what the Church means by “Purgatory.” The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) says the following: 1030. All who die in God's grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; ...


8

It appears that Augustine believed that purgatory was real, but didn't believe the matter was settled. His agnosticism seems clearest in this passage: It is a matter that may be inquired into, and either ascertained or left doubtful, whether some believers shall pass through a kind of purgatorial fire, and in proportion as they have loved with more or ...


8

Luther's beliefs on purgatory evolved over time. A quick search on the Internet will find people claiming he accepted purgatory, offering quotes to prove it, and others saying he rejected it, also offering quotes to prove it. As such, a thorough investigation into his belief during different time periods is warranted. 95 Theses Any investigation into ...


7

To the best of my knowledge, the details of purgatory have never been set out in an official Vatican document (like a papal bull, council decree, etc.). The magisterium of the church is somewhat vague on this point. (For some well-cited reading on various aspects of purgatory, see New Advent's Catholic Encyclopedia.) Somewhat recently, however, Pope ...


5

The only one I've seen Wright specifically identify is Pope Benedict XVI. In Wright's 2004 book For All the Saints?, after briefly discussing Karl Rahner's unusual purgatorial theology, he turns to a discussion of Benedict: Perhaps more remarkable still is the view of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who has held high office in the Vatican for many years. ...


3

The means of any forgiveness is penance. The following is taken from the Catechism of the Catholic Church: ARTICLE 4: THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE AND RECONCILIATION 1422 Those who approach the sacrament of Penance obtain pardon from God's mercy for the offense committed against him, and are, at the same time, reconciled with the Church which they have ...


3

In an appendix to Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica, Jean Nicolai, a 17th-century commentator on Aquinas, states that not much can be said about Purgatory, but he seems to imply that it is a place: Nothing is clearly stated in Scripture about the situation of Purgatory, nor is it possible to offer convincing arguments on this question. It is probable, ...


2

"1.2. It is a divinely revealed truth that sins bring punishments inflicted by God's sanctity and justice. These must be expiated either on this earth through the sorrows, miseries and calamities of this life and above all through death, or else in the life beyond through fire and torments or "purifying" punishments." "INDULGENTIARUM DOCTRINA" (Apostolic ...


2

It's a complex issue which might not be addressed completely by this answer right now. But given enough time I'll elaborate more detail to address many aspects related to this controversy in great depth on my next update. For those unfamiliar with the debate between Hieromonk Seraphim Rose and Archbishop Lazarus Puhalo, this might be a good preliminary ...



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