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"A man cannot have salvation, except in the Catholic Church. Outside the Catholic Church he can have everything except salvation. He can have honor, he can have Sacraments, he can sing alleluia, he can answer amen, he can possess the gospel, he can have and preach faith in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; but never except in the ...


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There is a very plain and clear answer in the Bible itself as to how to keep the Sabbath: Isaiah 58:13,14 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor ...


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To those who believe in the perseverance of the saints, "keeping watch over your souls" does not imply "preventing your soul from falling into eternal damnation." Matthew Henry interprets the phrase this way: They are to watch against every thing that may be hurtful to the souls of men, and to give them warning of dangerous errors, of the devices of ...


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Because although Christians cannot lose their salvation, they can still appear before the Lord in shame rather than in confidence (1 John 2:28). The good shepherds who watch over the flock want them to enter into the best the Lord has for them, and not be "scarcely saved" (1 Peter 4:17-18). Not all Christians will inherit a crown and rule with Christ; that ...


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Protestants actually provide a variety of interpretations of this passage. The "easy" answer, that this refers to the "unforgiveable sin," is held by some, but others argue that the case for that interpretation is weak, and suggest several alternatives. A couple of notes to begin: Protestant definitions of the unforgiveable sin vary significantly, and ...


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From Protestant Philosopher, Gordon Clark, comes the following: "The crux of the difficulty with the popular analysis of faith into notitia (understanding), assensus (assent), and fiducia (trust), is that fiducia comes from the same root as fides (faith). Hence this popular analysis reduces to the obviously absurd definition that faith consists of ...


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Firstly, it should be noted that not all Protestants reject the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception. It is not as though there is a uniform Protestant doctrine that strictly states the Immaculate Conception to be false (if there is I am unaware of it). Martin Luther himself defended the Immaculate Conception: But the other conception, namely the ...


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Protestant critiques of Swedenborgianism first appeared shortly after the publications of his spiritual writings in the middle of the 18th century. Protestant theologians focused most closely on his teachings and those of his followers through the 19th century, and since then have afforded Swedenborgianism relatively little attention.1 The primary ...


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As a Catholic, I think the best argument against the Immaculate Conception is that the Gospel of Luke can be interpreted as the Virgin receiving Grace during the Annunciation. Some key Fathers such as St. Augustine, which Lutherans and Calvinists are both fond of as well, even seems to teach against it when he says that Mary "received the Word in her heart ...


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There is no biblical basis to come up with the notion of Mary's conception being "immaculate" in the first place. There is also no theological need for it, just as there was no need for anyone else in Jesus' lineage to be either. The notion, as cited by you above, seems to arise as a result of a logical demand that Jesus, as the Son of God, should enter ...


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The simplifying or outright dismantling of liturgies has been in train since the beginning of the Reformation, particularly as it started to unfold in Switzerland under Huldrych Zwingli. From the linked Wikipedia article: Shortly before Easter (1525), Zwingli and his closest associates requested the council to cancel the mass and to introduce the new ...


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Seventh Day Adventists is also a mainstream protestant denomination (with trinity, faith-centered outlook, etc) that stresses faith but places importance on the fruits of faith for salvation. As many founders were methodists who embraced the Millerite movement, methodists and Seventh Day Adventists share some commonality in their understanding of salvation. ...


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Phillipians 2: 5-8 clearly explains it - Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and ...


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It's easy to find individuals who deny salvation to non-Trinitarians: Are Non-Trinitarians saved? I always wondered this since they deny the true nature of God. Jehovahs witnesses and Mormons do not have the same Christ as the Bible but only God can judge. No. Anyone denying The Creator as He has revealed Himself, Triune, will ...


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I intend to respond considering primarily the 'mainstream' Protestant denominations, with minimal (if any) reference to the more obscure sects. This is because I think the term 'Protestant' belongs to those who accept a handful of certain beliefs (trinity, faith-centered outlook, etc) that are often not present in the more rare denominations. Referring to ...


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There is no "trinitarian protestant" who is *obligated to have faith in the Trinity to be saved. For instance: There are Protestant denominations that do teach that anyone who denies the Trinity (but not the divinity of Christ) is saved and that's the Calvinists, Presbyterian, Baptists in the Reformed tradition: The Athanasian Creed demands belief in ...


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I don't know of anyone who made this formulation explicit. One example of where all four are present is in the Confessions of Augustine: Scripture: Confessions quotes from scripture extensively. Reason: Augustine describes at length the importance of Cicero and Plato in his conversion, and how even there he saw God's light through their reason. Experience: ...


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Yes. I'll outline the specifics for one denomination, the Presbyterian Church in America, that baptizes both adults and infants, so you can get a picture of how both situations are handled. General requirements There are a few requirements that apply to both infant and adult baptisms: A baptism must administered by an ordained minister. It must be done ...


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Within the writings of defenders of the trichotomic nature of man there is significant variation on the question of the nature of angels. The trichotomy of man is a much more popular doctrine within Protestantism than in other branches of Christianity, so that's the perspective that I'll be able to share. The simplest part of this question is, do angels ...


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Richard Hooker, a 16th Century Anglican Priest and one of the major architects of the early Church of England, said theology was derived from a combination of scripture, tradition, and reason. This has since become known as the "three-legged stool of Anglicanism." John Wesley was an Anglican Priest (and Methodism began as a movement within the Anglican ...


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What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16? Earlier in John's letter he states that those who have no love for their fellow Christians "abide in death". 1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death. Even just a few verses earlier (5:12) John says ...


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This is a fantastic question. Here's my answer. Firstly, I would argue that the definition you use from Oxford English Dictionary is actually not as encompassing of the actual theology as it could be. Going against Oxford English Dictionary is a bold claim, so I'll provide another definition. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy “Panentheism” is a ...


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To answer your main question: The Council of Laodicea, being a regional council, would only have been binding on the Faithful living in the region (specifically, on areas that were represented by their bishops). Being only a regional, and not an ecumenical council, it is not binding on all the Faithful. For your question about scripture, the answer is a ...


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A good friend of mine and her husband attend a non-denominational Bible Church. I go to services with them (Mass on Saturday though, I'm Catholic). Their church has "The Lord's Table" once a month. The first time I attended when they had The Lord's Table my friend said "Oh I have to go downstairs ( to their social hall) to get the communion." Of course ...


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Protestant here. I keep the sabbath by trying not to do work, but instead, very intentionally love God and love His people. What does that look like? Church, leading worship, praying, studying the scriptures, etc. Now for sure, we are to do these things all the time, but work gets in the way and distracts. On the sabbath, I set things aside and try to be as ...



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