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14

You are correct that most Protestants do not see the bread and wine as anything more than symbols. There is no blessing that is ever attempted to transform the elements into the literal body and blood of Christ. Consequently, the bread and wine (or juice) that could be stored for long periods of time prior to the observance of the Eucharist (the Lord's ...


14

No, not really. While you might find them sometimes lumped together, they aren't a subset of the class. In some popular usage, the term "Protestant" has come to mean anything that doesn't properly fall under the umbrella of either Catholicism or Orthodoxy. In this sense where there is no "Option D, none of the above", one would have to throw them in with ...


12

The Bible itself -- if you'll pardon my interpretation -- seems to support such a practice. In the Old Testament, the law is read aloud to the people (Deut 31:10-13; Josh 8:34f; 2Kgs 23:2; Neh 8:1ff) and the king is required to copy out the law so that he may know it and do it (Deut 17:18ff). In both cases, it is read "raw" and the people and rulers are to ...


11

Preface, this is a Protestant response. I'm not arguing the validity of it, or any claims here, just answering the question. the short Protestant response would be "Meh". A general Protestant response to each point would be: 1) Where in Scripture does it say there would be any such thing as Apostolic succession? The New Testament speaks of several ...


9

Latter-Day Saints do not consider themselves to be Protestants. The most fundamental concept of the Protestant tradition is an attempt to replace Catholic traditions and Catholic theology with a reformed theology derived from reading the Bible and attempting to interpret it properly. Latter-Day Saints believe that this is impossible to do successfully; that ...


9

At the First Vatican Council (1869), the Catholic Church defined the doctrine of papal infallibility. The Church certainly believed in papal infallibility long before that, but there was some disagreement over the specifics. At that council, the long-held belief was codified as, itself, an infallible teaching. First Vatican Council - Section 4, Chapter 4, ...


9

Good question, it is written "Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men." (Philippians 2:5-7) Herein it says Jesus is equal with God (the Father), ...


7

"Protestantism" is the name of a movement. "Protestants" are people who are part of that movement. It's the same relationship as between the words "Catholicism" and "Catholics". Catholics are the people who are part of Catholicism. The problem is that your definition of Protestants is far too narrow. Protestants don't pray to Mary (mostly - there are a few ...


7

As a non-denominational Protestant myself, I will admit that our independent-mindedness makes it more or less impossible to predict what a particular individual will believe. However, if you would like to know what the hypothetical "average" non-denominational Protestant believes, then that is totally possible. The Hartford Institute for Religion Research ...


7

In Baptist circles, seminary is just like college for secular students. The student pays for his or her own tuition. (O.K. for Pastors in conservative Baptist Churches I may as well just say "his own tuition".) As an example... In my neck of the woods, most Baptist pastors-to-be attend Maranatha Bible College. their tuition and costs page is found here, ...


6

A Christian denomination is simply a group of churches which have agreed to work together (in over-simplified terms). Some denominations have very rigid structures, others not so much. They tend to share some degree of theological beliefs, but even within a denomination there may be a wide variance. A non-denominational church, by contrast, simply does ...


6

Episcopalians: The ushers count the congregation and count the wafers to match. If they miscounted the Priest in charge reserves the wafers in a "tabernacle" on the altar. They drink all of the wine/water. If a wafer is dropped it is retrieved quickly and consumed by the Priest. Whether or not individuals believe the wafer is the actual body of Christ is ...


6

Yes, salvation can still be considered a gift. In general, something can be considered a gift if it: Is positive/desirable Is given rather than earned (otherwise it should be called a wage) Is given without obligation of repayment (otherwise it should be called a loan) Whether a gift can be resisted or not has no bearing on its "giftiness". According ...


6

The most significant difference is in how new Elders come into office. In an Elder Ruled church, existing ordained elders have the responsibility of finding or training equipped leadership and appointing them to office in the local church. In an Elder Led church, the appointed Elder board may exercise spiritual oversight over the body but ultimately also ...


6

Jesus also said: “Behold, I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves, so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves. (Matthew 10:16) and Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. (Matthew 7:6) Wisdom would suggest that one choose ...


5

It depends on the Protestant tradition you follow. Generally speaking, if you don't believe in consubstantiation, and believe in something similar to real-presence, than we don't necessarily consume the body/blood of Jesus in a physical way, but feed on Jesus in a real spiritual way. And, we are again nourished from the presence of God by daily bible ...


5

The biggest issue that divides most Protestants isn't theology or Scripture, but rather church governance. At the most radical end of the spectrum, Mennonites, Baptists, and other Anabaptists believe there is authority ceded to any priest beyond that which the local congregation gives it. As such, they have no bishops or eccelesicatical authority - ...


5

The Thirty Years War was a really bad time, and in many ways may be responsible for the grief between Catholics and Protestants. While I would argue it is way, way less bad than it was in the past, in the past it could be very bad. In Pilgrim's Progress, for example, the Protestant John Bunyan (who was in jail for preaching!), compared the Pope to a Pagan ...


5

The Protestant Reformation is based on, among other things, "sola scriptura"--that the Bible alone is the basis for all doctrine and practice. There are probably two essential points in this matter. The Priesthood of All Believers First, a common doctrine of Protestants is the priesthood of all believers. It is believed that there is no biblical ...


5

James 5:16 (which you quoted) is pretty clear that we confess our sins to the righteous, honorable ones in the church in order to be prayed for regarding those issues. These people know what it means to sin and be shamed by it, so they will treat the confession with respect and discreetness. They themselves have struggled with sin and know its power; they ...


5

The Filioque is considered to be of extremely significant importance in Reformed Theology. Even in Reformed-flavored Protestantism (such as that found at The Gospel Coalition), it has implications for Scripture's authority, as well as preaching and discipleship. These implications include the authority of Scripture and the preaching and discipleship of the ...


5

In general, what you've heard is similar to a widely held perspective within Protestantism. From Luther: “Feelings come and feelings go, And feelings are deceiving; My warrant is the Word of God-- Naught else is worth believing. This highlights though, that our faith should be based on the Word of God - not on our own thinking. It is entirely ...


4

The biblical basis is repeated like a refrain throughout the first chapter of Genesis (Douay-Rheims translation, my emphases): [10] And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. ... [12] And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its ...


4

if you want to understand Catholic teaching you really ought to consult the Catechism. Afterall, authentic teachings are always going to be more accurate than what you have 'heard'. The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) teaches that Adam and Eve were constituted in an original "state of holiness and justice" (CCC 375, 376 398), free from concupiscence ...


4

At its most basic level, Protestants believe Mary merely to be the earthly mother of Jesus - not the eternal mother of "God." To imply that she had a role in creating that which is divine with Him seems an overreach. This is not to say that Jesus is not God, but Mary's role is as a vehicle for the incarnation, not the means by which the Godhood was made. ...


4

"Protestantism" is extremely diverse, and there is pretty much no single way that Protestants do anything. This is especially true of the Eucharist. Some Protestants do believe that the transformation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus is real. Others believe in treating the communion elements with special reverence even if the ...


4

I am aware of one protestant view that has not been brought up, so here it is for your consideration: To interpret John 6:53 we examine the context, close to the beginning of the conversation, at John 6:35. "He that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst." In this verse Jesus sets up the interpretation for the ...


4

I'll answer your questions from his book, A Memoir of Grace, by Chuck Smith (2009). Which Christian denomination(s) recognize his organization, and which ones do not? Why? I don't know the answer to this question. Not sure what you mean by "recognize," for I would recognize any organization if it had regular meetings and members. Do you mean anything ...


4

It depends on the mentality of the person. When Protestants hear some miracles happening from the Roman Catholic side, the 3 most common reactions are - Joy: When I hear a catholic healing others in the name of Jesus, I praise God and simply say, "Wow! God still loves the Roman Catholic Church!". Criticism: Some protestants who deem the RCC as the ...


4

Paul, in writing to Timothy (2 Tim 2:15) writes: Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth This good advice about a spiritual discipline that yields much fruit is the impetus for encouraging Bible study. It is true, to varying degrees, across all denominations. That one would ...



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