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Protestants trust what Paul and Luke wrote for the same reason Catholics, and all other Christians, believe what they wrote is correct: because the rest of the New Testament testifies to the veracity of what they say. Peter asserts Paul's writings are scripture in 2 Peter 3:14-16. The first several chapters of Acts are about everyone but Paul. And, from ...


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It appears that certain of the four gospels now considered canonical were once disputed, but Irenaeus insisted that there be four gospels, just as there are four corners of the earth. Bishop Eusebius of Caesaria, a leading church historian and contemporary of Constantine in the fourth century, wrote the Storia Ecclesiastica, in which he provided the first ...


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The order is based on the Vulgate translated by Jerome in the fourth century. However, this was 71 books. Several centuries later, Martin Luther removed some books of the Old Testament which, although they appeared in the Septuagint (the Greek Old Testament), were not part of the Hebrew Bible.


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The major problem with this question is the fact that the idea of "canon" is anachronistic to the first century. Even within the Christian tradition the "final" form of the canon didn't exist until the 4th century (see Athanasius' Festal Letter). Within Judaism, it was commonly held that the "canonization" of the Hebrew Bible took place at Jamnia (Javneh) in ...



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