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10

The Church had been initially organized in 1830 with Joseph Smith as the first Elder and Oliver Cowdery as the second. In 1832, Joseph Smith organized a First Presidency and appointed two counselors. One of these was Sidney Rigdon, The other was excommunicated in 1833 and his replacement disappeared about 1837. Oliver Cowdery had been appointed Assistant ...


10

In the Doctrine and Covenants, section 107 verses 13-17 we read: 13 The second priesthood is called the Priesthood of Aaron, because it was conferred upon Aaron and his seed, throughout all their generations. 14 Why it is called the lesser priesthood is because it is an appendage to the greater, or the Melchizedek Priesthood, and has power ...


9

Actually cardinals, bishops and pope, all hold one and the same degree of Holy Orders in the Catholic Church. All of them are bishops. Pope: Bishop of Rome is called Pope. As the bishop of Rome he is considered to be first amongst equals.Supremacy of Popes Pope just means Father/Papa Cardinals: They are special bishopssee note 1 chosen by the Pope to help ...


7

Short answer: Jesus did not ordain women. Long Answer: It is because of Christ's example in sacred scripture and because of Apostolic Tradition (Tradition with a capital 'T'). The Church does not consider herself authorized to change this. Christ could have ordained women to priesthood. He had the power to do that and he chose not to. Christ chose those ...


7

The Catholic Church believes in three different types of priests: (Edited from this Wikipedia article.) first, the priesthood of all believers (1 Peter 2:5–9); second, the ordained priesthood (Acts 14:23, Romans 15:16, Titus 1:5); and third, the high priesthood of Jesus (Hebrews 3:1). The Catholic Church accepts the 'priesthood of all believers' ...


6

The crux of this question seems to lie in the final paragraph: So, what specific priesthood did the line of Adam from Seth to Noah hold that would have to predate the other two priesthoods by at least four centuries? The confusion leading to this question is cleared up in Doctrine and Covenants, section 107: 2 Why the first [order of ...


5

I think it is as easy as you suspect. Hebrews does focus on the superiority of the New Covenant a little more from the ceremonial perspective than does some of the other Epistles, as this had more meaning to a Jewish audience. However this superiority of the blood of Christ, versus blood of bulls only has meaning as it satisfies the moral demands of the ...


4

John still held the priesthood during that time (as did the three Nephites who were given the same blessing as John), but the function of the priesthood was limited to his particular, ministerial duties. In other words, the fulness of the Priesthood was not active because its keys did not remain on the earth. John was not called to be the President of the ...


4

In short, it sucks. It sucks eggs. Really. It's like believing the Gospel, but not having any grace to go with it. The biggest problem with "losing one's faith" is that your moral compass remains unchanged. Unlike what I suspect many can do - namely ignore their own internal compass - priests are, by and large, a self-selected lot. People who are ...


4

Every sacrament requires the proper matter and form. For example, baptism needs water and the form "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen." The sacrament of Holy Communion requires unleavened bread and the form "This is my body… etc." The same goes for the sacrament of Holy Orders, whose matter is a male. One ...


4

The strongest restriction is that the priests of the Israelite nation could only be from the tribe of Levi, and specifically on descendants of Aaron. Some verses showing this include Numbers 3:10, 3:38 and 16:40: ... This was to remind the Israelites that no one except a descendant of Aaron should come to burn incense before the Lord ... The kingship ...


4

The Church has considered the question of the priestly ordination of women for nearly 40 years. The more recent, and more authoritative, pronouncement on the matter is in Ordinatio Sacerdotalis, an Apostolic Letter of Pope St. John Paul II, published in 1994. In this letter, the Pope concluded that in order that all doubt may be removed regarding a ...


3

The word that is translated Presbyter in both places (or elder in some translations) is πρεσβύτερος or presbyteros. (Strong's G4245) There were four types of leader in the early church: 1. apostles (ἀπόστολος or apostolos meaning delegate or messenger) 2. bishops (ἐπισκοπή or episkopē meaning overseer or guardian) 3. presbyters (πρεσβύτερος or presbyteros ...


3

Remember that for the first century of Christianity, it was really difficult to distinguish Christianity from Judaism. See Acts 15, for example, where the Jews are being to accommodate Christian Gentiles. As such, Jewish practices in the first century would have largely set the tone for Christian worship. Likewise, the book of Hebrews presents Christ as ...


3

Another note I'd like to point out, as far as the LDS have been given, they do not know of them ordaining anyone to the priesthood after the first century AD (IMO they were either commanded not to or knew something about what time the Lord would command it to be given again). According to the LDS, John and the three Nephites had the priesthood but to mankind ...


3

Simple answer, No. No there is no proof of the assertion by that priest.  The idea of Apostolic succession from which the orthodox imposition of hands as a sacrament finds its purpose is not something that can be historically traced. The laying on of hands is in the bible but not for this serious purpose of defining legitimate authority to administer the ...


3

The Catholic Church's answer to a woman or women claiming that God has called them to the Priesthood is "You're mistaken; you didn't hear the call right". The church bases this argument on the fact that the historical Jesus was male, and that there is no reference in the Bible to Jesus having called any women to be an apostle.


3

Whether the women "heard God correctly" is largely irrelevant. The Church simply doesn't have the authority to ordain women. For more information, see Women and the Priesthood. My intuition is that "The Church" wouldn't claim, on any case-by-case basis, whether or how God was speaking to "a woman called to the priesthood." An individual spiritual advisor ...


2

The first order, the order of Melchizedek, is controversial. You can search this site, and especially see this question. The Hebrews 7:17 reference is actually quoting from Psalm 110:4, which is a prophecy about Jesus, that he would be a priest in the order of Melchizedek. I liked Mason Wheeler's answer on that question, which in part stated (emphasis ...


2

All baptized persons may bless, even non-Catholics. But not all blessings may be given by all people. As a vague rule, blessings involve things and persons over which one has been granted spiritual authority by God. For this reason, parents can appropriately bless their children, persons their homes, and those with appropriate Holy Orders can bless water, ...


2

The priest blessing is a sacramental (not a sacrament). So it can confer to the person who receive it a special grace. Also it can bring indulgences as in the Urbi et Orbi blessing or the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. The paternal blessing is important and a very old tradition as stated in the Bible: "Benedictio patris firmat domos filiorum" (The ...


2

According to Author: McConkie, Mark L. Latter-day Saint scriptures speak of a unique class of beings, persons whom the Lord has "translated" or changed from a mortal state to one in which they are temporarily not subject to death, and in which they experience neither pain nor sorrow except for the sins of the world. Such beings appear to have much greater ...


2

Peter and James, we infer, have been resurrected already and have physical bodies. The laying on of hands was performed by physical beings to physical beings. A few references: Peter, James, and Moroni have been resurrected (see Supporting Statement B) John the Baptist is also apparently resurrected


2

Short Answer: The answer to your question depends completely on how you understand the "sacrament of priesthood", and on how you interpret the early writings. To me it seems clear that the early church did not have a singular voice on the topic, and at least some of them did not seem to view "priesthood" the way many Churches today view it. I think the ...


2

To your question: "How did early Christian presbyters learn to sacrifice?" I answer: from God -- twice. The first was in the Old Testament when Moses wrote down the instructions he received from God how the worship of God was to be performed. In the New Testament Christ Himself directs the Apostles how to worship/sacrifice: "Do this in memory of Me" and the ...


2

Catholic priests are called 神父 "Shenfu" (Mandarin) or "Sunfu" (Cantonese), literally "God- father". For reference please go to http://zh-yue.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%A5%9E%E7%88%B6; then click on English (on the left hand side) to see a (rough, not very precise) translation of the page. Another source is myself: Chinese is my native language and this is the ...


2

The best place to look for an answer to how Lutherans would view the 1 Peter passage on sacrifices is to look at the section on the Defense of the Augsburg Confession on sacrifice. 19] Moreover, the proximate species of sacrifice are two, and there are no more. One is the propitiatory sacrifice, i.e., a work which makes satisfaction for guilt and ...


2

It's important to distinguish between two kinds of clerical titles: Those that derive from the reception of the sacrament of Order and indicate a permanent character in the recipient's soul, which can never be taken away and persists even beyond death Those that indicate an ecclesiastical office that is held by appointment or election for a determinate ...


2

They are obviously not re-sacrificing Christ when they say the Mass It's true enough that they are not re-sacrificing Christ. But in a mystical way the Catholic priest acts in persona Christi to offer, in an unbloody way, the very same sacrifice that was offered in a bloody way on Calvary. Here is the modern Catholic Catechism (paragraph 1367), quoting ...



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