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Why is the holy spirit a spirit? Maybe a clue is found in the term, "Holy Spirit." :) Spirits are not necessarily of neutral gender. For instance, when Jesus appeared to His disciples, they saw a man, and yet thought they had seen a spirit (Luke 24:37). So from their standpoint, they had no problem with a spirit looking like a male.


I don't think I could improve upon the summary at the Orthodox Wiki: Objections on doctrinal grounds It is contrary to Scripture, particularly in John 15:26: "But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me." Thus, Christ never describes the Holy Spirit ...


The Nicene Creed originally had no filioque clause, which was a western innovation centuries later. The Creed simply said that the Holy Spirit proceeded “from the Father,” and the Council of Ephesus, 431, expressly forbade any alteration other than by another ecumenical council. The problem was not only that the eastern Church accepted the Nicene Creed in ...

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