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18

The ESV renders the verse in question: That disciple whom Jesus loved therefore said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” When Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment, for he was stripped for work, and threw himself into the sea. It seems to contain the implication that he was wearing some kind of inner garment while working, and ...


15

Peter means "stone" in Greek, while Cephas is "stone" in Aramaic. That verse is confusing in the NIV; the KJV is clearer: John 1:42 (KJV) 42And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone. Christ was speaking in Aramaic, and would have ...


12

When Jesus first met Peter, he was known as "Simon, son of John". Simon was a fisherman as likely his father was and his father's father and so on. In eastern and middle-eastern cultures, a person's identity is much more closely associated with who his father is. Simon's identity as a fisherman was closely tied to who his father was. When Jesus calls ...


12

As this question explains, the Pope is not considered infallible every time he speaks, but only when he speaks ex cathedra. Essentially this means only when he makes a deliberately definitive pronouncement on a matter of doctrine. The quote you give is therefore not relevant. Even if Peter were considered a Pope at this point, the incident described would ...


10

The birth of the Church was at Pentecost and Peter was definitely present and immediately made his presence felt as the vicar of Christ on Earth subsequent to the descent of the Holy Spirit on him and the other apostles and Our Lady in the upper room. Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice, and proclaimed to them, Acts 2:14 NABRE ...


10

The word describing the garment Peter put on is ἐπενδύτης, which is a hapax legomenon in the New Testament and rarely used in ancient Greek literature. Etymologically the word derives from a verb that means "to put on over". It is a garment (perhaps specific to the profession of fishing) worn over something else. So it might be better to think of Peter ...


7

Jesus was God and knew well the character and faults of Peter his disciple. The gospels give us a look at his impetuosity-asking Jesus 'if it is you, tell me to walk on the water', arrogance - wanting to call fire down from heaven, cowardice- denying the Lord, etc. None of the twelve apostles were perfect. One doubted, one betrayed, one denied and all of ...


7

Where in the Bible does it say that Peter was a Bishop? The English word "bishop" is commonly translated from the Greek word ἐπίσκοπος (episkopos). The noun ἐπίσκοπος literally means "one who watches over," i.e. overseer. In the New Testament, the ἐπίσκοπος was essentially synonymous with the "elder," or Greek πρεσβύτερος (presbyteros), as demonstrated ...


5

There was a militant sect in the first century known as the Kanai or Zealots. One of Jesus' apostles was named Simon the Zealot. Some scholars think he might have been associated with this group, but the best evidence seems to suggest the Zealots as a political organization did not exist until decades after Jesus' time. In any case, he was not the same ...


5

Jesus actually told his disciples to acquire swords, and they had 2 on them at the Last Supper. Luke 22:36-38 NIV 36 He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. 37 It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors’; and I tell you that this must be ...


5

Is the present-day Roman Catholic Church the same church on which it was founded? The shortest and simplest answer is: yes. The longer and significantly more complex answer would fill many volumes of an encyclopedia. But, to very briefly scratch the surface... The Church maintains that, although her fundamental doctrine hasn't changed, it has ...


5

You're making the mistake of an argument from silence, because in spite of your assertion that "its clear" that Peter, James, and John witnessed more of Jesus' miracles, all we really know for sure is that we have records that Peter, James, and John are reported to have witnessed more miracles than the other disciples. The fact that the other followers of ...


5

The Bible does not mention Peter as ever going to Rome, and there is no early Christian record of this being the case. Even at the end of the first century, the author of 1 Clement appears unaware that St. Peter ever came to Rome. Written from Rome, 1 Clement mentions Peter's 'many labours' and makes a general comment about Peter's death, without mentioning ...


4

I assume that your question is not about the exact usage or origin of the phrase First Among Equals rather the primacy of the bishop of Rome. i.e., The office of the bishop of Rome is considered preeminent. The Orthodox Churches did not begin to assert this title after the Schism nor did the Catholic Church reject it after it. Both the churches always ...


4

In appendix 2 of Eusebius The Church History, the date for Peter as Bishop of Rome is c.60. The first reference to Peter being the first Bishop of Rome comes from a 3rd. cent. writing of St. Cyrian in Epistle 51: "... when the place of Peter and the degree of the sacerdotal throne was vacant." There seems to be no writing from the 2nd. cent. explicitly ...


4

Assuming you meant when St.Peter received his supremacy and not just becoming the bishop of Rome, I believe it is to be at the reinstatement of Peter (John 21:15-17). For this reason, this is also the gospel reading in an installation Mass of a new Pope. When Jesus addressed Peter in Matthew 16:18-19, he was foretelling the Peter's supremacy. Moreover at ...


4

My answer may be simplistic, but sometimes even the most profound concepts can be laid out in terms that even a child can understand. (Does my assertion remind you of someone who spoke of the necessity of becoming as a child to enter the kingdom of heaven? Could it have been--oh, I don't know . . . Jesus?) Jesus changed Simon Bar-Jonah's name to Peter ...


4

Was Peter ever in Rome and did he die there? There is no doubt that Matthew's Gospel tells us that Jesus nominated Peter as the rock on which he would build his church. So, whatever city could claim Peter as its patron would have a huge advantage over other cities in the Christian world. Tradition has credited various of the apostles with remaining a a ...


3

Mark Trapp had a nice biblical answer, but here's another nugget: John 20:3-5 (DRA) 3 Peter therefore went out, and that other disciple, and they came to the sepulchre.     4 And they both ran together, and that other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.     5 And when he stooped down, he saw ...


3

Not sure, ancient art work displays many middle eastern fishermen naked as they ply their trade. This would make sense with the knowledge of the scarcity of clothes, thus making many individuals to only have one outfit. As fishing is a stinky and arduous task, it also makes sense to remove valuables (clothes) while not engaging in such activities. So why ...


3

It is generally accepted that Peter was crucified upside down in Rome. Tertullian and Origen attest to this. From WikiPedia: According to the 1911 Catholic Encyclopedia, St. Peter labored in Rome during the last portion of his life, and there ended his life by martyrdom.[17] The death of St. Peter is attested to by Tertullian at the end of the ...


3

The primary reason that the Church holds Peter as first Primate of the Church is that he was the first to confess who Jesus was: Simon Peter holds the first place in the college of the Twelve;1 Jesus entrusted a unique mission to him. Through a revelation from the Father, Peter had confessed: "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." Our Lord then ...


3

The source of this tradition is the words of Jesus in Matthew 16:18, which I reprint in the context of Matthew 16:13-18, to allow a comparison with Mark's slightly earlier version ofthe same event: When Jesus went into the region of Caesarea Philippi 9 he asked his disciples, "Who do people say that the Son of Man is?" They replied, "Some say John ...


3

As I stated in an answer to an entirely different question, the Catholic Church distinguishes between three types of beliefs which Catholics must hold. In 1998, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) issued a document stating and clarifying these types of beliefs, and noting the consequences for failing to assert them. Briefly, it notes that ...


2

Here are some biblical sections (NIV): Matthew 28:18-20 Matthew 16:18 John 14-16 I Timothy 3:14-15 Acts 15:28 I will need to go into more detail later but basically, the Holy Spirit is expected by Jesus to help protect the church remain faithful standing against the forces of Hell. Now, this doesn't mean the Pope will be correct if he is doing math ...


2

The Bible does not mention Peter as ever going to Rome, and there is no early Christian record of this being the case. Even at the end of the first century, the author of 1 Clement appears unaware that St. Peter ever came to Rome. Although written from Rome, 1 Clement mentions Peter's 'many labours' and makes a general comment about Peter's death, without ...


2

Lutherans have held that the special powers or duties given to Peter are not solely to persons who hold the office of the Bishop of Rome, just as they were not solely given to Peter, per se. They hold it to be signifying the Office of the Keys, which is a power or Office given to ordained pastors. The first scriptural citation in this LC-MS Lutheran ...


2

A lot of the evidence is circumstantial, so it's probably a matter of opinion whether it's convincing or not: The bones that are thought to be St. Peter's were found near a grave under the current high alter of the Basilica - a location that's long been considered St. Peter's grave. There are written records that indicate that ~160 AD there was a shrine ...


2

The key to the answer to your question is in verses; Acts 5:3 and 4 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? 4 While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your ...



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