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16

The ESV renders the verse in question: That disciple whom Jesus loved therefore said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” When Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment, for he was stripped for work, and threw himself into the sea. It seems to contain the implication that he was wearing some kind of inner garment while working, and ...


15

Peter means "stone" in Greek, while Cephas is "stone" in Aramaic. That verse is confusing in the NIV; the KJV is clearer: John 1:42 (KJV) 42And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone. Christ was speaking in Aramaic, and would have ...


11

As this question explains, the Pope is not considered infallible every time he speaks, but only when he speaks ex cathedra. Essentially this means only when he makes a deliberately definitive pronouncement on a matter of doctrine. The quote you give is therefore not relevant. Even if Peter were considered a Pope at this point, the incident described would ...


10

When Jesus first met Peter, he was known as "Simon, son of John". Simon was a fisherman as likely his father was and his father's father and so on. In eastern and middle-eastern cultures, a person's identity is much more closely associated with who his father is. Simon's identity as a fisherman was closely tied to who his father was. When Jesus calls ...


9

The birth of the Church was at Pentecost and Peter was definitely present and immediately made his presence felt as the vicar of Christ on Earth subsequent to the descent of the Holy Spirit on him and the other apostles and Our Lady in the upper room. Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice, and proclaimed to them, Acts 2:14 NABRE ...


6

The word describing the garment Peter put on is ἐπενδύτης, which is a hapax legomenon in the New Testament and rarely used in ancient Greek literature. Etymologically the word derives from a verb that means "to put on over". It is a garment (perhaps specific to the profession of fishing) worn over something else. So it might be better to think of Peter ...


5

Is the present-day Roman Catholic Church the same church on which it was founded? The shortest and simplest answer is: yes. The longer and significantly more complex answer would fill many volumes of an encyclopedia. But, to very briefly scratch the surface... The Church maintains that, although her fundamental doctrine hasn't changed, it has ...


5

There was a militant sect in the first century known as the Kanai or Zealots. One of Jesus' apostles was named Simon the Zealot. Some scholars think he might have been associated with this group, but the best evidence seems to suggest the Zealots as a political organization did not exist until decades after Jesus' time. In any case, he was not the same ...


5

Jesus actually told his disciples to acquire swords, and they had 2 on them at the Last Supper. Luke 22:36-38 NIV 36 He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. 37 It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors’; and I tell you that this must be ...


4

In appendix 2 of Eusebius The Church History, the date for Peter as Bishop of Rome is c.60. The first reference to Peter being the first Bishop of Rome comes from a 3rd. cent. writing of St. Cyrian in Epistle 51: "... when the place of Peter and the degree of the sacerdotal throne was vacant." There seems to be no writing from the 2nd. cent. explicitly ...


4

Assuming you meant when St.Peter received his supremacy and not just becoming the bishop of Rome, I believe it is to be at the reinstatement of Peter (John 21:15-17). For this reason, this is also the gospel reading in an installation Mass of a new Pope. When Jesus addressed Peter in Matthew 16:18-19, he was foretelling the Peter's supremacy. Moreover at ...


4

You're making the mistake of an argument from silence, because in spite of your assertion that "its clear" that Peter, James, and John witnessed more of Jesus' miracles, all we really know for sure is that we have records that Peter, James, and John are reported to have witnessed more miracles than the other disciples. The fact that the other followers of ...


4

I assume that your question is not about the exact usage or origin of the phrase First Among Equals rather the primacy of the bishop of Rome. i.e., The office of the bishop of Rome is considered preeminent. The Orthodox Churches did not begin to assert this title after the Schism nor did the Catholic Church reject it after it. Both the churches always ...


4

My answer may be simplistic, but sometimes even the most profound concepts can be laid out in terms that even a child can understand. (Does my assertion remind you of someone who spoke of the necessity of becoming as a child to enter the kingdom of heaven? Could it have been--oh, I don't know . . . Jesus?) Jesus changed Simon Bar-Jonah's name to Peter ...


3

Not sure, ancient art work displays many middle eastern fishermen naked as they ply their trade. This would make sense with the knowledge of the scarcity of clothes, thus making many individuals to only have one outfit. As fishing is a stinky and arduous task, it also makes sense to remove valuables (clothes) while not engaging in such activities. So why ...


3

It is generally accepted that Peter was crucified upside down in Rome. Tertullian and Origen attest to this. From WikiPedia: According to the 1911 Catholic Encyclopedia, St. Peter labored in Rome during the last portion of his life, and there ended his life by martyrdom.[17] The death of St. Peter is attested to by Tertullian at the end of the ...


2

Mark Trapp had a nice biblical answer, but here's another nugget: John 20:3-5 (DRA) 3 Peter therefore went out, and that other disciple, and they came to the sepulchre.     4 And they both ran together, and that other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.     5 And when he stooped down, he saw ...


2

Here are some biblical sections (NIV): Matthew 28:18-20 Matthew 16:18 John 14-16 I Timothy 3:14-15 Acts 15:28 I will need to go into more detail later but basically, the Holy Spirit is expected by Jesus to help protect the church remain faithful standing against the forces of Hell. Now, this doesn't mean the Pope will be correct if he is doing math ...


2

A lot of the evidence is circumstantial, so it's probably a matter of opinion whether it's convincing or not: The bones that are thought to be St. Peter's were found near a grave under the current high alter of the Basilica - a location that's long been considered St. Peter's grave. There are written records that indicate that ~160 AD there was a shrine ...


1

The issue here is not Peter. Peter received the keys to the kingdom. Peter was the first leader of the entire church. The issue is with his successors. The Roman Catholic church decided that Peter's successor was not only head of the church in Rome but of the entire church. Eastern bishops took issue with this because they believed that the keys weren't ONLY ...


1

Lutherans have held that the special powers or duties given to Peter are not solely to persons who hold the office of the Bishop of Rome, just as they were not solely given to Peter, per se. They hold it to be signifying the Office of the Keys, which is a power or Office given to ordained pastors. The first scriptural citation in this LC-MS Lutheran ...


1

Catechisms and catechists break down the teachings of the Catholic Church into four categories stemming from: The Apostles Creed The Seven Sacraments The Ten Commandments The Lords Prayer So I guess I could stop now and you could go find out for yourself whether or not these things have consistently been the pillars of the Church from its inception, but ...


1

It wasn't so much a change in heart as it was the natural and common progression of disappointment which prideful people display. After a prideful person sees that the object of their pride doesn't meet their standard they may disavow that object. While John loved Jesus unconditionally Peter showed pride in aspects of Jesus' life and ministry as well as ...


1

The pope has several roles, which coincide nowadays but which St. Peter seems to have acquired at different times. Popes are (1) bishops of Rome, (2) vicars of Christ, (3) heads of the college of bishops (and perhaps additional roles that I'm not thinking of right now). There is some indication that St. Peter had role (3) already before Christ's ascension, ...


1

The Scripture says Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea. We should stop trying to make things more holier than they are. It is what it is. He was naked. Just as Mark 14:51 says ...


1

I believe possibly he chose to call Peter Cephas because he was identifying both the church and the person Peter who was jewish and Church. One lesson might be. We, both as God's children and as members of the church should not disallow what God has allowed. Jesus would call him (fallible: Simon Peter) as (Peter: positionally correct and one of the 12 ...


1

Maybe Paul calls Peter (Greek) Cephas (Aramaic) because his actions in Gal 2 denote an Old Testament mindset regarding Gentiles? Let me start by saying that in v6-9 Peter James and John recognises Paul's gift and anointing in reaching out to the Gentiles. In other words they recognize that Salvation through the Gospel is for gentiles too. Paul notes that ...


1

If we go back to Luke 22:36-38, it indicates that Jesus had them acquire swords before they went up to pray before Jesus' arrest. It does not indicate the intent of having the swords, however, it appears that their use was specific to this instance, likely to protect themselves against undue violence and arrest (but not Jesus, as He allowed Himself to be ...



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