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9

The general consensus, following Paul's teaching, seems to be that marriage is good but celibacy is better. Tertullian may have been the first to write about it: In short, there is no place at all where we read that nuptials are prohibited; of course on the ground that they are “a good thing.” What, however, is better than this “good,” we learn from ...


7

As has been mentioned in answers to other questions, the prayer Sub tuum praesidium appeared around 250. It was originally written in Greek. Ὑπὸ τὴν σὴν εὐσπλαγχνίαν, καταφεύγομεν, Θεοτόκε. Τὰς ἡμῶν ἱκεσίας, μὴ παρίδῃς ἐν περιστάσει, ἀλλ᾽ ἐκ κινδύνων λύτρωσαι ἡμᾶς, μόνη Ἁγνή, μόνη εὐλογημένη. Beneath your compassion, We take refuge, O ...


5

The Ante-Nicene Fathers (ANF) volumes are all freely available online, along with many other Patristics. I got over 300 hits with a search for "golden calf." and found several notable quotes. Keep in mind that the Fathers often allegorized/spiritualized scripture while discussing living for/in Christ. You can also study the passage and select works that ...


3

The amount of evidence that is found in early Church patristic writings to support Marian veneration/devotion is so overwhelming that it must be categorized into 5 basic teachings: 1 - Mary is the New Eve and Most Blessed Among Women 2 - Mary is our Powerful Intercessor 3 - Mary is Ever-virgin 4 - Mary’s Immaculate Conception 5 - Mary is the Mother of ...


3

To venerate is to revere or show respect. Mary is venerated in scripture by angels, her relatives, the disciples and Jesus on the cross. The angel said: Luke 1:28-31 Hail, [thou that art] highly favoured, the Lord [is] with thee: blessed [art] thou among women…And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. And, ...


2

Interesting question. Wesley, as an Anglican, would have learned to understand Scripture through the lenses of Tradition and Reason. Tradition for him would have included everything from his contemporary Pietists back to the early church fathers. I did a quick search and discovered that Wesley believed those closest to the beginning of the church had an ...


2

One example of military items in the service of the Lord occurs in the Epistle to the Ephesians: 6 10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. 11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, ...


1

Definitions "Messiah" ("Christ" in Greek) is a Hebrew word that essentially means the anointed one. Prior to the crucifixion, the expectation of both Jews and Christians was that a man would arise who would be reminiscent of David, whom Samuel anointed to be king. The Messiah would deliver Israel from oppression and lead her as their king. The NT authors ...


1

It was a decision of the Lateran Council 1 1123 AD, Ecumenical IX Council of Bishops to forbid Priests, Deacons, or Sub-Deacons the intimacy of concubines, and of wives, and cohabitation with other women (with some exceptions.) Denzinger The Sources of Catholic Dogma



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