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Ex cathedra is the means by which a pope defines dogma. Infallible means "not prone to err." The First Vatican Council says a pope cannot err when defining dogma. This does not imply he's prone to err when not defining dogma, nor does it mean he must speak ex cathedra to be inerrant. Encyclicals, for example, are inerrant; otherwise, the Church would ...


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Let me begin with the second question, which is simpler. The Catholic Church does not believe in modern revelation. The Catechism of the Catholic Church says 66 "The Christian economy, therefore, since it is the new and definitive Covenant, will never pass away; and no new public revelation is to be expected before the glorious manifestation of our Lord ...


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The key Biblical passage is Mt 16:18: "And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it" (NRSVCE). Though such a citation inevitably hearkens back to certain meta-questions about the use of "πέτρᾳ," the Catholic Church has always seen it as referring to the specific ministry of Peter, ...


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The doctrine of infallibility is that the pope cannot abuse his power when declaring and defining a dogma. In other words, infallible means that he will not teach heresy when speaking ex-cathedra. Catholic believe that Holy Spirit will protect him from erring when doing so. ...Catholics were required to wear a colander on their heads at all times... ...


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First of all, it is important to understand the very strict conditions under which a Pope declares things ex cathedra. To begin with, he can only make such a declaration about doctrine. Here is how the Catechism of the Catholic Church describes Papal infallibility: 891 "The Roman Pontiff, head of the college of bishops, enjoys this infallibility in ...



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