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I don't have proof for my answer but I think the elected pope choses a name of a holy person whose personality he exceptionally likes or best describes himself. Look at Pope Francis and his vita for example. He's always shown his love for the poor as did Francis of Assisi.


It varies. For example, Benedict XVI chose his name after St. Benedict and Pope Benedict XIV. Pope Pius XII likely chose "Pius" because he is in the episcopal lineage of Pope St. Pius X. John Paul I and II chose theirs after the preceding John XXIII and Paul VI. Christ chose St. Peter's for him. ☺ Other than that, yes, "the names essentially [come] down ...


Yes a number of churches other than the Roman Catholic Church believe in the Apostolic succession. A good example is the Church of England, which also follows the commonly accepted definition of Protestant (though it considers itself somewhat different from most other Protestant churches, largely because of the belief in Apostolic Succession). Specifically ...


Wikipedia has a short list of churches claiming apostolic succession, and a few of them are Protestant, most notably: The Anglican Communion Some Lutheran Churches


The vast majority of Protestants do not recognize the papacy as a legitimate instition, so it's hard to make sense of your question. eg: ...Luther now declared that the papacy formed no part of the original and immutable essence of the Church... - theopedia.com In fact, according to R. Allen Anderson: Every Reformer, without exception, spoke of the ...


Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology? If Jesus was speaking Greek at the time of this passage of scripture then Petra and Petros apply, however, the feminine version of the word addresses the rock linguistically, and the masculine word addresses the name of a male person. This cannot be used to say anything else with any ...

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