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Pope Boniface VIII said there are two swords: Both, therefore, are in the power of the Church, that is to say, the spiritual and the material sword, but the former is to be administered for the Church but the latter by the Church; the former in the hands of the priest; the latter by the hands of kings and soldiers, but at the will and sufferance of the ...


A brief history on the idea that the Papacy is the AntiChrist. What follows below is taken from Antichrist | new Advent. The article says that when the Antichrist is understood as an individual person, a signal enemy of Christ, it excludes the contention of those who explain Antichrist as the papacy. The article then goes on to say that The ...


One of the greatest arguments against the primacy of Peter is the fact that the apostles had an argument among themselves as to which of them should be the greatest. "Now there arose a dispute among them, which of them was reputed to be the greatest. But he said to them, 'The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and they who exercise authority over ...


Yes. As the Pope is head of the Church, and designated successor to Peter, the first Pope, tho Catholics understand to have been appointed the head of the church, Cardinals are obligated to obey the Pope, just as any other member of the Catholic Church is.


I don't have proof for my answer but I think the elected pope choses a name of a holy person whose personality he exceptionally likes or best describes himself. Look at Pope Francis and his vita for example. He's always shown his love for the poor as did Francis of Assisi.


It varies. For example, Benedict XVI chose his name after St. Benedict and Pope Benedict XIV. Pope Pius XII likely chose "Pius" because he is in the episcopal lineage of Pope St. Pius X. John Paul I and II chose theirs after the preceding John XXIII and Paul VI. Christ chose St. Peter's for him. ☺ Other than that, yes, "the names essentially [come] down ...


Yes a number of churches other than the Roman Catholic Church believe in the Apostolic succession. A good example is the Church of England, which also follows the commonly accepted definition of Protestant (though it considers itself somewhat different from most other Protestant churches, largely because of the belief in Apostolic Succession). Specifically ...


Wikipedia has a short list of churches claiming apostolic succession, and a few of them are Protestant, most notably: The Anglican Communion Some Lutheran Churches


The vast majority of Protestants do not recognize the papacy as a legitimate instition, so it's hard to make sense of your question. eg: ...Luther now declared that the papacy formed no part of the original and immutable essence of the Church... - theopedia.com In fact, according to R. Allen Anderson: Every Reformer, without exception, spoke of the ...

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