New answers tagged papacy
First off, no: "Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy are basically the same doctrinally" is incorrect. That is beyond the scope of this question, but it's a flawed premise. (See details at the link for an introduction, the issue is somewhat complex). Did Luther believe that the Church needed to be doctrinally reformed even before the Great Schism? ...
The kingdom of Arles was not part of France at the time, and actually owed fealty to the pope and not the king of France. At the time it was also part of the Holy Roman Empire. However, it was very close to France.
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