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12

Your friend is confused. Very confused. The Pope is not God according to any official Catholic teaching. Catholics believe a lot of things about the Pope including his ability so speak infallibly (see ex cathedra) and that his role is that of an authoritative representative of God (see vicar of Christ). They believe a lot of things about the Pope that ...


11

The chair was real, but its actual function is different from what the legend says. And actually, it seems to have been three chairs: one "commode"-type seat, and two porphyry "pierced" chairs. Read on for more. In Misconceptions About the Middle Ages (page 66-7; ed. Harris and Grigsby), a description is given of the chairs' function in papal coronations: ...


8

Apostolic succession and Papal succession are not one and the same. Is the nature of apostolic succession meant to be an unbroken succession of valid popes? No. Rather the nature of apostolic succession is meant to be an unbroken succession of valid bishops. Not just the pope, but all Catholic bishops have unbroken apostolic succession. In other words, ...


7

Where in the Bible does it say that Peter was a Bishop? The English word "bishop" is commonly translated from the Greek word ἐπίσκοπος (episkopos). The noun ἐπίσκοπος literally means "one who watches over," i.e. overseer. In the New Testament, the ἐπίσκοπος was essentially synonymous with the "elder," or Greek πρεσβύτερος (presbyteros), as demonstrated ...


5

One of the greatest arguments against the primacy of Peter is the fact that the apostles had an argument among themselves as to which of them should be the greatest. "Now there arose a dispute among them, which of them was reputed to be the greatest. But he said to them, 'The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and they who exercise authority over ...


5

It varies. For example, Benedict XVI chose his name after St. Benedict and Pope Benedict XIV. Pope Pius XII likely chose "Pius" because he is in the episcopal lineage of Pope St. Pius X. John Paul I and II chose theirs after the preceding John XXIII and Paul VI. Christ chose St. Peter's for him. ☺ Other than that, yes, "the names essentially [come] down ...


5

The Bible does not mention Peter as ever going to Rome, and there is no early Christian record of this being the case. Even at the end of the first century, the author of 1 Clement appears unaware that St. Peter ever came to Rome. Written from Rome, 1 Clement mentions Peter's 'many labours' and makes a general comment about Peter's death, without mentioning ...


4

The pope is not God, and the Catholic Church does not teach that he is, only that he represents God on earth. However, your friend may have learnt this from the history of Pope Alexander VI, arguably one of the worst of popes. Russel Chamberlin, in The Bad Popes, page 173, says that, at his coronation, Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgio) committed the ...


4

Was Peter ever in Rome and did he die there? There is no doubt that Matthew's Gospel tells us that Jesus nominated Peter as the rock on which he would build his church. So, whatever city could claim Peter as its patron would have a huge advantage over other cities in the Christian world. Tradition has credited various of the apostles with remaining a a ...


4

Pope Boniface VIII said there are two swords: Both, therefore, are in the power of the Church, that is to say, the spiritual and the material sword, but the former is to be administered for the Church but the latter by the Church; the former in the hands of the priest; the latter by the hands of kings and soldiers, but at the will and sufferance of the ...


3

Yes. As the Pope is head of the Church, and designated successor to Peter, the first Pope, who Catholics understand to have been appointed the head of the church, Cardinals are obligated to obey the Pope in some matters related to the church, especially relating to faith and morals, just as any other member of the Catholic Church is. In other areas, for ...


3

As I stated in an answer to an entirely different question, the Catholic Church distinguishes between three types of beliefs which Catholics must hold. In 1998, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) issued a document stating and clarifying these types of beliefs, and noting the consequences for failing to assert them. Briefly, it notes that ...


3

A brief history on the idea that the Papacy is the AntiChrist. What follows below is taken from Antichrist | new Advent. The article says that when the Antichrist is understood as an individual person, a signal enemy of Christ, it excludes the contention of those who explain Antichrist as the papacy. The article then goes on to say that The ...


3

Yes a number of churches other than the Roman Catholic Church believe in the Apostolic succession. A good example is the Church of England, which also follows the commonly accepted definition of Protestant (though it considers itself somewhat different from most other Protestant churches, largely because of the belief in Apostolic Succession). Specifically ...


2

Answer This question cannot be answered according to the criteria of this site as there is no current Church teaching or Church doctrine that can answer this hypothetical and specific scenario set in the future and at odds with the deposit of faith. And also no one knows what a future Pope will or will not do in a specific situation. Here is why Since the ...


2

Ecumenical Councils are the top of the list, simply because the whole of the Church gets together to promulgate doctrine. These doctrines are signed by the Pope at the end of the Council, and are binding. Some of the doctrines are administrative in nature, and can be modified, changed, added to, or removed. Others, which deal with faith or morals, are ...


2

On the cover of Evangelii Gaudium it has the further description "Apostolic Exhortation on the Proclamation of the Gospel in today's world". Inside on the publishing page it says an "Encyclical Letter of Pope Francis Evangelii Gaudium". An exhortation is what it is FOR. An encyclical is what it IS.


2

Peter Turner's answer refers to the encyclical Humanum Genus of Pope Leo XIII, written in 1884. This document reviewed actions taken and documents written by previous popes, and repeated the condemnation of Freemasonry, not only in its own right but with respect to its response to these previous papal actions. It confirmed prior Church documents condemning ...


2

Pope Leo XIII is your man. He definitely didn't like the Freemasons, and with good reason if you read the document, seems like they're not as benign a force in Italy as they seem over here . We wish it to be your rule first of all to tear away the mask from Freemasonry, and to let it be seen as it really is; and by sermons and pastoral letters to ...


1

Instances of popes being involuntarily deposed by conquering sovereigns and replaced with one sympathetic to that conqueror. A specific example is need to answer this question. See below. Instances of contention over the papacy by two or even three popes simultaneously, accompanied by multiple colleges of cardinals and bishoprics. Ah, the Great ...


1

Not God the Father apparently, but perhaps Jesus. In Anatomy of the Vatican, page 20-21, Paul Hoffman says that in 1954, towards the end of his life, Pope Pius XII reported to some Jesuits that Jesus had appeared at his bedside during a recent illness and said to him that his time was not yet up. When the story found its way into the press, the Vatican had ...


1

Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology? If Jesus was speaking Greek at the time of this passage of scripture then Petra and Petros apply, however, the feminine version of the word addresses the rock linguistically, and the masculine word addresses the name of a male person. This cannot be used to say anything else with any ...


1

The part of the question concerned with a sitting pope revoking or contradicting an infallible statement made by a previous Pope requires us to define carefully just which statements unambiguously qualify as infallible statements, and which do not. Not every papal pronouncement was seen as infallible. Michael Baigent says, in The Jesus Papers, page 13, that ...


1

There are many responses being made such as Colloquy at Regernsburg in 1541, Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification in 1994, and lately together with Evangelicals in Evangelicals and Catholics Together in 1994. The main purpose of this response is to bridge an ecumenical reconciliation between Catholic and Protestant groups. Council of Trent is ...


1

More recently, Pope Francis has made a statement that more than confirms Cardinal Ratzinger's position. Francis said it was easy to misinterpret the creation story as recounted in the book of Genesis, according to which God created heaven and Earth in six days and rested on the seventh, saying, “When we read the creation story in Genesis we run the risk of ...



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