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13

Most scholars dismiss this is as fiction. Indeed the Catholic Encyclopedia brings up multiple variations on the story, each of which can be easily debunked. Perhaps the most damning proof that this is a legend would stem from the fact that nobody - including enemies at the time - ever made such accusations. From Wikipedia: It is also notable that ...


11

Luther saw the church becoming significantly corrupted much earlier than we might think. Generally I would say that Luther perceived a split between the 'real' church and the 'false church' basically around the time of St. Augustine, for he always separated the ritualistic ecclesiastical doctrine of religion, from the Augustinian spiritual doctrine of ...


10

When Jesus first met Peter, he was known as "Simon, son of John". Simon was a fisherman as likely his father was and his father's father and so on. In eastern and middle-eastern cultures, a person's identity is much more closely associated with who his father is. Simon's identity as a fisherman was closely tied to who his father was. When Jesus calls ...


8

Popes confess to another priest, like any other priest. Pope Francis' long-standing confessor is a Croatian Franciscan priest in Argentina, Fr Berislav Ostojic. People get to choose their own confessor whom they are comfortable with and trust to give good advice. The Pope is no different to anyone else. I'm not sure that confession can be conducted by ...


8

Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI (formerly known as Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger) is depicted above wearing what is known as a "cappello romano," which is Italian for "Roman hat." It does not originate from papal attire, but was simply a fashionable hat worn by 17th century clergy. From wikipedia: A cappello romano (literally Roman hat in Italian) or saturno ...


8

This is not completely hypothetical. In the mid-300s, Pope Liberius may have signed a statement supporting what later became known as Arian heresy. That he did so in exile and possibly under torture is mitigation, and the story is complex, but it is a more concrete version of this question. In any event, there was clear pressure from the Emperor that came ...


7

The doctrine of original sin says that every human being is a sinner. Indeed, the Bible also says: Romans 3:10 As it is written: "There is no one righteous, not even one; and Isaiah 56:3 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. and Isaiah 64:6 We have ...


7

This question, and the evidence of the Galatians passage, was hotly contested by mediaeval theologians and canonists, especially during the Western Schism (when there were up to three simultaneous papal claimants). It certainly seems to show that dissent is possible, and that an individual Pope might not always practice what he preaches. Beyond ordinary ...


7

I don't know more context for the picture, but the title "Pope visits holy site of Sermon on the Mount" indicates, that the chair is not a part of Pope's usual attributes, but that it's part of the chapel on Mount of Beatitudes. This inverted or Saint Peter's cross is not very common in catholic context, but very few Catholics would feel bad if they were on ...


6

James T's answer is mainly about whether popes can be deposed or judged under canon law. Since the question refers to rebuking the pope and specifically mentions the example of St. Paul rebuking (but not trying to depose or officially judge) St. Peter, it seems worthwhile to add the following observations. If "rebuke" is taken (as I take it) to mean merely ...


6

Sin is not confined to a mere ten commandments. Jesus Himself expanded on this in the Sermon on the Mount. There He asserted that it wasn't just murder that was sinful, but hatefulness in the heart. It wasn't just adultery that was immoral, but lust in the heart. Indeed, we are all sinners—and really bad sinners for that matter. Romans 1-3 ...


6

Pope John Paul II abolished the Promotor fidei (Promoter of the Faith) office, better known as Advocatus diaboli (Devil's advocate) in 1983 No, he did not abolish this office. There is still one Promoter of the Faith for every cause of canonization. What Pope John Paul II did was to reduce his power to a great extent and change his role in the process of ...


5

Despite my love for Martin Luther and the doctrine of justification, I believe the answer to your question is (for the most part) yes. While I don't believe that most modern Lutherans believe that the Pope is the Antichrist, Martin Luther did say it as a criticism of papal supremacy and the sale of indulgences. So as you put it, a conviction that it's a ...


5

Is the present-day Roman Catholic Church the same church on which it was founded? The shortest and simplest answer is: yes. The longer and significantly more complex answer would fill many volumes of an encyclopedia. But, to very briefly scratch the surface... The Church maintains that, although her fundamental doctrine hasn't changed, it has ...


5

Benedict XVI said that Genesis is based on a myth Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI, in his 1995 book, "In the Beginning ...: A Catholic Understanding of the Story of Creation and the Fall" (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, $13), has expressed well the view I am espousing here. He writes: "It has become clear that the biblical creation ...


4

My answer may be simplistic, but sometimes even the most profound concepts can be laid out in terms that even a child can understand. (Does my assertion remind you of someone who spoke of the necessity of becoming as a child to enter the kingdom of heaven? Could it have been--oh, I don't know . . . Jesus?) Jesus changed Simon Bar-Jonah's name to Peter ...


4

I assume that your question is not about the exact usage or origin of the phrase First Among Equals rather the primacy of the bishop of Rome. i.e., The office of the bishop of Rome is considered preeminent. The Orthodox Churches did not begin to assert this title after the Schism nor did the Catholic Church reject it after it. Both the churches always ...


4

I will not give you my opinion, but rather my understanding of Pope's reception from the reading of the catholic resources on the topic, which I suggest you study yourself as well. In general, Pope Francis is very much liked by all but "the traditionalist". He is a pastor more than a theologian so he resonates better with a "common catholic". So an ...


3

He is calling himself a sinner because his doctrine determines him to be so. Many Christians will also call themselves sinners. Likewise, other believers know themselves to be saints. What's important though is what the bible says about them that believe. In most of Paul's letters he calls the people in the church (the believers) "saints". He even ...


3

Apostolic Exhortation is a type of communication from the Pope that is written to encourage people to undertake an implementation of particular set of recommendations listed in the document. Encyclical Letter which is usually more important than Apostolic Exhortation is a letter that usually deals with a specific doctrine, where the doctrine is clarified, ...


3

On a historical note, as with Pope Joan story, this too never happened. These the two myths became connected in a well circulated rumor which what eye-witnesses to medieval papal coronations believed they were watching. The result was the often repeated report of a public rite always seen by others, never by the narrator. If Pope Joan story is not true, ...


3

There are, unfortunately, numerous sedevacantist groups that disagree with each other. As indicated in the question, there are some that have tried to elect their own popes. There are also the Feeneyites, particularly associated with Most Holy Family Monastery, who deny the doctrines of baptism of desire (and, I believe, also of baptism of blood). For ...


3

The era of the Crusades certainly coincides with a dramatic increase in the authority of the Pope, both in practical terms and in the development of doctrine. It is a bit hard to untangle how much of this is due to the Crusades themselves. First, a word of warning! It is very easy to slip into anachronistic habits when thinking about the medieval papacy. It ...


3

Catholic Professor Geoffrey Saint-Clair, from Catholic Dossier Magazine (September/October 2001), writes: Success or failure often depends on leadership—what leaders do or fail to do. When it comes to the Reformation, the lion’s share of the blame rests squarely with the hierarchy, including the papacy. Or at least so said Pope Adrian VI, who in 1523 sent ...


3

The answer to this question has already been answered by an online Catholic news article, discussing this subject with the exact phrase, "just be good", in it. Upon close examination of the news article, the newswriter/blogger/journalist suggests: The Holy Father is full of surprises, born of true and faithful humility. On Wednesday he declared that ...


2

Papal Infallibility and when a Pope speaks Ex cathedra remain very unclear. Aside from canonization of saints, most experts will agree the Pope has spoken Ex cathedra at least twice: Pope Pius IX's 1854 definition of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of Mary Pope Pius XII's 1950 definition of the dogma of the Assumption of Mary Other than that ...


2

Because there has been a valid Ex cathedra Papal decree that is clearly now false and which is no longer accepted by the Church we can regrettably no longer assume any Ex cathedra is infallible. The Ex cathedra statement by Pope Eugene the 4th in Cantate Domino 1441 is one such example. It proclaims and teaches for all Christians to believe that: if not ...


2

A number of opinion polls have been conducted on the new Pope's popularity. This opinion poll says that in the US, Pope Francis is more popular among Catholics that Pope Benedict, and as popular as John Paul II was at the height of his esteem. US Catholics are a very small fraction of world Catholics, and very unlike the majority of Catholics in the world. ...


2

If you elect your own Pope you are called a Conclavist. Most sedevacantists think that the "endgame" is Judgment Day. So why would anyone believe this? The real 3rd Secret of Fatima is about the apostasy of the heirarchy, additionally, Sister Lucia said it the end times were upon us. Full version of the Prayer to St. Michael composed by Pope St. Leo the ...


2

No Pope has made such claim, but he wouldn't need to. As Hebrews says, Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, Just because one does not have a face to face encounter does not mean that God has not spoken to them. Very few of the prophets claim they saw God's face. Indeed, Elijah perceived him only as a ...



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