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12

Your friend is confused. Very confused. The Pope is not God according to any official Catholic teaching. Catholics believe a lot of things about the Pope including his ability so speak infallibly (see ex cathedra) and that his role is that of an authoritative representative of God (see vicar of Christ). They believe a lot of things about the Pope that ...


10

The chair was real, but its actual function is different from what the legend says. And actually, it seems to have been three chairs: one "commode"-type seat, and two porphyry "pierced" chairs. Read on for more. In Misconceptions About the Middle Ages (page 66-7; ed. Harris and Grigsby), a description is given of the chairs' function in papal coronations: ...


10

This is not completely hypothetical. In the mid-300s, Pope Liberius may have signed a statement supporting what later became known as Arian heresy. That he did so in exile and possibly under torture is mitigation, and the story is complex, but it is a more concrete version of this question. In any event, there was clear pressure from the Emperor that came ...


7

Apostolic succession and Papal succession are not one and the same. Is the nature of apostolic succession meant to be an unbroken succession of valid popes? No. Rather the nature of apostolic succession is meant to be an unbroken succession of valid bishops. Not just the pope, but all Catholic bishops have unbroken apostolic succession. In other words, ...


6

It varies. For example, Benedict XVI chose his name after St. Benedict and Pope Benedict XIV. Pope Pius XII likely chose "Pius" because he is in the episcopal lineage of Pope St. Pius X. John Paul I and II chose theirs after the preceding John XXIII and Paul VI. Christ chose St. Peter's for him. ☺ Other than that, yes, "the names essentially [come] down ...


5

One of the greatest arguments against the primacy of Peter is the fact that the apostles had an argument among themselves as to which of them should be the greatest. "Now there arose a dispute among them, which of them was reputed to be the greatest. But he said to them, 'The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and they who exercise authority over ...


4

The Bible does not mention Peter as ever going to Rome, and there is no early Christian record of this being the case. Even at the end of the first century, the author of 1 Clement appears unaware that St. Peter ever came to Rome. Written from Rome, 1 Clement mentions Peter's 'many labours' and makes a general comment about Peter's death, without mentioning ...


4

The pope is not God, and the Catholic Church does not teach that he is, only that he represents God on earth. However, your friend may have learnt this from the history of Pope Alexander VI, arguably one of the worst of popes. Russel Chamberlin, in The Bad Popes, page 173, says that, at his coronation, Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgio) committed the ...


4

Pope Boniface VIII said there are two swords: Both, therefore, are in the power of the Church, that is to say, the spiritual and the material sword, but the former is to be administered for the Church but the latter by the Church; the former in the hands of the priest; the latter by the hands of kings and soldiers, but at the will and sufferance of the ...


3

Yes. As the Pope is head of the Church, and designated successor to Peter, the first Pope, who Catholics understand to have been appointed the head of the church, Cardinals are obligated to obey the Pope in some matters related to the church, especially relating to faith and morals, just as any other member of the Catholic Church is. In other areas, for ...


3

Yes a number of churches other than the Roman Catholic Church believe in the Apostolic succession. A good example is the Church of England, which also follows the commonly accepted definition of Protestant (though it considers itself somewhat different from most other Protestant churches, largely because of the belief in Apostolic Succession). Specifically ...


3

In your question it would be very helpful to have a citation as to where in the writings of Gregory the quote is from. I followed the link provided and there is no citation there for the quote either. As a matter of fact, you can google the first sentence of the quote and find a few websites that also have the quote but leave it uncited. Knowing its context ...


3

Where in the Bible does it say that Peter was a Bishop? The English word "bishop" is commonly translated from the Greek word ἐπίσκοπος (episkopos). The noun ἐπίσκοπος literally means "one who watches over," i.e. overseer. In the New Testament, the ἐπίσκοπος was essentially synonymous with the "elder," or Greek πρεσβύτερος (presbyteros), as demonstrated ...


3

Like Affable Geek states...this is more historically concrete than one might think. I think the basic 2 questions you are getting at (someone correct me if I'm wrong) are: Question 1 - What would (should) happen if a Roman Pope promulgates, decrees, or endorses a heretical doctrine? Answer - He would be anathametized as an heretic in an Ecumenical ...


2

Peter Turner's answer refers to the encyclical Humanum Genus of Pope Leo XIII, written in 1884. This document reviewed actions taken and documents written by previous popes, and repeated the condemnation of Freemasonry, not only in its own right but with respect to its response to these previous papal actions. It confirmed prior Church documents condemning ...


2

Pope Leo XIII is your man. He definitely didn't like the Freemasons, and with good reason if you read the document, seems like they're not as benign a force in Italy as they seem over here . We wish it to be your rule first of all to tear away the mask from Freemasonry, and to let it be seen as it really is; and by sermons and pastoral letters to ...


2

On the cover of Evangelii Gaudium it has the further description "Apostolic Exhortation on the Proclamation of the Gospel in today's world". Inside on the publishing page it says an "Encyclical Letter of Pope Francis Evangelii Gaudium". An exhortation is what it is FOR. An encyclical is what it IS.


2

Answer This question cannot be answered according to the criteria of this site as there is no current Church teaching or Church doctrine that can answer this hypothetical and specific scenario set in the future and at odds with the deposit of faith. And also no one knows what a future Pope will or will not do in a specific situation. Here is why Since the ...


2

Ecumenical Councils are the top of the list, simply because the whole of the Church gets together to promulgate doctrine. These doctrines are signed by the Pope at the end of the Council, and are binding. Some of the doctrines are administrative in nature, and can be modified, changed, added to, or removed. Others, which deal with faith or morals, are ...


1

Being a hypothetical question, you're bound to get a lot of personal opinion. I'll give it my best shot though. In a nutshell, Catholics (as far as personal experience and research) are told they must obey the Pope because of his responsibility to serve and protect the Church and it's people. So if a Pope were to snap and go full-on heretic, some would say ...


1

We call the Pope "Father" in the first place as a bishop. The concept of the "apostolic succession" to which the Catholic Church subscribes means that bishops are considered successors of the apostles, "those sent out" (apostoloi in Greek) by the Lord, and thus are acting on behalf of Our Father in Heaven. The Catechism of the Catholic Church, speaking of ...


1

Heretics lose their office in the Church. Pope Paul IV, Bull Cum ex Apostolatus Officio, Feb. 15, 1559: “1… Remembering also that, where danger is greater, it must more fully and more diligently be counteracted, We have been concerned lest false prophets or others, even if they have only secular jurisdiction, should wretchedly ensnare the ...


1

Pope Honorius was condemned as a heretic by Pope Saint Leo II, an ecumenical council and subsequent popes affirmed the anathemas. The historical record therefore shows that a pope can fall into heresy. Pope Paul IV taught that if a pope falls into heresy he loses the papal office. He said in order to be pope a man must be Catholic. If he ceases to be ...


1

Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology? If Jesus was speaking Greek at the time of this passage of scripture then Petra and Petros apply, however, the feminine version of the word addresses the rock linguistically, and the masculine word addresses the name of a male person. This cannot be used to say anything else with any ...


1

A brief history on the idea that the Papacy is the AntiChrist. What follows below is taken from Antichrist | new Advent. The article says that when the Antichrist is understood as an individual person, a signal enemy of Christ, it excludes the contention of those who explain Antichrist as the papacy. The article then goes on to say that The ...


1

The part of the question concerned with a sitting pope revoking or contradicting an infallible statement made by a previous Pope requires us to define carefully just which statements unambiguously qualify as infallible statements, and which do not. Not every papal pronouncement was seen as infallible. Michael Baigent says, in The Jesus Papers, page 13, that ...


1

There are many responses being made such as Colloquy at Regernsburg in 1541, Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification in 1994, and lately together with Evangelicals in Evangelicals and Catholics Together in 1994. The main purpose of this response is to bridge an ecumenical reconciliation between Catholic and Protestant groups. Council of Trent is ...


1

More recently, Pope Francis has made a statement that more than confirms Cardinal Ratzinger's position. Francis said it was easy to misinterpret the creation story as recounted in the book of Genesis, according to which God created heaven and Earth in six days and rested on the seventh, saying, “When we read the creation story in Genesis we run the risk of ...



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