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The vast majority of Protestants do not recognize the papacy as a legitimate instition, so it's hard to make sense of your question. eg: ...Luther now declared that the papacy formed no part of the original and immutable essence of the Church... - theopedia.com In fact, according to R. Allen Anderson: Every Reformer, without exception, spoke of the ...


5

It varies. For example, Benedict XVI chose his name after St. Benedict and Pope Benedict XIV. Pope Pius XII likely chose "Pius" because he is in the episcopal lineage of Pope St. Pius X. John Paul I and II chose theirs after the preceding John XXIII and Paul VI. Christ chose St. Peter's for him. ☺ Other than that, yes, "the names essentially [come] down ...


4

One of the greatest arguments against the primacy of Peter is the fact that the apostles had an argument among themselves as to which of them should be the greatest. "Now there arose a dispute among them, which of them was reputed to be the greatest. But he said to them, 'The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and they who exercise authority over ...


3

Yes a number of churches other than the Roman Catholic Church believe in the Apostolic succession. A good example is the Church of England, which also follows the commonly accepted definition of Protestant (though it considers itself somewhat different from most other Protestant churches, largely because of the belief in Apostolic Succession). Specifically ...


2

Yes. As the Pope is head of the Church, and designated successor to Peter, the first Pope, tho Catholics understand to have been appointed the head of the church, Cardinals are obligated to obey the Pope, just as any other member of the Catholic Church is.


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Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology? If Jesus was speaking Greek at the time of this passage of scripture then Petra and Petros apply, however, the feminine version of the word addresses the rock linguistically, and the masculine word addresses the name of a male person. This cannot be used to say anything else with any ...



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