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Circumcision is not just a law, it was a sign of the covenant between the Lord and Abraham and his descendants. Yes, circumcision was reaffirmed and included in the law given to Moses, but this covenant was given to the children of Israel. When you talk about what applies to all males, under the new covenant that is open to all people who put their faith in ...


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One additional point which should be noted is that according to Hebrews, even Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) only covers 'sins of ignorance': 'But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance' (Heb 9:7, NIV) It would indeed ...


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Charles Hodge (Systematic Theology, 3.7.6) and Herman Bavinck (Reformed Dogmatics, v3, III.7) are two Reformed theologians who make a number of exegetical arguments from Old Testament passages to defend penal substitution. I'll focus on their treatments of the sin offering and similar sacrifices, on the following points: Significance of blood (Leviticus ...


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Romans 7:12-14 "So that the Torah truly is set-apart, and the command set-apart, and righteous, and good. Therefore, has that which is good become death to me? Let it not be! But the sin, that sin might be manifest, was working death in me through what is good, so that sin through the command might become an exceedingly great Sinner. For we know that the ...


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**Part 1** Those who believe in penal substitution mean something along on the lines of this: that Christ was made to have human nature. This was done in order to take the penalty of the law upon himself for other humans (not for angels) as a substitutionary sacrifice. By suffering on their behalf the wrath of God and just punishments of his law are ...



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