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The morality of an act depends on three things what is done (the object), why it is done (the intention) and the circumstances. 1750 The morality of human acts depends on: the object chosen; the end in view or the intention; the circumstances of the action. The object, the intention, and the circumstances make up the "sources," or ...


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St. Thomas Aquinas addresses the question "To whom should we give alms?" in Summa Theologica II-II q. 32 a. 9 c.: As Augustine says (De Doctr. Christ. i, 28), "it falls to us by lot, as it were, to have to look to the welfare of those who are more closely united to us." Nevertheless in this matter we must employ discretion, according to the various ...


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There are some obvious things that could be said about this question (the Bible citations for why anyone would do or not do these specific things are pretty easy). A few less obvious things to bring up with this question: Catholics (as do many Christians and non-Christians) value the virtue of prudence - it is not enough to know that a certain act is just, ...


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In order to answer this question, it is necessary to understand precisely what is meant by “conscience” and its relationship to human acts (that is, those actions that can be qualified as morally right or wrong). The Church, generally taking its cue from Medieval Scholasticism (see, e.g., Summa theologiae [S.Th.], Ia, q. 79, a. 13), defines the conscience ...


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For an extended treatment on morals and Conscience, the current Catechism does not lack for material1. Regarding your first question (the second is worthy of its own questoin): Sin is a matter of violating God's law. CCC 1849 Sin is an offense against reason, truth, and right conscience; it is failure in genuine love for God and neighbor caused by ...


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St. Thomas Aquinas explains "conscience" (conscientia) in Summa Theologica I q. 79 a. 13 c.: Properly speaking, conscience is not a power, but an act. This is evident both from the very name and from those things which in the common way of speaking are attributed to conscience. For conscience, according to the very nature of the word, implies the ...



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