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The Phrase "Holy catholic Church" does not refer to the Roman Catholic church, but to the "universal church", i.e. all true Christians, whatever earthly religious organization they belong to. The word 'catholic' just means universal. That and the "Communion of Saints" refers to a belief in the essential unity of all true Christians, whatever disagreements ...


8

I was a member of the LDS church for 20 years. I've been a Methodist for 2 years. LDS Assurance The sentence from the LDS Bible Dictionary: The effects of true faith in Jesus Christ include (1) an actual knowledge that the course of life one is pursuing is acceptable to the Lord (see Heb. 11:4); (2) a reception of the blessings of the Lord that are ...


6

I think you may be confusing the terms a little. There's a simple solution to your question. Easter is the joyful celebration of Christ's resurrection. Lent is the forty-day* period leading up to Easter. It is a time of penitence and fasting. Many Christians observing the Western-style liturgical calendar (this probably includes your friend) fast in some ...


5

According to most independent, fundamentalist Baptists, (and to the best of my knowledge, the groups that you mentioned) justification is a one-time event that happens at the moment of conversion, when a sinner repents on his or her sins and puts their faith in Christ for salvation. This would be in line with a Calvinist view. Justification is a result of ...


5

In the United Methodist Church, a lay pastor is a church member who has received training and can assist with preaching and care ministries, but does not have a formal seminary education. The lay pastor can perform most of the duties of ordained ministers: The certified lay minister shall preach the Word, provide a care ministry to the congregation, ...


4

"Catholic" is like the opposite of a word such as Jacuzzi, Xerox, or Kleenex. The latter are brands that have become synonymous with a specific meaning: hot tub, copy machine, tissue. The former had a specific meaning, and is now associated with a "brand" of Christianity. The former meaning is that you can think of the word "Catholic" as a synonym for the ...


4

I expect in the context of your reference, the point is simply being made that the the mother of the author, Sandra Sue, has pastoral duties (perhaps leading a small group, Sunday school, etc), but is unpaid in this position, and has a professional career outside of the church. The concept of a Lay pastor is not new, but is recently (in the last 10-20 ...


3

Lutherans who hold to their confessions [ http://bookofconcord.org/ ] believe that justification, faith, and baptism go together. A baptized infant believes the Gospel at its baptism. An adult who falls away from faith in Christ which has been given in Baptism and is converted is returning to the promise of the Gospel which has been applied to him in ...


2

Lay pastor is actually an official designation in the Methodist church. There is some formal training that goes along with it --but nothing that comes close to the training required of a fully ordained pastor. I'm basing this answer on attending a Methodist church that has two fully ordained pastors and a lay pastor on staff.


2

The Oxford Holy Club, founded by John Wesley, was the first of many Methodist societies that followed a set of general rules developed by Wesley himself: It is therefore expected of all who continue therein that they should continue to evidence their desire of salvation, By doing no harm, by avoiding evil of every kind, especially that which is ...


2

The Methodist Bishop Scott Jones borrowed the term to describe John Wesley's teachings. He continues to use the phrase in sermons and interviews when describing Methodist beliefs. Jones read a magazine in which someone described himself as being in the "extreme center" in politics. The term "extreme center" is set in opposition to the "dead center" - rather ...


2

In the Methodist tradition, a person is justified when they accept the grace God has given them, and make a decision to follow his will rather than their own. Though justification by itself is not a process, it is the beginning of the process of sanctification, in which we work with God to transform us into the people God intended us to be. This is, as far ...


2

This page (Lent 101 from the UMC) gives a guide to Lent from a Methodist perspective. It is very similar to other protestant traditions. Lent is a time for fasting and prayer, but fasting means different things to different people/denominations. From the page I linked to above: FASTING: Some people have been known to go without food for days. But ...


2

For Wesley and other Arminians, original sin is not a matter of predestination but of human nature. In his sermon Original Sin, Wesley states: The Scripture avers, that "by one man's disobedience all men were constituted sinners;" that "in Adam all died," spiritually died, lost the life and the image of God; that fallen, sinful Adam then "begat a son in ...


2

It's known that John Wesley and his father loved to read the early Church Fathers together. John's favorite was St. John Chrysostom, a great preacher and theologian. Wesley carried with him a Bible and a copy of St. Marcarius of Egypt's writings from which John got some of his ideas on holiness which in the early church was called "theosis". John Wesley ...


1

Interesting question. Wesley, as an Anglican, would have learned to understand Scripture through the lenses of Tradition and Reason. Tradition for him would have included everything from his contemporary Pietists back to the early church fathers. I did a quick search and discovered that Wesley believed those closest to the beginning of the church had an ...



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