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13

First, to clarify, the ancient record was recorded on plates, bound by rings, not on tablets. I've never seen official or first-person historical sources refer to them as tablets and have only seen that term used in sources which have either strong or subtle sentiments against the Mormon church, or a political agenda. From every reliable source I have ever ...


13

The original manuscripts are not believed to be in existence any more, and most manuscripts we do have aren't easily accessible. But some important ones can be viewed online: Aleppo Codex Codex Sinaiticus Codex Vaticanus Because there are so many manuscripts, most scholars rely on critical texts: the editors of these texts choose which variations they ...


11

New Testament scholars have no doubt that Matthew was written in Greek. Certainly, it was attributed to the apostle Matthew in the second century, but before this the book was anonymous. By laying the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke in parallel and reading them synoptically ('with the same eye') in Greek, scholars have established that Matthew and Luke ...


10

It is impossible to know for sure without asking the person that said it, but I believe it is most likely, given her description of the individual in question, the historical time frame and the context of the discussion, that she was speaking of a man named Marcion. Who was Marcion? For the first hundred years or so of the Christian faith, documents ...


10

Old Testament The Dead Sea Scrolls currently housed in the Israeli Dead Sea Scroll museum and available online, is a collection of 972 manuscripts from the period 408 - 308 BC. Seeing as the Old Testament itself consists of books written between 1000 - 600 BC and the late 450s, this is a pretty good collection. There are others, but this is the most well-...


9

There are none. Translation Choices aren't Biblical Version issues I categorically have to rule out translation choices as different "versions" because by definition, languages that change will change their wording to make things clear. Whether one translates the term "cell phone" into German as Mobil Telefon or Handy, for instance, is completely arbitrary,...


8

It's hard to know for certain, but there are very good reasons to believe all four gospels were written in Greek. However, according to the earliest Christian tradition, Matthew was written in Hebrew. Papias, an early second century bishop and a disciple of the Apostle John, is our earliest witness to the tradition that Matthew was the author of this gospel....


6

The answer appears to be «usually» but «with some exceptions», and also «the experts aren't completely sure». We can divide the sources adduced into indirect evidence (references to scrolls in ancient documents) and direct evidence (scrolls). Indirect Evidence Old Testament The word used in the passage quoted in the question is βιβλίον.1 While it is ...


6

As others have said, the original manuscripts no longer exist. But the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts is making an effort to photograph extant Greek manuscripts and make them available for study. Many of the manuscripts are fragments, but some are complete books of the New Testament. The photographs that are available online are high ...


5

I've been able to find exactly two explanations: The anomaly is because two separate Pauline letter collections were merged, one of which ended with Galatians and the other of which began with Ephesians. The canonical order was modified from pure length order to emphasize the imprisonment theme common to Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians. The truth ...


4

For the New Testament, yes. Though Wikipedia may not be a "scholarly" source I find it good for this sort of thing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_manuscript#Listings Also, in at least the UBS and NA, there is a list of manuscripts used to compile the "Greek New Testament." I think that the BHS contains something somewhat similar for the Hebrew ...


4

The danger with this is that there may be teachings in there that don't correspond with other parts of the New Testament. If there are new doctrines introduced in text that is not found in all versions of the original manuscripts, then we have to be careful about completely basing our faith off of these doctrines. In regard to this specific passage, there'...


3

Animal names are not very frequently used words. They may appear only one time in the Bible, and as a result, their exact identification is not easy. Not many classical Hebrew texts exist. The Bible is basically it. So if a word only occurs once in the Bible, it can be hard to pin down its meaning. Older translations would go off of the traditional ...


3

One of Joseph Smith's revelations has God saying: Doctrine and Covenants 5:9 Behold, verily I say unto you, I have reserved those things which I have entrusted unto you, my servant Joseph, for a wise purpose in me, and it shall be made known unto future generations, No more definitive answer is possible. A speculative one is to prevent the plates, with ...


3

Bruce Metzger's A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament is a well-known book that accomplishes what you asked about. I'd also recommend procuring some critical apparati. These list the variants and allow the reader to form their own conclusions, for the most part. Two well-known apparati are Nestle-Aland's NA26/ 27/ 28 Greek New Testament, as well ...


3

Matthew was likely written for Greek-speaking Christians of Jewish descent. In my answer to your first question, I discussed reasons for believing Matthew was written in Greek rather than Hebrew. And it should be self-evident that the gospels were written to Christians. So here I'm going to list the reasons for believing the intended audience was ...


3

There are some rather major and fundamental differences between different versions. The KJV was based on the Textus Receptus New Testament, a work which was clearly corrupt (the last part of Revelation was translated from a Latin version!) and the Masoretic Text, a document which was clearly inferior. Of course, if you want to be able to see the ...


2

It doesn't affect it at all. Inerrancy and infallibility are only attributed to the original autographs. It's not applied to translations, copies (even early ones) or modern versions. If it were applicable to translations then we'd have a bigger problem in the Wicked Bible. The belief that we can't reproduce an original autograph doesn't mean there was no ...


2

For the Greek Old Testament (i.e., "Septuagint"), there is also the Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments [= Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts of the Old Testament], originally compiled by Alfred Rahlfs and published in 1914. It is available from Archive.org, or in a hi-res PDF from the Göttingen Septuaginta-Unternehmen. It was ...


2

I did some Google search for you. I found these online resources. Some are Unicode, some are not. Codex Sinaiticus Codex Vaticanus Textus Receptus Westcott and Hort Ivan Panin Greek New Testament edition


1

As to your question regarding origins, we do not know the author or the means of revelation of the book of Job. What we do know is that there is an ancient tradition including the book in Hebrew scripture. The book makes no reference to the patriarchs or the law or the prophets but it is consistent with teachings therein and is commonly considered to ...


1

A lot of universities have high resolution scans of manuscripts that they may let you view. You may have to be a student though but it may be worthwhile to enter into conversations with your local universities Theology departments. There is also museums that house ancient fragments. The John Rylands Museum in Manchester comes to mind. You can check that out....


1

If you are interested there are two excellent free downloadable Bible study programs, both of which have numerous Bible versions for download including both Hebrew and Greek translations. They are http//www The word.org and http//www. e-sword.net. you can preview either one prior to downloading. I have both and find them extremely valuable. You also can ...


1

No ancient literature has survived in its original form and all are derived from copies of the originals. The NT is no exception. However, in comparison with any other ancient literature, the NT is without a peer—both in terms of the chronological proximity and the surviving number. For clarity here is table from an answer from David Startton here: ...


1

Because Matthew's Gospel, more than any other, relies on quotations and apparent prophecies from the Old Testament, some believe that the author was a Jew who wrote his gospel for other Jews. However, the Gospel was written in Greek and the Old Testament references were clearly taken from the Septuagint, an ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. For ...


1

Discrepancies between verses in Genesis Genesis 6:19-20 says that Noah took two of each clean and unclean animal onto the Ark, but Genesis 7:2 says he took seven of each clean animal (or possibly 14, depending on how you interpret it) and only two of each unclean animal: 6:19-20: And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou ...



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