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8

This is a quick rundown, keeping in mind that not every individual parish fully subscribes to everything their parent organization does (don't judge a book by its cover, but be aware of the connotations each cover generally carries): Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) The Bible is inspired and inerrant, the Confessions are a clear and accurate ...


6

I generally write from a reformed perspective, but I don't think there's anything in this post that other Christians (Oriental Orthodox and Church of the East aside) would disagree with. The doctrine was first formulated clearly by the Council of Chalcedon: One and the same Son, the Self-same Perfect in Godhead, the Self-same Perfect in Manhood; truly ...


6

Consubstantiation (also can impanation) says that, after consecration, bread remains and Christ becomes present within, among, or "along-side" the bread. Transubstantiation says no bread remains after consecration; the substance of bread no longer exists, having been replaced by the substance of Christ.


5

According to this article: Has Martin Luther's "Snow-Covered Dunghill" Mystery-Legend Been Solved?! the answer to the question is, "No, he did not say that, but it sounds like something he would have said." Luther said: Conceived in sorrow and corruption, the child sins in his mother’s womb. As he grows older, the innate element of corruption ...


4

I am a WELS Lutheran. The idea that we refuse to pray with other Christians is a carricature of us. It is not totally accurate. My pastor says that public prayer is always off limits but private prayer is something that requires a bit of discretion. I have a good example of something that happened in our church. The parocial school that is attached to ...


4

The Lutheran understanding of the Real Presence is that at the consecration, which happens through the power of the Holy Spirit, the bread and wine become the true body and blood of Christ "in, with, and under" the form and substance of bread. "In, with, and under" is the description of the Real Presence in Luther's Smaller Chatechism. I was taught that this ...


3

At least one scholar would say, this was the inherent message of Christianity, from the very beginning. In Paul Among the People: The Apostle Reinterpreted and Reimagined in His Own Time, Sarah Ruden seeks to compare Paul's writings with that of the culture in which he lived. Over and over again, her project is to show how remarkably liberal Paul is when it ...


3

The Reformed and Lutheran theologians of the late 16th and 17th centuries are often termed "Protestant Scholastics." Why? Because they took over the methodology of the Medieval Scholastics and produced vast systematic theologies. Concordia Publishing House is currently publishing one example of this, Johann Gerhard's 16 volume systematic theology. The ...


3

Matins and Vespers are prayer services prescribed for the morning and evening respectively, and the terms generally refer to services with particular orders of worship laid down in various hymnals used by the Lutheran denominations. However, while "matins" is an order of worship established for use in the morning, there are some congregations, and some ...


3

The Laestadian Lutheran Church (LLC), the American branch of the Laestadians, defines sin by quoting Ro. 14:23 saying sin is "whatsoever is not of faith". One reason they think it's sinful is that there's a whole lot on TV and in popular music that meets that criterion. And since it is part of their mission to promote "Christian values and ethics", seeing ...


2

You should check into the Book of Concord as there are several sections (of which the Small/Large Catechism is a part) that address this specifically (http://bookofconcord.org/sd-supper.php - The Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord). "Did" is also implied to a degree, because without Christ having done his work, the sacrament wouldn't exist. I'll ...


2

Lutherans believe that God elects to salvation, but not to damnation. That is to say, we believe that our salvation is due to God's election on account of His grace and mercy for the sake of Christ (i.e. God chooses us because He is merciful, not because we've done something to earn it or because He sees that we will do something to merit salvation). See, ...


2

According to Report G2009-2 of the 2009 Synod of the Church of Sweden, In Official Communication KsSkr 2009:6, the Church [of Sweden] Board notes that in the Lutheran tradition, marriage is a part of the secular order and has nothing to do with salvation. (p. 10) This would seem to suggest that the Church of Sweden considers that no "biblical basis" ...


2

I think the answer can be found in the article you have linked. On Page 129 for example, there's a description of how Luther broke up the unity of the eucharistic prayer: Luther's recension of the Canon of the Mass is more controversial. How much Luther can be held responsible for breaking up the unity of the eucharistic prayer and how much late ...


2

The Augustinian tradition, going back to the early anti-Pelagian writing On Nature and Grace, distinguishes between the human nature and the defect of original sin. We have a defective nature, therefore, and that is what we pass on to our children, but Christ is still consubstantial with us even though He was always without sin. Sin is not part of human ...


1

Since the Rosicrucian manifestos were the first anybody knew of the Rosicrucian movement, and they weren't published until after Martin Luther was dead several decades, it's far more probable that the Rosicrucian movement took its symbolism from Luther, not the other way around.


1

Normally I would not answer this question since you ask about the Catholic and Lutheran denominations. However, in my Bible study I have over 16 Bibles to reference and every one of them has this verse: Matthew 18:14 (Douay Rheims version) Even so it is not the will of your Father, who is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish. We all ...


1

Paul Kretzmann wrote a popular Biblical commentary from a Lutheran perspective. Regarding Hebrews 6, he wrote, "the behavior here described is the sin against the Holy Ghost." Regarding the sin against the Holy Ghost (spoken of in Matthew 12, Mark 3, and Luke 12), he writes: The sin is committed, not against the person, but against the work of the Holy ...


1

I'm a Lutheran pastor, so I'll answer from that perspective. I see Hebrews 6 as a warning and admonition. In the previous chapter, the author calls his readers "dull of hearing" and says that they ought to already know more than they do. Then, in chapter 6 he says it's impossible for those who have fallen away to be restored. Yet, in verse 9, he tempers ...


1

At the time of the reformation, many of the bishops of the Church of England, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cramner, were already recognized as consecrated bishops by the Roman church since they had been consecrated prior to the reformation. Apostolic succession in the Anglican communion is traced through these bishops. The the Churches of ...


1

This answer was written in answer to the original question, before it was massively rewritten and as the question is now asked does not apply to or answer your question. Please do not down vote or otherwise denigrate my answer, since it does apply and does answer the original question. Your question cannot be answered simply. In answering your question we ...


1

From a Fundamentalist Pentecostal pov, "Prayer Services" are usually geared towards corporate prayer and petitions of God. These prayer(s) can be very long (over 30mins each). If any hymns are sung or preaching is preached, it is to prepare the church (congregation) for prayer. These prayers can be in support of a specific cause; i.e. imprisoned ...


1

I speak from a Lutheran perspective. In our confession we say this - AC II.1. 1] Also they teach that since the fall of Adam all men begotten in the natural way are born with sin, that is, without the fear of God, without trust in God, and with 2] concupiscence; and that this disease, or vice of origin, is truly sin, even now condemning and bringing eternal ...



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