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6

Both Luther and the Rosicrucians have written about what the emblems represent, and the explanations differ quite a bit. In a 1530 letter to Lazarus Spengler, Luther wrote: Such a heart should stand in the middle of a white rose, to show that faith gives joy, comfort, and peace. In other words, it places the believer into a white, joyous rose, for this ...


6

Paul Kretzmann, the son of a Lutheran pastor, wrote his Popular Commentary of the Bible, which "has been a favorite among confessional Lutherans since publication of the first volume in 1921." In his comments on Hebrews 6, he called attention to the characteristics of the one who is spoken of in the passage: they were once enlightened, tasted of the ...


5

I am a WELS Lutheran. The idea that we refuse to pray with other Christians is a carricature of us. It is not totally accurate. My pastor says that public prayer is always off limits but private prayer is something that requires a bit of discretion. I have a good example of something that happened in our church. The parocial school that is attached to ...


5

No, the Catholic understanding of justification not occurring by grace alone has not changed. The 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification has not created any new doctrine, but restates Catholic doctrine on this point. The Canons of the Sixth Session of the Council of Trent include, among others, the following statements: CANON I. If any ...


4

Well, I am not catholic, but there seem to be a question that fascinated and perplexed many of the early Church fathers. Justin Martyr addressed the baptism of Jesus, as a sign that He is manifested as the Christ, a sign for the Church first, and then the world. Now, we know that he did not go to the river because He stood in need of baptism, or of ...


3

The guideline for discipline of clergy can be found here: http://download.elca.org/ELCA%20Resource%20Repository/Discipline_Process.pdf The above disciplinary process is intended for rostered leaders, including associates in ministry, ordained clergy, diaconal ministers, deaconesses, etc. Considering the complexity of the twofold rule of God theology, it is ...


3

During the early years of the Reformation "scholasticism" was a word thrown about as something of an insult toward the Roman Catholic Church. Scholasticism identifies the traditional approach (at least through the medieval time period) to developing theology and understanding scripture. And because Reformers were rejecting almost all things Catholic, the ...


2

Since the Rosicrucian manifestos were the first anybody knew of the Rosicrucian movement, and they weren't published until after Martin Luther was dead several decades, it's far more probable that the Rosicrucian movement took its symbolism from Luther, not the other way around.


2

Martin Luther once participated in a debate with Ulrich Zwingli’s over whether the Lords Supper was actually the body of Christ or simply a remembrance of it. It is reported that Martin Luther walked into the debate, went up to the board and took a piece of chalk and wrote “This Is my Body” then left the debate without looking back. The translation of the ...


2

The Augustinian tradition, going back to the early anti-Pelagian writing On Nature and Grace, distinguishes between the human nature and the defect of original sin. We have a defective nature, therefore, and that is what we pass on to our children, but Christ is still consubstantial with us even though He was always without sin. Sin is not part of human ...


1

I don't know of anyone who made this formulation explicit. One example of where all four are present is in the Confessions of Augustine: Scripture: Confessions quotes from scripture extensively. Reason: Augustine describes at length the importance of Cicero and Plato in his conversion, and how even there he saw God's light through their reason. Experience: ...


1

Jesus said it best in Matthew 4:4 (KJV) But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. John 6:48 (KJV) I am that bread of life. And because Jesus is that bread of life, the commandment that was given in order to grow spiritually can be found in various ...


1

Most Christians believe that it is acceptable and even good to pray to God to supply the necessities and amenities of life. That is reflected in your quote from Luther's Small Catechism. And yet, Jesus' words often have more than one meaning. The whole sequence in John 6:22-71 makes it clear that in associating bread with his flesh, Jesus was speaking ...


1

JUSTIFICATION: BEING DECLARED RIGHTEOUS Think of justification as a legal term, which is--in a sense--what it is. God, the judge of all humankind, has every right to demand satisfaction for our having broken his laws. We are culpable, each one of us, and as the Scripture says, "Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul ...


1

What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms? The answer to this relies on the meaning of "influence" as well as the definition of "pietism". If one takes a narrow view of pietism as a movement started by Philipp Jakob Spener, then his attempt to reform Lutheran practice has pretty much died out. However if one defines pietism as the desire ...



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