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"Meat" in this sense means, and has historically meant, what used to be called "flesh meat", which St. Thomas Aquinas described as "the flesh of animals that take their rest on the earth" [including birds, who rest in trees on the earth] (Summa Theologica, Second Part of the Second Part, Question 147, Article 8). Exceptions to the rule of "no meat on ...


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The USCCB website has several questions and answers about Lenten observances. The last one of these is: Q. Are there exemptions other than for age from the requirement to fast on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday? A. Those that are excused from fast and abstinence outside the age limits include the physically or mentally ill including individuals ...


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As I stated in an answer to a related question, historically it has been the case that during Lent, and perhaps during some other times, required abstinence from meat has included not only abstinence from meat products but also abstinence from any animal products, including dairy, fat, and eggs. Thus, it has historically been the case that between Ash ...


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It's traditionally known as Shrove Tuesday, but is known by a few names: Pancake Tuesday Mardi Gras Fat Tuesday probably more besides The day is most definitely a tradition of Catholics and some other ecclesial bodies who observe Lent. It is a feast day, a day of fattening before fasting for forty days. Sadly, the occasion has been abused, especially in ...


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The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops has a Q&A about Lenten practices that addressed this very question, which also describes a world-wide Catholic view: Q. I understand that all the Fridays of Lent are days of abstinence from meat, but I'm not sure what is classified as meat. Does meat include chicken and dairy products? A. ...


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The classical definition of what constituted "fish" in the days of St. Thomas Aquinas was based on the Summa Theologica's understanding of animals which took into account both animal habits as well as anatomy. Generally speaking fish could be eaten on days of abstinence but not the flesh of animals. In the Rule of St. Benedict abstinence is considered the ...



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