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18

Cecil Adams (aka "The Straight Dope") did a lot to debunk later-day Jonah stories here: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2294/have-any-real-life-jonahs-been-swallowed-by-whales-and-lived Basically, he says that while many would like to believe this is a phenomenon that has been reproduced, all the stories range from apocryphal to fraudulent. As ...


16

What's clear from the account of Jonah is that God would have destroyed the city if it were not for the people's repentance. Jonah's prophecy was accurate in that it articulated what God was going to do, but God relented. There was no failing in Jonah's ability to discern and communicate the will of God prior to the people's repentance, but that remarkable ...


13

I don't mean to be snarky, but you could ask the same question of how anybody recorded the dialog of George Washington. During the Whiskey Rebellion, when he put on his spectacles, and simply told his men that he had grown old in the service of his country, people remembered it. Likewise, there are five versions of the Gettysburg address, depending on ...


9

Typically, Jonah is dated to the period of Jeroboam, i.e 780 - 750s BC, whereas Nahum is dated to either shortly before (615BC) or after (612BC) the fall of Assyria (and its capital, Nineveh). Thus, Nahum is at least 150 years after Jonah. So, to answer the question directly, No - Nahum is not the promised vengeance of God against Nineveh promised by God in ...


9

I think it's telling here that several translations (KJV, ASV, Darby, ERV, WEB at least) will use the word "prepared" rather than "appointed". That is significant. If a great fish is only "appointed" (chosen/selected), you could argue that we are limited to what can be selected from the natural world. If the fish was "prepared", however, then we should ...


6

I think there are two options: He survived, and it was a miracle. (The whole story is miraculous, from the storm that stops, through the fish spitting him out at a certain location to the repentance of Nineveh.) He didn't survive, he died and was resurrected, also a miracle. I think this is the implication of Luke 11:30.


6

Sometimes the author was the person involved e.g. Moses is often considered the author of the first five books of the Old Testament, and John the author of his gospel. Sometimes the conversation was passed on e.g. the Apostle Peter is thought to have inspired the gospel of Mark. However, regarding the exact dialogue, that's a miracle of The Holy Spirit, as ...


6

The answer is simpler than you think. No author intended to write down any conversation verbatim. Not even the words of Jesus are treated that way in the Gospels. In John 20:30-31 it is made clear that we are dealing with excerpts. This is also evidenced by the fact that the same quote can be slightly different between two narratives. The biblical authors ...


6

Many commentators have enjoyed pointing out the Pharisees' mistake, which is just one of several errors they make in this chapter. A "pure" sarcasm would mean that the Pharisees considered Galilee to be the place where prophets came from - a bit like associating Washington, DC with politicians. But the context is their rejection of Jesus (known to them as a ...


5

A large part of the purpose of the Book of Jonah is to describe the universal power and sovereignty of God. Israel was not always monotheistic in her beliefs. Much of the early history of Israelite religion, as it can be seen in the Hebrew Bible, was actually what is called monolatrist, that is to say, she worshipped only one God but her religion did not ...


5

Consider this: If the only words that Jonah spoke were "Forty more days and Nineveh will be overthrown." the Ninevites would not "have believed God and repented". This is because they would not have known upon what authority Jonah was speaking, nor would they have known what to do. It's clear from the actions of the Ninevites and the unchanging nature of ...


4

Well - you can easily answer this yourself. You need fresh oxygen every minute, and will die after about 3 minutes without fresh air. Would you expect fresh air in the stomach of an animal? Of course not. But if it happened every second week, that people get eaten by whales, and come back again - it wouldn't be a miracle. But what is the function of the ...


3

It is possible that Jonah died in the belly of the fish, based on the language used in Jonah 2, but I think most probable that he did not. Notice Jonah 2:5 (2:6 in Hebrew) says "the waters encompassed me up to my neck." That same Hebrew phrase "up to my neck" was used by David in Ps 69:1, “Save me, O God! For the waters have come up to my neck.” The phrase ...


3

Probably not Jonah spoke of coming out of the belly of Sheol (Hebrew word for grave). Jonah could have been speaking literally or using a figure of speech. Jonah 2:1-2 ESV Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish, 2 saying, “I called out to the Lord, out of my distress, and he answered me; out of the belly of Sheol I cried, and ...


2

You must believe 2 Timothy 3:16: All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness In other translations, God-breathed is replaced with "inspired", but both come from the greek word "theopneustos". This directly translates to God-breathed. However, this is still slightly vague. However, note ...


2

Is your question, (a) "How did the writer know the exact words?" Or, (b) "How did the writer know what was said at all?" If (b), I would think the answer is pretty simple: The same way that the writer of any history book knows what was said in a private conversation: Either the book was written by someone who was present and knows what was said, or the ...


1

Jonah was the only prophet in the Hebrew Bible that was sent to some of the Gentiles. Generally there was no reason to send a prophet to the Gentiles, since they were not given the same set of laws as the Israelites. So unless they got totally depraved, God left them as they were. It's interesting to note, that even in that case, when the Gentiles needed to ...



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