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According to the levitical priesthood a sacrifice had to be without defect Lev 22:20 Do not bring anything with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf. In this case any sacrifice offered to God has to be without defect. We humans are born into sin and no one lives a life without sin. Romans 3:23 tells us we have all sinned and ...


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This is certainly a challenging question. I'll rely on the writings of two prominent reformed theologians, Louis Berkhof and Charles Hodge, who are strong supporters of this doctrine. It's important to note, for reasons that will become clear, that they defend their position in the face of arguments made by opponents who believe in a just God. Those who ...


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The overwhelming majority of Christians believe that Jesus was the Son of God spiritually, bodily, and every other way. We believe that he was conceived miraculously within the virgin Mary by the power of the Spirit of God, and so God is his father not in only a figurative sense, but concretely. Most Christian groups consider this to be a fundamental ...


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It is believed that Jesus taught the Our Father prayer in verses-- verses which perfectly rhymed. Jack Kilmon, the Bible scholar did a retro-translation of the prayer into Aramaic, the language which Jesus spoke, and came out with the astonishing finding that it indeed was a beautiful poem, which Jesus must have sung and His disciples repeated. (P.S.: ...


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John's was a baptism of repentance. It was a cleaning of the body, according to the Law that commanded those who were unclean to "wash with water". This is not the same baptism as that in Christ since the Apostles baptized in the name of Christ those who had already received John's baptism in Acts 19.


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Jesus being slain before the foundation of the world tells me in his being slain he finished the work of redemption before the foundation of the world. This was efficacious in saving all those God had planned to save in the Old Testament before the crucifixion and all those after the crucifixion. Jesus coming in the flesh to this material world was a ...


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According to 1 Corinthians chapter 2, Paul was teaching things that he learned from the Spirit of the risen Christ. It was clear that he was teaching things that the disciples were not comfortable with at first, and Paul had to persuade them (James and Peter) that his teachings were true. If Jesus had taught James and Peter what the Spirit was teaching Paul, ...


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The fact that Jesus is our creator is the main reason why we worship Him. "Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created" (Rev 4:11) "Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and ...


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Jesus is the Son of God. He is often called the son of man to tell people that He is the coming messiah that everyone needs. How can calling Him the son of man tell people he's the messiah? Enter Daniel 7:13: “I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was ...


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Your question goes to the basic belief of the Southern Baptist belief in that we believe that Jesus was wholly man and wholly God. When Jesus was referred to as the son of man (usually by himself) he was making reference to his human which he inherited through Mary his human mother. Luke 1:35 KJV And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost ...


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Although I do not support JWs' non-Trinitarian doctrine, the idea that Michael could be another name for Jesus did not originate with JWs, and can be found in some writings of some early reformators. Jude 9 should be compared to in light of Zechariah 3:2 Jude 9 (KJV): Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the ...


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Some commentators do employ a bit of speculation on this question, including Augustine himself. The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture summarizes Augustine, saying that the fish "represent the faith of the martyrs that have gone through the fiery trials of suffering." With respect to a similar passage in John 21, Augustine writes that "[t]he fish ...


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Just jəst/ 1. based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair Was it fair for Jesus to take on what we deserve so that we can be treated as He deserves? No. However, is a voluntary act of self-renouncing love righteous? Certainly. Before even the foundation of the world, the plan of salvation was already agreed upon by the Father, Son ...


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A number of them... Immediately upon His conception is one, thus filling Old Testament prophecy of His virgin birth, Isa.9:6. That God became flesh and dwelt among us is another. That Jesus Christ created the universe and everything in it is another, Jn.1:1-3. That He appeared to Moses, and many, many times at that, is another. ( The Angel of the Lord means ...


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None of the four Gospels record Jesus performing a miracle prior to his temptation in the wilderness. Matthew, Mark, and Luke all record Jesus' baptism and immediately follow it with his temptation in the wilderness. John does not mention the temptation: after Jesus' baptism, Jesus begins calling his disciples. That said, we can't provide a definitive ...


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Quite simply... The death of Christ for sin was His body of flesh only. He can not die spiritually because God is Eternal... from everlasting to everlasting, Ps.90:2. In the Old Testament we read all about blood sacrifices of animals performed by the priests which were given to typify the atoning death of Christ yet to play out in history. The requirement ...


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When the sinner is condemned and dies because "the wages of sin is death", the punishment is eternal because he is not able to provide a righteous life. The difference is, though Jesus took on our sins to become "sin for us" and was condemned to death, God raised Him up again because He never sinned Himself. Having never sinned, He - the second member of ...


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Christ “died” for our sins (1 Cor. 15:3). The punishment the law required for our sins was not the whippings on His back or Hell, but death. Jesus’ substitutionary death perfectly fulfilled the offering requirements of the OT. When the Jews of ancient Israel brought their offerings to God for their sins, the priest did not have the sinners wait for eternity ...


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Reformed theologians who hold to penal substitutionary atonement emphasize a) the divine nature of Christ and the increased capacity for suffering that that implies and b) the intensity of God's wrath against him. Louis Berkhof, in his Systematic Theology (3.2.1.B), writes: [Christ's] capacity for suffering was commensurate with the ideal character of ...


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What differences will being a Christian make in this life? There are as many reactions to being a Christian and having new and eternal life in Jesus as there are people. Sadly many do not seem to be any different than they were before they were Christian. 1 Corinthians 3:1-3 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto ...


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The question does not state any perspective from which to believe that being a Christian will make a difference in this world so, like each of the other answers, I will be as broad as possible. Most Christians believe that Christians set out to uphold high moral values and to help others. Many Christians do indeed try to do this and, by doing so, leave ...


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Living up to Jesus' standards- No one can and we are all unworthy in themselves. No one is good on their own and each man, woman and child is worthy of, and on a trajectory for, only one thing-hell, until God changes that for us. That is why it is only through God's great mercy that anyone is saved. Nothing we can do on our part can save us (Ephesians 2:8, ...


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God gave us rules not that we could ever follow all of them, but to convict us of our sin. And, I think the best example of someone that was 'almost' perfect was Moses. He did everything perfectly until the very end when he stuck the rock. HE STRUCK A ROCK and that kept him out of the promised land. After leading all those ungrateful people for 40 years (the ...


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How is it just that Jesus, an innocent, would be punished for our sins? Using only the yardstick of justice, it can seem puzzling that Jesus would willingly lay down his life. John 10:15 As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep. Matthew 26:53 Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, ...


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The Bible declares that Jesus is the Express image of God's person, meaning that if you had to put a face to God it would be the face of Jesus. God is invisible in Spirit but came and made Himself visible through the Person of Jesus Christ. He is not just the Son of God but He is the express image of God Himself. Therefore, when Jesus was slain before the ...


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Does the bible say Jesus was coming back in 2, 20, 200, or 2000 years? No. In fact, it is not stated when he would come back. 1 Thessalonians 5:2 states: "..for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night." So "isn't it obvious he most likely is never coming back?" No it isn't obvious to those of who believe what the bible ...


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Wayne Grudem is probably the most prominent theologian who has provided a detailed argument on this topic.1 He first disputes the common interpretations of five passages: Acts 2:27, Romans 10:6-7, Ephesians 4:8-9, 1 Peter 3:18-20, and 1 Peter 4:6, and argues that none of them clearly teach any form of the "descent into hell" doctrine. He then proceeds to ...


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This question is getting at the heart of what Christ's sacrifice truly means, and so answering it is a very specific and important endeavor. The philosophical understanding here is as follows; there is a distinction between Christ's 'primary' and 'secondary' cause that is important to note, because if God as Christ truly took upon Himself the fullness of ...


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And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed. (John 20:28) Besides no one of the prophets before Jesus ever said something like this: Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known ...


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Justin Martyr is probably the strongest early advocate for the view that the "Angel of the Lord" in the OT often refers to Christ. In his Dialogue with Trypho, he argues that many supernatural appearances in the OT are manifestations of the second member of the Trinity. One such example is that of the burning bush in Exodus 3:2-4, where reference to the ...


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The evidence is that the Angel of the Lord in the Old Testament is not Jesus. Jesus is the incarnation of God as man, and while the person of Jesus existed "in the beginning" (John 1:1, KJV), he did not attain human form until being born of Mary. Angels are messengers of God whose purpose for existence is to speak what God wants spoken to those to whom ...


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Church historian Philip Schaff provides a summary of the development of the Apostles' Creed in his book, The Creeds of Christendom. A helpful table, showing the creed's gradual formation in the West from AD 200 to 750, can't be reproduced in full here, but I'll quote the relevant part, listing each version of the creed, the year, and the wording of the ...


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The second part of your question - relating to Ezekiel 18 - is a very good question. I struggled with this when I was a new believer. This chapter talks about personal responsibility - which I needed to hear - but then the New Testament talks about Jesus taking our punishment. I found it confusing. Here is how that chapter ends (Ezekiel 18:30-32): ...


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St Ignatius "Epistle to the Magnesians" 107 AD If then they who walked in ancient customs came to a new hope, no longer living for the Sabbath, but for the Lord's Day, on which also our life sprang up through him and his death,-though some deny him,-and by this mystery we received faith, and for this reason also we suffer, that we may be found ...


2

It's pretty clear from reading the Gospels that Jesus did not have a 'fixed abode' during his ministry. He moved around from place to place. He certainly stayed on some occasions with supporters. On other occasions it is probable he slept outside. There are a number of occasions where Jesus is recorded as staying at the Mount of Olives, notably during ...


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Very simply put, the kingdom of God is the kingdom of faith which is both present and coming. This can be understood as the church which is the kingdom of faith. Mustard seed is used only five times in the Bible. Mat_13:31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed ...


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A few things: God's omnipresence has little if anything to do with Jesus' death on the cross. To be sure, Jesus' death was a burden to him, since on the night he was betrayed, he sweat, as it were, great drops of blood when thinking about the bitter cup he was about to drain to the dregs. More significant, however, was the burden of sin Jesus bore on the ...


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The word ptōchos used means absolute poverty. Spiritually speaking, the poor in spirit are those who recognize their utter lack of the Spirit. This is the first step one must recognize during conversion - that he lacks and need the Holy Spirit. Thus the poor in spirit are the ones who are blessed, because, unlike the proud Pharisees, they recognize with ...


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The Old Testament and Hebrew linguistic background of this passage should be kept in mind. Recall: Matthew (or his source) was likely translating words that were spoken in Hebrew or Aramaic. Both Jesus and Matthew likely had a Semitic mother tongue. The Hebrew bible (both in its Hebrew and Greek forms) was frequently referenced explicitly by both, ...


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Of the first scenario, John himself added this passage later on: The earliest surviving manuscript to contain the Pericope Adulterae is from the late fourth or early fifth century, although there are hints that the pericope was known already in the fourth century. There is little doubt the Gospel existed for centuries without this passage, so we can rule ...


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The gospels tell us that under a custom honoured by the Roman authorities, a prisoner would be released by them at the time of the Jewish Passover. Pilate allowed the crowd to choose between Jesus and Barabbas. John Shelby Spong says in Jesus for the NonReligious, page 168, that in his research, he has been able to find no evidence that there was a custom of ...


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What is Jesus meant by “mustard seed of faith”? The term "mustard seed" is illustrative of something very small. It is three times used of something that started small and became big and twice used to describe faith that is as small as mustard seed. Luke 17:5-10 And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith. And the Lord said, If ye had ...


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In Mark's Gospel, the last 24 hours in the life of Jesus form a unique chiastic structure, with eight periods of just three hours each: A The celebration of the Passover Feast, which becomes the Last Supper, beginning "when it was evening" (Mark 14:17), which was 6 pm by first-century Jewish reckoning. The Passover meal typically took three hours and was ...



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