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7

The primary difference between the Eastern Orthodox churches and the Catholic Church is the refusal of the former to acknowledge the primacy of the Pope. This is a discussion that dates back well over a thousand years. There are some groups of former national Orthodox churches (the Ruthenian church for example) which have in the last several centuries chosen ...


6

Full followers of Catharism were known as 'Perfects'. They would commit to a specific ascetic lifestyle, and would on their death ascend to heaven. Other lesser followers of Catharism would be reincarnated to get another chance. Unfortunately to be a Perfect, you need to be inducted by another Perfect. Since there are no more Perfects, no-one can become ...


5

As far as what's necessary for salvation, we'd have to start with Baptism: Men are bound to that without which they cannot obtain salvation. Now it is manifest that no one can obtain salvation but through Christ; wherefore the Apostle says (Rom. 5:18): "As by the offense of one unto all men unto condemnation; so also by the justice of one, unto all men ...


3

Perhaps this can help with an answer to your question if I have understood it correctly. If Pope John II (532-535) was the first pope to change his name, it was due to the fact that his given name Mercury was that of a pagan Roman god and thus he was trying to avoid a scandal. The pope Pelagius I (566-561) and Pope Pelagius II (579-590), on the other hand, ...


3

The guideline for discipline of clergy can be found here: http://download.elca.org/ELCA%20Resource%20Repository/Discipline_Process.pdf The above disciplinary process is intended for rostered leaders, including associates in ministry, ordained clergy, diaconal ministers, deaconesses, etc. Considering the complexity of the twofold rule of God theology, it is ...


2

As a Presbyterian coming from a reformed tradition, we would see the canon of scripture defined by the Hebrew Bible which is received by the Jewish community as the books which represent the "rule of faith" for the community In addition, we accept the 27 Greek books called the New Testament as the books inspired by God to represent the unchanging teaching ...


2

That God is simple (and hence, not composed of parts) is a dogma of the Catholic faith defined at the Fourth Lateran Council in November 1215: "We firmly believe and simply confess that there is only one true God, eternal and immeasurable, almighty, unchangeable, incomprehensible and ineffable, Father, Son and holy Spirit, three persons but one ...


2

What a great question! I just want to contribute one other thought. Partialism is kind of a theological impossibility, thus it doesn't need to be expressly condemned because a theologian should never get there in the fist place. Here is what I mean: An orthodox confession would include the proclamation that God is Spirit (John 4:24). Spirit can't be ...


2

Wikipedia's list of Christian heresies turns up Audianism. This fourth-century group understood Genesis 1:27 to teach that God has a body like men. This is a form of anthropomorphism, which is more broadly defined by the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia as: Anthropomorphism is the ascription to the Supreme Being of the form, organs, operations, and general ...


2

St. Vincent of Lerins, in his Commonitory lib. 1 cap. 2 n. 6-8, says to "follow universality, antiquity, consent." “Also in the Catholic Church itself we take great care that we hold that which has been believed everywhere, always, by all. For that is truly and properly Catholic, as the very force and meaning of the word shows, which comprehends ...



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