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14

Technically, the first ecclesiastical authority to say that heretics should be persecuted was Pope Gregory IX in 1229. The first Church Father to say that heretics should be compelled to recant would be Augustine around 400 AD. The first heretic actually put to death (385AD) was killed by the Emperor - and the Pope was very annoyed at the development. It ...


12

There is no biblical precedent for formal disassociation with the church, other than excommunication. Excommunication is a church censure for some gross act for which as Paul says, one must be "handed over to Satan," with the idea that the offender will repent and (hopefully) be reinstated. 1 Corinthians 5 goes into this. One might be excommunicated for ...


10

Update: The short answer: No; it seems that partialism is not a "real," historically defined heresy. Explanation: Before writing this post, I checked the applicable titles from among my usual textual sources -- a variety of historic theological works that are now in the public domain and available online. When that yielded no references to "partialism," I ...


10

There is no verse in the New Testament stating that we need to punish "heretics". Quite the contrary. In James 4:12 (NIV) it says: There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you--who are you to judge your neighbor? Matthew 5:43-48 (NIV): "You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your ...


7

I understand by your question and follow up comment, you are really asking, 'Why did Luther reject the traditional sacraments of the Catholic church, which in turn was one of the reasons why the Catholic church branded him as a heretic?' The answer is complex as the rejection of traditional views of the sacraments was not central to what Luther saw as his ...


7

As far as the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England are concerned, it certainly is Canon Law. 900 §1. The minister who is able to confect the sacrament of the Eucharist in the person of Christ is a validly ordained priest alone. 907 In the eucharistic celebration deacons and lay persons are not permitted to offer prayers, especially the ...


6

It sounds like a heretical understanding sometimes called Partialism, which suggested that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are parts of the one God. Partialism contrasts the The Athanasian Creed. Namely: And the Catholic Faith is this, that we worship one God in Trinity and Trinity in Unity. Neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the ...


6

As far as we know, he did not use this analogy. It does not appear in the extant writings attributed to him, nor in early hagiographies. There are several places in these documents where a shamrock metaphor wouldn't go completely amiss, and yet it doesn't seem to appear anywhere. In the Confession attributed to Patrick, he talks a lot about how he is a ...


6

There's a scholarly article on the Inquisitions at a rather surprising website. It says... (From Deuteronomy 13 NIV) "If a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you... and he says, 'Let us follow other gods'... That prophet or dreamer must be put to death... You must purge the evil from among you. If your very own brother, or your ...


5

Luther and the Church It must be said that Martin Luther was originally a servant of the Church, and prior to posting his 95 theses, he expressed loyalty (at least superficially) to the Pope. Despite his frequent battles with spiritual depression, Luther proved himself to be a very intelligent man, was ordained a priest, and became a doctor of theology. ...


5

To look at the various aspects of your question from a Catholic point of view... If one's entry into the church is solemnized by baptism... What does the Catholic Church teach about baptism? 1213 Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit (vitae spiritualis ianua), 4 and the door which givesaccessto ...


4

It does sound like Partialism eg akin to the 3 leaf clover idea (see above you-tube for an entertaining explanation of that :) !! ) I prefer the metaphor of a cube to explain the Trinity to those who may need something concrete to assist in their undestanding. There we have Length, Breadth and Height. The Length is NOT the Breadth is NOT the Height. They ...


4

To answer this, one must first define what Arianism is. Any denomination which holds that Jesus Christ is a subordinate entity to God. He is not one with the Father. Christ is not truly divine but a created being can be considered as 'Arian'. In Arius's words, "there was [a time] when he (the Son) was not." Holy Arian Catholic and Apostolic Church in claims ...


4

Once Apostolic succession is rejected, it seems difficult to justify setting requirements for administration. The Protestant view seems to vary from "it doesn't matter who is doing it"1 to "you must have a Master's of Divinity and be ordained"2 to present communion. Ordination is commonly required, or at least recommended. From what I can tell, this idea ...


3

Heretic are they who restricting belief to certain points of Christ's doctrine selected and fashioned at pleasure. They believe not what Christ really taught, but the suggestions of his own mind. - (Summa Theologica - Second Part of the Second Part - Question 11) Schismatics are they who of their own will and intention separate themselves from the unity of ...


3

As a youth leader I celebrated the Lords Supper with my students with no ordained minister present—and all the ministers of my church knew. Baptists can celebrate communion at home with the family. The early church did the same: after the meal, the bread was taken and broken remembering Jesus' sacrifice. If a pastor is present, we do respect his ...


2

2Pe 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. Strong's Greek heresies G139 αἵρεσις hairesis hah'ee-res-is From G138; properly a ...


2

I read this question a while ago and even though it has a satisfactory answer, I thought that there would be something more accessible in The Lamb's Supper by Dr. Scott Hahn. And I think these tidbits will help. He says that thoughout the Church (and throughout the ages) there many Eucharistic prays but they all contain the same parts. The Epiclesis ...


2

There are two primary reasons for believing that God is an individual person. First, the Old Testament is unabashedly monotheistic. Monotheism was something which set the Jews apart from their neighboring nations. Deut 6:4 (NASB) Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one! Consequently, Christians are also monotheists. Not only do they ...


2

I can't argue from my own personal conviction, so these might not be the strongest arguments unitarians would assert. As much as it pains me not to offer the counterarguments, I will give them their say. God is One Critics of trinitarianism will point to there being almost no mention of any "persons of the Godhead" in the Old Testament (exceptions: Ge ...


1

One common verse cited against it is Deuteronomy 6:4, "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one!" The problem against this view is the use of the Hebrew word for "one." That same word is used in Genesis 2:24 where Adam and Eve are said to "become one flesh." It is a compound unity, that in this case means one composed of two persons. It is used ...


1

The Definition of Torture The first thing to identify in such a question is the definition of torture. Torture is a fluid term and similar or even exact same actions may seem like torture against one person but not against another, so there is a subjective nature to the question. There is also the consideration of certain execution methods actually being ...


1

To answer your title questions This question lacks the short and simple answer: Schism means that you agree on doctrine but not on hierarchy. Heresy means you have rejected a defined doctrine of the Church. This means you can have people who have separated themselves from the Church but agree on doctrines (say, the SSPX), and you can have people who ...


1

From a Non-Denominational Standpoint, if you are worried about what God will think, then you need not worry about what the Church goers are saying about you. if you are leaving a church because it interferes with you being one with God, then it doesn't matter what "the church" is going to say about it. the church is there for you, not the other way around, ...



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